Sarah, Duchess of York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Duchess of York (more)
Sarah, Duchess of York, Gahanga Cricket Stadium 1 (October 2017) (cropped).jpg
Sarah in Rwanda, October 2017
BornSarah Margaret Ferguson
(1959-10-15) 15 October 1959 (age 61)
London Welbeck Hospital, London, England[1]
(m. 1986; div. 1996)
HouseWindsor (by marriage)
FatherRonald Ferguson
MotherSusan Wright
  • Author
  • spokesperson
  • film producer
  • television personality
SignatureSarah's signature

Sarah, Duchess of York (born Sarah Margaret Ferguson; 15 October 1959) is a member of the extended British royal family. She is a writer, film producer and television personality. She is the former wife of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Early life[edit]

Sarah Margaret Ferguson was born on 15 October 1959 at London Welbeck Hospital. She is the second daughter of Major Ronald Ferguson (1931–2003) and his first wife, Susan (née Wright; 1937–1998).[2] After Sarah's parents divorced in 1974, her mother married polo player Héctor Barrantes in 1975[3] and moved to Trenque Lauquen in the Argentine pampas. Sarah stayed at the 480-acre (1.9 km2) Dummer Down Farm at Dummer, Hampshire, her father's home since age 8.[4][5] Major Ferguson married Susan Deptford in 1976 and had three more children: Andrew, Alice, and Elizabeth. Sarah later mentioned that at the age of 12, when her parents' marriage started to fall apart, she developed an eating disorder and "turned to overeating for comfort".[6]

Known informally as "Fergie", Sarah once described her family as "country gentry with a bit of old money". She is a descendant of King Charles II of England via three of his illegitimate children: Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth,[7] and Anne Lennard, Countess of Sussex.[8][9][10][11] She has aristocratic ancestry, being the great great-granddaughter of the 6th Duke of Buccleuch, a great-granddaughter of the 8th Viscount Powerscourt and a descendant of the 1st Duke of Abercorn and of the 4th Duke of Devonshire.[5][12] Sarah and her former husband, Andrew, are distantly related, as they are both descended from the Duke of Devonshire as well as King James VI and I.[5]

Sarah attended Daneshill School, Stratfield Turgis. The staff of the school described her as a "courageous, bubbly and outgoing little girl".[5] She then attended Hurst Lodge School in Ascot.[13] She did not shine academically but showed talent in swimming and tennis.[5] At a young age, she developed an interest in skiing and later briefly worked as a chalet girl.[14] After finishing a course at Queen's Secretarial College at the age of eighteen,[15] Sarah went to work for an art gallery.[5] Later she worked in two public relations firms in London, and then for a publishing company.[5] During her youth she dated Kim Smith-Bingham, a stockbroker, and Paddy McNally, a motor racing manager 22 years her senior.[5][16]

Marriage to Prince Andrew[edit]

The Duke and Duchess of York on their wedding day

On 19 March 1986, Prince Andrew (fourth in line to the throne at the time) and Sarah Ferguson announced their engagement.[17] Prince Andrew had known Ferguson since childhood, and they had met occasionally at polo matches, and became re-acquainted with each other at Royal Ascot in 1985.[5][18] Also prior to their engagement, Ferguson had accompanied Diana, Princess of Wales, during her official tour of Andrew's ship HMS Brazen.[5][7] Prince Andrew designed the engagement ring himself. It consisted of ten diamonds surrounding a Burmese ruby. He chose the Burmese ruby to complement Sarah's red hair.[19] With her fun spirit and friendly approach she was initially considered to be a good addition to the royal family.[5][7]

After securing the Queen's permission (which, at that time, was required by the Royal Marriages Act 1772, for all descendants of King George III), Andrew and Sarah were married in Westminster Abbey on 23 July 1986. The Queen bestowed the title Duke of York upon Prince Andrew, and, as his new wife, Sarah automatically assumed her husband's royal and ducal status and became Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York. As Duchess of York, Sarah joined her husband in carrying out royal engagements, including official overseas visits.

Andrew and Sarah in Townsville, 1988

In 1987, the Duke and Duchess of York undertook a 25-day tour of Canada.[20] In February 1987, Sarah got a private pilot's license and, after passing a 40-hour training course that was paid for by Lord Hanson as a wedding gift, she was presented with her wings at RAF Benson in December.[21][22] On 22 January 1988, during the trip to New York to attend a fundraising event, the Duchess was attacked by a young man at the entrance of her hotel.[23] The man, who was screaming "murderers 3/8" and had the Irish Republican Army flag in his hands when he rushed at Sarah, was "charged with attempted assault on the Duchess and assault on a federal agent".[23] Later a State Department press officer stated that "she was unharmed in the incident".[23] In March 1988, the Duke and Duchess of York visited California.[24] The trip was described by two British newspapers as a "brash, vulgar, excessive, weak-humored exhibition by two royals".[24] The couple were defended by city officials of Los Angeles who stated that the criticism was "awful" and offending, and observers described the Duke and his wife's behaviour as friendly, and said that they fulfilled their duties.[24] In May 1989, Sarah went on an official solo trip to Berlin.[25]

