Samuel Sitgreaves

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Samuel Sitgreaves
Samuel Sitgreaves, 16 Mar 1764 - 4 Apr 1827.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 4th district
In office
March 4, 1795 – 1798
Preceded byNew District
Succeeded byJohn Chapman
and
Robert Brown
Personal details
Born(1764-03-16)March 16, 1764
Philadelphia, Province of Pennsylvania, British America
DiedApril 4, 1827(1827-04-04) (aged 63)
Easton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political partyFederalist
Spouse(s)Franconia Allibone (m. 1783)
Maria Angelina Kemper (m. 1796) [1]
ProfessionLawyer

Samuel Sitgreaves (March 16, 1764 – April 4, 1827) was a United States Representative from Pennsylvania. Born in Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania, he pursued classical studies, studied law, was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia on September 3, 1783 and began practice in Easton, Pennsylvania in 1786. He was a delegate to the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention in 1790, and was elected as a Federalist to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1795, until his resignation in 1798. Sitgreaves was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1798 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Senator William Blount. On August 11, 1798, Sitgreaves was appointed United States commissioner to Great Britain under the Jay treaty, regarding British debt claims arising from the American Revolution.

Service after Congress[edit]

After his involvement in the Blount affair of 1797, Sitgreaves was considered the Congressional expert on treason. As such, Sitgreaves was asked to lead the prosecution against John Fries and the others responsible for carrying out Fries's Rebellion, an armed tax revolt among Pennsylvania Dutch farmers between 1799 and 1800. Sitgreaves was successful in his prosecution and the jury in the case found the men guilty of treason, but a second trial and an eventual pardon from President John Adams saved the rebels from execution.[2]

Sitgreaves returned to Easton, where he served as a burgess from 1804 to 1807, helped to found the Easton Library (now Easton Area Public Library),[3] served as treasurer of Northampton County from 1816 to 1819, and resumed the practice of law. He founded Trinity Episcopal Church in Easton on February 9, 1819 and donated land for the church building which was consecrated by Bishop William White in October 1820. He was president of the Easton Bank from 1815 to 1827, and trustee to Lafayette College from 1826 to 1827.[4] He died in Easton; interment was initially in the churchyard at Trinity Church and he was later re-interred in Easton Cemetery after its founding in 1849.

His sister Julianna married Lewis Allaire Scott, and was the mother of Mayor of Philadelphia John Morin Scott (1789–1858).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Rossiter. The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. The Biographical Society, 1904.
  2. ^ Whelan, Frank. "Easton's Forgotten Founding Father Samuel Sitgreaves Left His Mark On Fledgling Nation". The Morning Call. August 5, 1991
  3. ^ McEvoy, Colin. "Easton Area Public Library to celebrate 200th anniversary, reflect on history". The Express-Times. December 30, 2010
  4. ^ Skillman, David Bishop (1932). The Biography of a College: Being the History of the First Century of the Life of Lafayette College. Easton, Pennsylvania: Lafayette College.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
At large on a General ticket:

Thomas Fitzsimons
John W. Kittera
Thomas Hartley
Thomas Scott
James Armstrong
Peter G. Muhlenberg
Andrew Gregg
Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg
Daniel Hiester
William Irvine
William Findley
John Smilie
and
William Montgomery

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 4th congressional district

1795–1797
alongside: John Richards

1797–1798
alongside: John Chapman

Succeeded by
John Chapman
and
Robert Brown