Samuel Jones (New York comptroller)

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Samuel Jones
Samuel Jones (New York State Comptroller).png
New York State Comptroller
In office
1797–1800
Preceded byPeter T. Curtenius
Succeeded byJohn Vernon Henry
Recorder of New York City
In office
1789–1797
Preceded byRichard Varick
Succeeded byJames Kent
Personal details
Born(1734-07-26)July 26, 1734
Oyster Bay, Province of New York, British America
DiedNovember 25, 1819(1819-11-25) (aged 85)
New York, U.S.
Spouse(s)Cornelia Haring
ChildrenSamuel Jones
ParentsWilliam Jones
Phoebe Jackson Jones

Samuel Jones (July 26, 1734 – November 25, 1819) was an American lawyer and politician. In 1788, he played a key role in convincing the State of New York to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

Early life[edit]

Jones was born on July 26, 1734 in Oyster Bay in what was then the Province of New York. He was the son of William Jones (1708–1779) and Phoebe (née Jackson) Jones (1715–1800).[1]

Thomas Jones, who was also a Record of New York City, was Jones's first cousin as both were grandchildren of Major Thomas Jones who emigrated to Rhode Island from Strabane, in Ireland and became influential figure on Long Island.[1] His paternal grandmother, Freelove (née Townsend) Jones, was daughter of Captain Thomas Townsend.[2]

Career[edit]

In 1760, Jones was working in the law office of William Smith, and was admitted in October of that year to practice before the New York Bar.[3] During the New York-Massachusetts boundary dispute of 1784-1786, Jones along with Alexander Hamilton represented New York, and Jones traveled to Boston such as to obtain materials that would support New York's claims.[4][3]

In 1786, he was appointed along with Richard Varick to collect and publish all of the statutes then in force; with only minor changes by the state legislature, this work by Jones and Varick remained the only comprehensive collection of New York's laws for the remainder of that century.[3] Also in 1786, he was elected from Queens County to the New York State Assembly, as a member of the Anti-Federalist Party aligned with Governor George Clinton, serving in the Assembly until 1790.[3]

Jones was elected a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1788, but did not attend the session.[5] That was also the year of the greatest and most historical thing he ever did: at the New York convention in Poughkeepsie to consider ratifying the United States Constitution, he broke the impasse about whether a Bill of Rights had to be added.[3] In particular, Jones proposed to remove the words "on condition that" a listing of rights would be added, and proposed to insert the words “in full confidence that" a listing of rights would be added; Jones won that battle by 31 votes to 29, which assured both the success of the Constitution as well as the later addition of a Bill of Rights.[3]

Jones was Recorder of New York City from 1789 to 1797, and was a member of the New York State Senate from 1791 to 1799.[6] On February 17, 1797, the office of New York State Comptroller was created by the New York State Legislature to succeed to the State Auditor, Peter T. Curtenius; on March 15 of that year, Jones was appointed by the Council of Appointment as the first holder of the office.[7][8] Three years later, the state legislature reduced his salary, and the legislature also moved from New York City to Albany; for some combination of those reasons he resigned and returned to his home on Long Island.[9][3]

Personal life[edit]

Jones's first wife was Ellen Turk, who died young.[3] In 1768, he married Cornelia Haring, a daughter of Elizabeth Haring. Together, Samuel and Cornelia were the parents of Samuel Jones (1769–1853), who also served as Recorder of New York City and the Chancellor of New York.[10]

Jones died on November 25, 1819.[11] He left a widow and five sons.[3]

Legacy[edit]

Great Jones Street in New York City's NoHo district was named after Samuel Jones.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jones, John Henry (2009). The Jones Family of Long Island: Descendants of Major Thomas Jones (1665-1726) and Allied Families. p. 83. ISBN 9781115588737. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  2. ^ Jones, Thomas (1879). History of New York During the Revolutionary War: And of the Leading Events in the Other Colonies at that Period. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Seabury, Samuel. "Samuel Jones, New York's First Comptroller", New York History, Vol. 28, p. 397 (1947).
  4. ^ Alexander, Edward P. A Revolutionary Conservative: James Duane of New York. New York: Columbia University Press, 1938, p. 173.
  5. ^ "JONES, Samuel - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  6. ^ New York History: Quarterly Journal of the New York State Historical Association. The Association. 1989. p. 67. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  7. ^ Annual Report of the Comptroller of the State of New York. Charles van Benthuysen. 1900. p. 76. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  8. ^ Hough, Franklin Benjamin (1858). The New York Civil List: Containing the names and origin of the civil divisions, and the names and dates of election or appointment of the principal state and county officers from the Revolution to the present time. Weed, Parsons and Co. p. 34. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  9. ^ Benjamin, Gerald (2012). The Oxford Handbook of New York State Government and Politics. OUP USA. p. 291. ISBN 9780195387230. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  10. ^ "Samuel Jones, Jr. | Chancellor of New York, 1826-1828". www.nycourts.gov. Historical Society of the New York Courts. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  11. ^ New York Evening Post: Death Notices, November 26, 1819.

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Richard Varick
Recorder of New York City
1789–1797
Succeeded by
James Kent
Political offices
Preceded by
Peter T. Curtenius
as Auditor
New York State Comptroller
1797–1800
Succeeded by
John Vernon Henry