The couple became parents on 8 August 1988, with the birth of their daughter, Beatrice. The Duchess suffered from high blood pressure and excessive water retention during her pregnancy.[26] In September, Sarah joined her husband in Australia for an official visit. Her decision to leave her newborn daughter at home in the UK while she was touring the country brought criticism from the press and media.[27] Their second child, another daughter, Eugenie, was born on 23 March 1990 by caesarean section.[28][29] During her marriage, the tabloid press ridiculed the Duchess after her weight climbed to 15 stone 10 pounds (100 kg) (220 lbs) labelling her unflatteringly as the "Duchess of Pork" and "Fat Fergie".[30][26] Sarah later discussed the negative effect of the press stories about her weight on her self-esteem and added that they made her eating disorder worse.[6]

Separation and divorce[edit]

Biographer Sarah Bradford argued in her book that Sarah was unable to deal with her husband's duties as a naval officer which required him to stay away from home for long periods.[31] According to Sarah's account, the couple saw each other 40 days a year in the first five years of their marriage.[32] By 1991, the marriage was in trouble, and the couple had drifted apart. Her friendship with Texan multimillionaire Steve Wyatt gained much publicity when they were photographed together.[33] The Duke and Duchess of York announced their separation on 19 March 1992.[34] Following the separation, the palace announced that the Duchess would no longer carry out public engagements on behalf of the Queen.[34] Furthermore, the Queen announced in a statement that she would not take responsibility for Sarah's debts.[31] The Duchess also separated her residence from her husband and moved to Romenda Lodge in 1992.[35]

The Duchess of York at the Royal Welsh Show, 1991

In August 1992, the British tabloid Daily Mirror published surreptitiously taken photographs of John Bryan, an American financial manager, sucking on the Duchess's toes as she sunbathed topless.[36] The Duchess endured widespread public ridicule, contributing to her further estrangement from the British royal family.[37] In 1995, Prince Andrew's aunt Princess Margaret, who had received a bouquet of flowers sent by Sarah, reportedly wrote in a letter to the Duchess: "You have done more to bring shame on the family than could ever have been imagined".[38]

After four years of official separation, the Duke and Duchess announced the mutual decision to divorce in 1996. In the years after her divorce, the Duchess claimed that she had received £15,000 a year as a divorce settlement and cited her deal as a spokeswoman with Weight Watchers as her main "source of income".[38][39][40] However, subsequent information given by senior officials to The Sunday Telegraph revealed that Sarah had received a lump sum settlement of £3 million.[41][42] The couple shared the custody of their children.[42] In a 2007 interview, as to why they finalised their divorce she said, "I wanted to work; it's not right for a princess of the royal house to be commercial, so Andrew and I decided to make the divorce official so I could go off and get a job."[43]

The decree nisi was granted on 17 April 1996 and the divorce was finalised on 30 May 1996,[44][45] after which she legally retained the style Her Royal Highness with the style of other divorced peeresses, eliminating the preface "The" before "Duchess of York". However, it was announced in April that Sarah had chosen not to use the style Her Royal Highness and would relinquish it under the divorce terms.[44] In accordance with letters patent issued in August 1996 regulating post-divorce royal titles, Sarah formally ceased being a Royal Highness, as she was no longer married to the Duke of York.[46] Her current name, thus, is Sarah, Duchess of York.[31] Should she marry again, Sarah would lose the use of the style of "Duchess of York" (unless she would remarry Prince Andrew).

Since the divorce, Sarah still attends some functions with her daughters, such as the investitures of the Duke of York into the Royal Victorian Order and the Order of the Garter, and Royal Ascot, on those occasions she is afforded the courtesy of treatment as a member of the royal family.[47] The Lord Chamberlain's Diamond Jubilee Guidelines mention the Duchess specifically as being a member of the royal family.[48][49] Sarah even hinted at the idea of remarrying Andrew in several interviews.[50] In August 2013, Sarah was invited to stay at Balmoral Castle with Prince Andrew and their daughters as guests of the Queen, and in September 2013, in response to a question about the possibility of remarrying Andrew, Sarah said, "He's still my handsome prince, he'll always be my handsome prince."[51][52]

She was not invited to the 1999 wedding of Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones as well as the 2011 wedding of Prince William and Catherine Middleton,[53][54][55] but she attended the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in 2018. However, she did not receive an invitation to the evening reception at Frogmore House hosted by Prince Charles, and was reportedly "deeply upset" by her exclusion.[56]

Personal life after divorce[edit]

Sarah at a 1997 Weight Watchers event

After the divorce, the British tabloids became critical of Sarah's lifestyle. In 1995, a baggage handler at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City pleaded guilty to stealing her $382,000 diamond necklace and bracelet.[57][58] The Duchess's commercial interests have included an eleven-year endorsement with Weight Watchers, product development and promotion with Wedgwood and Avon.[59]

Until 2004, the Duke of York and his former wife shared the family's home, Sunninghill Park in Berkshire.[60] That year, the Duke moved to the refurbished Royal Lodge in Windsor Great Park, previously the home of his grandmother, who resided there until her death in 2002. In 2007, the Duchess rented the neighbouring Dolphin House; a fire at Dolphin House in 2008 caused her to vacate the premises and move into Royal Lodge with her former husband.[61][62]

In 2009, Sarah participated in a much-criticised ITV "experiment"[63] in which she joined families in a council estate to advise them on proper living. She stayed for ten days in Northern Moor, a suburb area in Wythenshawe, Manchester, England, and the result was The Duchess on the Estate, transmitted on ITV1 on 18 August 2009. A previous, similar television venture, The Duchess in Hull, in which Sarah advised lower-income families on diet and behaviour, received similar criticism.[64]

Sarah and her daughters in Verbier, 2004

In 2015, the Duchess assumed residence in Verbier, Switzerland, where she and the Duke of York own a £13 million chalet.[62] She applied for Swiss residency in 2016.[65] Sarah also maintains a rented apartment in Eaton Square in London and a room at Royal Lodge.[62][66]

In April 2016, Sarah was named in the Panama Papers.[67]

Debt problems[edit]

In the mid 1990s, the Duchess reportedly had a £4.2 million deficit in her bank account which she paid off by going on "a four-year earning spree" in the US.[41][42]

In 2006, Sarah used the money she had earned from her career as a film producer and writer and founded Hartmoor LLC in the US.[68] A lifestyle company, it was set to help with her "career in publishing, media and public speaking".[69] The company collapsed in 2009, leaving Sarah with a debt of £630,000.[69] Later in the same year, it was revealed that she was in a financial dispute with three firms and in September she was summoned "to court in the UK for unpaid bills".[69] It was reported in August 2010 that the Duchess might declare voluntary bankruptcy with debts of £5 million,[70] though other sources had suggested she owed about £2 million.[71]

In March 2011, it was reported that Jeffrey Epstein had helped the Duchess avoid bankruptcy by paying off some of her debts. The payments were reportedly made after intervention from the Duke of York.[72] In the summer of 2011, Finding Sarah aired on the OWN network. One episode of the U.S.-filmed reality series depicted Sarah meeting with Suze Orman, the internationally known financial advisor, receiving from Orman a strict lecture and practical advice on how to resolve her financial issues.[73]

In May 2020, it was reported that Andrew and Sarah were in a legal dispute over their Swiss chalet as they were unable to pay their £5m debt.[74] Despite claims that the Queen would help with paying the debt, a spokesperson for the Duke of York confirmed that she "will not be stepping in to settle the debt".[75]

Cash for access[edit]

In May 2010, Sarah was filmed by the News of the World offering Mazher Mahmood, an undercover reporter posing as an Indian businessman, access to Prince Andrew for £500,000.[76] On the video made as a documentary source for the story, which is publicly available, Sarah is heard to say that "£500,000 when you can, to me, open doors".[77] She is seen taking away a briefcase containing £40,000 in cash. Exposure surrounding the incident increased Sarah's public profile and notoriety.[78]

Sterling Publishers substantially increased the print run of Ashley Learns About Strangers, the Duchess's latest book for children; however, the notoriety did not translate into additional book sales.[79] In an interview with Oprah Winfrey, Sarah explained her behaviour by saying that she had been drinking prior to soliciting the cash, and was "in the gutter at that moment".[80] She also claimed that her intention was initially to help a friend who "needed $38,000 (£28,000) urgently" but she ultimately asked for more money due to her own financial problems.[81]

In November 2016, it was reported that Sarah intended to sue News Group Newspapers (parent company of the News of the World) and its owner Rupert Murdoch for £25 million in damages citing her "loss in earnings" as well as the subsequent "distress" that the media sting brought to her as the main reasons.[82] In January 2018, it was reported that the actual amount the Duchess was seeking was £45 million.[83]

Criminal charges and international arrest warrant[edit]

On 13 January 2012, the Ministry of Justice of Turkey issued an international arrest warrant for the Duchess. She had travelled to Turkey in 2008, and covertly filmed a Turkish State Orphanage. The Turkish authorities alleged that the Duchess made a false declaration when entering the country (in relation to her motives for visiting Turkey), trespassed into a Turkish Government institution and also invaded the privacy of children.[84] These charges carry sentences of up to 22 years imprisonment. Turkey and Britain have an extradition treaty; however, Home Office officials have stated,

Under UK extradition law a judge must order the discharge of [an extradition request] if it is not an offence under UK law and in the country requesting extradition. In this case there is no offence in UK law so there will be no extradition.[85]

Turkey maintains that the Duchess distorted information about the orphanage and used an isolated incident in a smear campaign against the Republic of Turkey. Turkey invited international human rights organisations to inspect any orphanage of its choosing to show its transparency in relation to the issue.[86][87]

On 5 May 2012, the trial began into the charges brought by the Ankara State Prosecutor's office. Cansu Şahin, representing Ferguson, who was not present, told the Ankara court that her client has apologised and would like to plea-bargain with the prosecution.[88][89]

Charity work[edit]

Since her marriage to Prince Andrew, and continuing after the divorce, Sarah has been involved with a number of charities.

In 1990, the Duchess became patron of the Teenage Cancer Trust. Sarah has since opened most of the charity's various units, including those at Middlesex Hospital, University College London, St James's University Hospital, Cardiff University Hospital and Royal Marsden Hospital.[90] The Duchess began her work with people suffering from motor neurone disease in the 1990s. In her capacity as patron of the Motor Neurone Disease Association, she promoted fundraising campaigns for research about the disease and later became president of the International Alliance for ALS.[91][92] To help and support those affected by drug misuse, she joined therapy sessions at the Chemical Dependency Center and was later made their patron.[92] In 1993, the Duchess founded Children in Crisis, a children's charity focused on education and grant making to international programmes. The Duchess serves as founder and life president.[93] She founded the charity after meeting a young cancer victim named Anya during her visit to Poland in 1992.[94]

In December 1994, the Duchess went to the US to take part in a fundraising event for Peace Links, and launch her own charity, Chances for Children, in the US.[95] Her decision to launch a fundraising event for her charity in the US was criticised by the British press, who claimed that through her Budgie the Little Helicopter series she was "expected to earn 400 million pounds over the next five years, with 3 million pounds a year going into her royal pocket" despite her promise to donate part of her earnings to charity.[95] The claims were denied by Sarah's representative,[95] and she later responded to the criticism by saying, "What you all must understand is that the Budgie books were produced in 1987. That's when I gave a large percentage to charity. ... And maybe after costs, after the animation is made, after everything else and the popcorn and everything else, then perhaps in five to ten years, maybe I might receive a little bit of my percentage, and that I hope will be at that time going back into Chances for Children".[92] "Little Red", the doll that was used as a logo for her American charity, later inspired her to write a series of books named after the doll. The proceeds from selling the doll also went to Chances for Children.[96]

Sarah, Duchess of York, and Dr. Vivian Pinn, NIH associate director for women's health, at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, United States, June 1998

In June 1998, the Duchess made a brief trip to Bethesda to receive an award from the Journal of Women's Health.[97] She also visited the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center.[97] NIH associate director for communications said, "The Duchess has many opportunities to talk to women via television, at lectures and through print media interviews" and was interested "in learning from NIH scientists what major health messages she should deliver to women, based on the research conducted through NIH."[97] The panelists briefed Sarah on medical research topics and major health messages regarding women. Information was shared on the Women's Health Initiative, obesity, breast cancer, and osteoporosis.[97] Sarah, whose elder daughter Beatrice was diagnosed with dyslexia at the age of seven, became a patron of Springboard for Children, a charity that helps students who struggle with reading and writing.[98] Sarah has also described herself as "a little bit dyslexic".[98]

In 2003, the Duchess joined the American Cancer Society at a congressional briefing. Sarah, Duchess of York, was a founding supporter of the American Cancer Society's Great American Weigh In,[99] an annual campaign (modelled after the Society's Great American Smoke Out) aimed at raising awareness of the link between excess weight and cancer. In 2004, Sarah was named the official spokesperson of SOS Children's Villages – USA and in 2005 she became a global ambassador for Ronald McDonald House Charities.[100][101] In 2006, the Duchess established The Sarah Ferguson Foundation[102] based in Toronto, which derives funds from Sarah's commercial work and private donations with the aim of supporting charities internationally that serve children and families in dire need. Included under this umbrella organisation is her patronage and support of several British charities, including Mental Disability Rights International, the African-Caribbean Leukaemia Trust, Tommy's, the Motor Neurone Disease Association, and CARE International.[103] In 2009, it was reported that despite its income of £250,000 over 18 months, the foundation had spent only £14,200 on grants, £6,300 of which was given to the charitable arm of a South African private game reserve owned by Sir Richard Branson, a friend of Sarah's. Following the report, the foundation released a list that showed they spent around $400,000 on donations in 2008.[69]

Sarah, Duchess of York, with Heather Melville and Marcis Skadmanis in Lancaster House, London, June 2017

In 2008, the Duchess became patron of Humanitas, a charity focused on providing children with education, healthcare and family support.[104] In 2010, the Duchess became a supporter of the Mullany Fund,[105] whose aim is to support British students wishing to study medicine or physiotherapy. In 2011, the Duchess became the global ambassador for Not For Sale, a charity focused on human slavery.[106] In 2013, the Duchess, along with her former husband, the Duke of York and their daughters, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, founded Key To Freedom, a business structure for women in vulnerable situations in India who can sell their wares through the British retailer Topshop. In 2014, the Duchess was appointed an ambassador for the Institute of Global Health Innovation at Imperial College London.[107][108] In 2015, the Duchess revealed her connection with India and polo when she attended as a chief guest of HVR Baroda Cup in New Delhi under the invitation of Harshavardhan Reddy, chairman of HVR Sports.[109]

In 2016, the Duchess collaborated with British contemporary artist Teddy M and her daughters, Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie, to create the first ever Royal graffiti. The painting, titled Royal Love, was painted on the lawn of Royal Lodge and features graffiti by the Duchess and Princesses. The painting was exhibited in London at the Masterpiece Art Fair, Chelsea in June/July 2016 and later auctioned at private dinner for a five figure sum. The proceeds from the sale of the painting were donated to the charity, Children in Crisis. British GQ magazine published an exclusive on the creation of the painting.[110] In 2017, Sarah was joined by her daughter Eugenie to mark the second anniversary of the Teenage Cancer Trust unit at Alder Hey Children's Hospital.[111]

On the 25th anniversary of Children in Crisis's foundation in 2018, Sarah said that working with this charity "gave her a sense of perspective and purpose during tough times".[112] The Duchess merged her charity foundation with Street Child, an organisation run by Tom Dannatt in Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Sierra Leone, of which Sarah has become a patron,[112] and her daughters, Beatrice and Eugenie, are the ambassadors.[94]

In June 2019, Sarah became the patron of Natasha Allergy Research Foundation, an organisation founded in honour of Natasha Ednan-Laperouse, who died in 2016 due to an allergic reaction after consuming a sandwich. The Duchess, whose own paternal uncle died following an allergic reaction, was asked by Ednan-Laperouse's parents to become their charity's patron. The organisation is working on a bill called "Natasha's Law", which "requires all food businesses in England and Northern Ireland to list every ingredient in their pre-packaged foods".[113] Later in July, she became an ambassador for the technology infrastructure company Pegasus Group Holdings. The Duchess was chosen to initiate "the company's philanthropic endeavors" as they develop an "off-grid renewable energy data center".[114]

In June 2020, Sarah launched her new charitable foundation called Sarah's Trust. The charity has provided aid for NHS, care home and hospice staff by delivering more than 150,000 items, including food, masks, scrubs, and toiletries.[115] Organisations such as Under One Sky and NOAH Enterprise have helped the foundation by giving sleeping bags to homeless people in the UK. Essentials and supplies have also been sent to Ghana.[116]


Sarah, Duchess of York, at the 2009 Toronto International Film Festival

In May 2004, Sarah hosted an eleven-minute production featurette on Universal's DVD Peter Pan, titled The Legacy of Pan. Five months later, Walt Disney Feature Animation released a special DVD The Cat That Looked at a King, with Sarah's voice in the role of the Queen; the story is derived from the Mary Poppins books by P. L. Travers. Sarah also made a cameo in the American television sitcom Friends in 1998.

Sarah had a producing role (credited as "Sarah Ferguson") in the 2009 Jean-Marc Vallée film The Young Victoria, starring Emily Blunt and featured a background player role for Sarah's daughter Princess Beatrice.[117][118]

It was Sarah who conceived the idea for a film based upon the early years of Queen Victoria. She had been interested in the queen since her marriage to Prince Andrew, and had written two books about her with the help of a historian. The Victoria-Albert relationship in particular drew her into the queen's history, as she believed there were parallels between their marriage and her own with Prince Andrew, as they both "fought for their love" in the midst of public scrutiny.[117]

In 2019, Sarah revealed that she was producing a documentary about Prince Albert's mother Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. The documentary will focus on her life, particularly her separation from her husband Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.[119]

Notable appearances on TV, radio and online platforms[edit]

  • In the United Kingdom:
    • She participated in the programme The Grand Knockout Tournament, informally known as It's a Royal Knockout, on 15 June 1987, in which four teams sponsored by her, the Duke of York, the Princess Royal, and Prince Edward competed for charity. The programme was criticised by the media and the public, and it was later reported that the Queen was not in favour of the event, with her courtiers having advised against it.[120]
    • Regular contributor to BBC Radio 2's primetime lifestyle show Steve Wright.[121]
    • Previously co-produced and served as presenter in a documentary for BBC television called In Search of the Spirit.[122]
    • Travelled to Romania and Turkey for the documentary, Duchess and Daughters: Their Secret Mission, shown on ITV1 on 6 November 2008, investigating poor treatment and conditions in children's institutions in those two countries.[123]
    • 18 August 2009 – The Duchess on the Estate, ITV1 (about Northern Moor, Manchester).[124] Her report on a suburb area in Manchester caused criticism for exaggerating crime in the area.[69]
  • In the United States:
  • On online platforms:
    • In April 2020, Sarah launched a new series on YouTube, called Storytime with Fergie and Friends, in which she and a number of authors, including Nanette Newman and Imogen Edwards-Jones, read stories to children from their homes during the lockdowns due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[128]

Cultural references[edit]

  • The rose cultivar Rosa 'Duchess of York' was named in her honour in 1994.[129]
  • The 2006 title of R&B/Hip Hop singer Stacy "Fergie" Ferguson's debut solo album, The Dutchess (dutchess is a variant spelling of duchess dating to the 17th century[130]) was a reference to the fact that the two are associated with the same surname. According to various media outlets, the Duchess of York called Fergie after the release of her album and remarked: "Fergie, it's Fergie... Now that you've done this, you have to sing at a concert for my foundation, 'Children in Crisis'."[131] Fergie agreed and committed to charity concerts in London and New York City.
  • In February 2007, Sarah was named Mother of the Year by the American Cancer Society.[132]
  • Since 2016, a fictional version of her has been portrayed by Katy Wix in the British sitcom The Windsors.[133]
  • In June 2018, she received the Humanitarian Award at the Filming Italy Sardegna Festival for her work with Children in Crisis.[134]
  • In June 2019, she received the Inspiration of the Year Award at Hello!'s Star Women Awards for her work with charity organisations, including Street Child.[135]
  • In 2020, Sarah was portrayed briefly by English actress Jessica Aquilina in the fourth season of Netflix's The Crown.[136]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 1959–1986: Miss Sarah Ferguson
  • 1986–1996: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York
  • Since 1996: Sarah, Duchess of York

On 21 August 1996, letters patent declared that former wives of British princes, other than widows who did not remarry, were not entitled to the style of Her Royal Highness.[46] Sarah remains a member of the royal family, and is styled Sarah, Duchess of York.[48]





Coat of arms of Sarah, Duchess of York
Coat of Arms of Sarah, Duchess of York, 1986-1996.svg
Prior to her divorce, Sarah's coat of arms were her father's coat of arms impaled with the arms of her then husband Prince Andrew, Duke of York. Since her divorce, Sarah's coat of arms have been her father's arms on a lozenge which hangs from a pink ribbon.[139] These are similar to her arms prior to her marriage, which were also used by her sisters.
Coronet of a Child of the Sovereign
Coat of Arms of Sarah Ferguson.svg
Quarterly 1st and 4th gules three lions passant guardant in pale or 2nd or a lion rampant gules within a double tressure flory counterflory gules 3rd azure a harp or stringed argent; impaled with a shield Or, growing out of a mound between two leaves three thistle stalks Vert blossomed Purpure all conjoined in base, alighting on the middle blossom a honeybee Or and Sable winged Argent.
Dexter a lion rampant gardant Or imperially crowned proper, sinister a unicorn argent, armed, crined and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or.
(Latin: From adversity grows happiness)


Name Birth Marriage
Date Spouse
Princess Beatrice of York 8 August 1988 17 July 2020 Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
Princess Eugenie of York 23 March 1990 12 October 2018 Jack Brooksbank


  • Budgie the Little Helicopter books and 1994 animated children's television series:
    • 1989, Budgie the Little Helicopter ISBN 978-0671676834
    • 1989, Budgie at Bendick's Point ISBN 978-0689808494
    • 1991, Budgie and the Blizzard
    • 1992, The Adventures of Budgie ISBN 978-0671792497
    • 1995, Budgie Books – S and S USA ISBN 978-0750096638
    • 1996, Budgie Goes to Sea ISBN 978-0689808500
  • For young girls:
  • Lifestyle books with Weight Watchers:
  • Little Red series:
  • Helping Hand Books:
  • About Queen Victoria:
  • Autobiographies and memoirs:
  • 1988, A Guard Within ISBN 978-0394758343
  • 1989, Skiing from the Inside: The Self-help Guide to Mastering the Slopes ISBN 978-0671697112
  • 2003, What I Know Now: Simple Lessons Learned the Hard Way ISBN 978-1416578413
  • 2003, Moments. The Duchess published a collection of her photographs in an art book, sold only in Britain, with all proceeds benefiting her UK-based charity, Children in Crisis.
  • 2008, Tea for Ruby ISBN 978-1442426337
  • 2008, Hartmoor, ISBN 978-1405054126
  • 2012, Ballerina Rosie ISBN 978-1442430679


  1. ^ Weir, Alison (1996). Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy (Revised ed.). London: Pimlico. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-7126-7448-5.
  2. ^ "Major Ronald Ferguson dies". BBC News. 17 March 2003. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  3. ^ "Hector Barrantes, Duchess of York's Stepfather, 51 – Obituary". New York Times. Reuters. 12 August 1990. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  4. ^ Dennis Barker (18 March 2003). "Obituary: Major Ronald Ferguson, UK news". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k DeYoung, Karen (22 July 1986). "Fergie: Bedlam Over the Bride". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b Harris, Paul (26 October 2002). "Fergie: How food became my only friend". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Smith, Terry; Sanderson Healy, Laura (7 April 1986). "Fantastic Fergie". People. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
  8. ^ Crofts Peerage, Powerscourt, Viscount (I, 1743) Archived 27 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Crofts Peerage, Leicester, Earl of (UK, 1837) Archived 4 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Crofts Peerage, Sussex, Earl of (E, 1674–1715)
  11. ^ Crofts Peerage, Dacre, Baron (E, 1321)
  12. ^ Regan, Mary (14 October 2006). "'Duchess of Cork' embraces Irish roots". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  13. ^ David Banks, Sarah Ferguson, the royal redhead (Dillon Press, 1987), p. 14: "From Daneshill School, she went to a private girls' boarding school called Hurst Lodge."
  14. ^ Barcelona, Ainhoa (11 February 2016). "Sarah, Duchess of York applies to become permanent resident of Switzerland". Hello!. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Latest news and profile of Sarah Ferguson". Hello!. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  16. ^ Cochrane, Kira (24 May 2010). "Why I feel sorry for Sarah Ferguson". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  17. ^ "History – Prince Andrew's wedding (pictures, video, facts & news)". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  18. ^ "Iconic Weddings – Sarah Ferguson and Prince Andrew". Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  19. ^ "Royal Engagement Rings". Brilliant Earth. 20 February 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson's relationship and family, in pictures". The Daily Telegraph. 18 September 2018. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Duchess of York Fulfills Pledge To Fly Helicopter Like Husband". Associated Press News. 14 December 1987. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  22. ^ "Fergie Fulfills Vow, Wins Her Wings as a Helicopter Pilot". Los Angeles Times. 14 December 1987. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  23. ^ a b c "Duchess of York Unharmed After Attempted Attack in New York". AP News Archive. 22 January 1988. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  24. ^ a b c "Fergie, Andy, L.A. Still Loves You". Los Angeles Times. 14 March 1988. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
  25. ^ "'Fergie' in Berlin". Tulsa World. 25 May 1989. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  26. ^ a b Kaufman, Joanne; Cooper, Jonathan; Thorpe-Tracey, Rosemary (29 August 1988). "For Fergie, Mum's the Word". People. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  27. ^ Longworth, R.C. (26 October 1988). "Fergie Is Returning Home To Baby-Oh, Dear! Now What Will Press". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  28. ^ Farrell, Mary H.J.; Cooper, Jonathan; Smith, Terry; Thorpe-Tracey, Rosemary (16 April 1990). "Bringing Baby Home". People. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Royal Couple Unveil Baby and Her Name—Eugenie". Los Angeles Times. 30 March 1990. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  30. ^ [1] Pam Schmid, "Painful Past Long Gone", McClatchy-Tribune News Service, 25 February 2007
  31. ^ a b c Moseley, Ray (17 April 1996). "Andrew-fergie Union: Another Royal Divorce". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  32. ^ Kindelan, Katie (11 May 2011). "Sarah Ferguson Reveals Her Road to Recovery in Documentary on OWN, Oprah Winfrey Network". ABC News. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  33. ^ " – Royals, Part 3: Troubled times – 3 June 2002". CNN. 3 June 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  34. ^ a b "1992: Fergie and Andrew split". BBC News. 19 March 1992.
  35. ^ Kenny, Peter (23 August 1992). "Duchess of York leaves queen's holiday home". UPI Archives. Retrieved 6 December 2020. ... she was driven through the gates of her rented home at Romenda Lodge.
  36. ^ Oakley, Nicola (8 October 2018). "The toe-sucking photo that drove Sarah Ferguson out of the royal family". Daily Mirror. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  37. ^ "From outcast to US princess: Fergie at 40". BBC News. 15 October 1999. Retrieved 4 May 2010. The infamous toe-sucking incident, which came while the duchess was still married to Prince Andrew, outraged the British public...
  38. ^ a b Alderson, Andrew (7 August 2010). "Revealed: how the Duchess of York was led to the brink of ruin". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  39. ^ Adam, Karla (25 May 2010). "Will Sarah Ferguson's fall from royal favor be permanent this time?". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  40. ^ Greene, Leonard (2 June 2010). "Broke Fergie admits princess complex". The New York Post. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  41. ^ a b Alderson, Andrew; Mendick, Robert (29 May 2010). "Duchess of York's divorce settlement was worth £3 million". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  42. ^ a b c Glauber, Bill (17 April 1996). "Now Fergie gets to walk royal plank Party's over: Attorneys in London announce divorce of Prince Andrew and Sarah, ending their nearly 10-year marriage". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  43. ^ Collins, Nancy (2007). "Sarah Ferguson: Diana, the Queen and I". Harper's Bazaar. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  44. ^ a b Victor, Peter (17 April 1996). "Yorks bring marriage to an end". The Independent. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  45. ^ "It's Over: Divorce Final for Fergie and Prince Andrew". Associated Press. 30 May 1996. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  46. ^ a b "No. 54510". The London Gazette. 30 August 1996. p. 11603.
  47. ^ Rayner, Gordon (19 June 2015). "Duchess of York completes reconciliation with royal family as she curtseys to the Queen at Ascot". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  48. ^ a b "The Royal Family" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  49. ^ a b "Use of the Royal Arms". Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  50. ^ "Fergie: "Charles abandoned me"". BBC News Online. London. 16 October 1999. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  51. ^ Wilson, Christopher (12 August 2013). "Her Majesty requests... the presence of Fergie". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  52. ^ Furness, Hannah (29 September 2013). "Duchess of York hints of remarriage to Prince Andrew and says 'he'll always be my prince.'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 October 2013.
  53. ^ "Charles abandoned me – Fergie". BBC News. 16 October 1999. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  54. ^ "Royal wedding: Couple invite 1,900 guests". BBC News. 20 February 2011.
  55. ^ Quinn, Ben (10 May 2011). "Sarah Ferguson tells Oprah Winfrey: 'Diana and I both weren't there'". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  56. ^ Brean, Joseph (10 May 2018). "Sarah, Duchess of York 'deeply upset' over snub from 'inner sanctum' royal wedding party". National Post.
  57. ^ "Jewels Stolen From Duchess of York". Los Angeles Times. 6 December 1995. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  58. ^ "Man Pleads Guilty in Theft of Duchess of York's Diamonds". The New York Times. 27 March 1996. Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  59. ^ "Sarah Ferguson, Duchess of York". The Mullany Fund. Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  60. ^ Bates, Stephen (1 March 2009). "From royal fairytale to crumbling eyesore: the mystery of Prince Andrew's old home". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  61. ^ "Bathroom blaze in Royal household". BBC. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  62. ^ a b c "Sarah Ferguson moves to £13 million Alpine home". The Telegraph. 4 August 2015. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  63. ^ "Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson Stays in Northern Moor Council Estate to Promote Community Spirit". Sky News. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  64. ^ Banks-Smith, Nancy (20 May 2008). "Last night's TV: The Duchess in Hull". The Guardian. London.
  65. ^ Finnigan, Lexi (11 February 2016). "Sarah Ferguson applies for Swiss residency after moving to her £13m ski chalet". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  66. ^ Hyde, Marina (1 April 2016). "Duchess Fergie's lifestyle makes her app-y". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  67. ^ "From Kubrick to Cowell: Panama Papers expose offshore dealings of the stars". The Guardian. 6 April 2016.
  68. ^ Dorning, Ann-Marie (30 September 2009). "Sarah Ferguson: Indebted Duchess Comes Clean". ABC News. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  69. ^ a b c d e Mendick, Robert; Doran, James (3 October 2009). "Revealed: Duchess of York's US firm collapses with $1m debts". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  70. ^ Alderson, Andrew (7 August 2010). "The Duchess of York faces bankruptcy over her £5m debts". The Sunday Telegraph. UK. Retrieved 8 August 2010.
  71. ^ Percival, Jenny (8 August 2010). "Sarah Ferguson faces bankruptcy after running up debts of millions". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 24 May 2010.
  72. ^ Rayner, Gordon (6 March 2011). "Duke of York 'appealed to Jeffrey Epstein to help Duchess pay debt'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  73. ^ Stanley, Alessandra (9 June 2011). "You Can Feel Her Pain". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 September 2013.
  74. ^ "Prince Andrew to face legal case over reported £5m ski chalet debt". The Guardian. 7 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  75. ^ Badshah, Nadeem (1 June 2020). "Queen will not pick up chalet debt, says Prince Andrew". The Times. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  76. ^ Gray, Sadie (23 May 2010). "Duchess of York 'devastated' by tabloid sting". The Times. UK. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  77. ^ "Duchess of York 'wanted cash for Prince Andrew access'". BBC. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
  78. ^ "Ex-U.K. royal 'sorry' amid cash-for-access sting". NBC News. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  79. ^ "Duchess of York – Debt Swallowing Fergie?". National Ledger. 30 May 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  80. ^ "Ferguson Drinking Admission – Fergie 'In the Gutter' on Video". National Ledger. 1 June 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  81. ^ "'Out of control' Sarah Ferguson tells Oprah she needed money to help out friend". Hello!. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  82. ^ Davies, Caroline (20 November 2016). "Duchess of York seeks £25m damages over Mazher Mahmood sting". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  83. ^ Rawlinson, Kevin (21 January 2018). "Sarah Ferguson claims £45m in damages from Murdoch's News Group". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  84. ^ "Fergie Charged Over Turkish Documentary". Sky News. 12 January 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  85. ^ Rayner, Gordon (13 January 2012). "Duchess of York evades extradition over TV row". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  86. ^ "Duchess of York cancels U.S. trip, raises questions -". CNN. 17 January 2012.
  87. ^ Wardrop, Murray (16 January 2012). "Turkish government presses ahead with case against Duchess of York despite extradition doubts". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  88. ^ "Fergie scrambles over doco charge". 5 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012.
  89. ^ "Duchess of York on trial for filming orphanages in Turkey". News Track India. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  90. ^ "Patrons". Teenage Cancer Trust. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  91. ^ "The Duchess of York, patron of the Motor Neuron Disease Association, arriving at Brunel University, west London to launch Motor neurone Disease week- a nation-wide fund raising and public awareness campaign". Alamy. 24 April 1991. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  92. ^ a b c "Duchess of York Philanthropies". C-SPAN. 7 December 1994. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  93. ^ "Our Trustees, Presidents and Patrons". Children in Crisis. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  94. ^ a b Ferguson, Sarah (13 July 2018). "Sarah Ferguson: Street Child can take the work I started 25 years ago to even more children". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  95. ^ a b c Roberts, Roxanne; Gribble, Bebe (7 December 1994). "The Duchess of York, Finding Her Niche". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  96. ^ Morales, Tatiana (22 September 2003). "Duchess Pens Story Of 'Little Red'". CBS News. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  97. ^ a b c d Roa, Gregory (28 July 1998). "Fergie Gets Royal Treatment at NIH". National Institutes of Health. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  98. ^ a b "Princess Beatrice 'has dyslexia'". BBC. 22 March 2005. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  99. ^ "The American Cancer Society's Great American Weigh In". American Cancer Society. Archived from the original on 31 March 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  100. ^ "Sarah Ferguson". SOS Children's Villages – USA. Archived from the original on 18 September 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  101. ^ "Celebrity Support". McDonald's Corporation. Archived from the original on 30 November 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
  102. ^ "The Sarah Ferguson Foundation". The Sarah Ferguson Foundation. 23 September 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  103. ^ "Sarah, Duchess of York". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  104. ^ "Patrons". Humanitas. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  105. ^ "About Us". The Mullany Fund. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  106. ^ "CONFIRMED: The Duchess of York will Speak at the Global Forum". Not for Sale. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014.
  107. ^ "Duchess of York on food fight". – Xposé Entertainment. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  108. ^ Potempa, Philip (2 May 2015). "Royal subjects: Duchess of York Sarah Ferguson opens up about life outside of castle walls". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  109. ^ Bhatial, Saloni (14 November 2015). "Asharaje Gaekwad hosts HVR Baroda Cup Polo tournament at the Jaipur Polo Grounds in Delhi". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  110. ^ Quilty-Harper, Conrad (3 June 2016). "Teddy M on The Creation of 'Royal Love' with The Duchess of York and Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie". GQ Magazine. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
  111. ^ Victoria Howard. "Teenage Cancer Trust unit celebrates 2nd birthday with Eugenie & Sarah". The Crown Chronicles. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  112. ^ a b Prynn, Jonathan (13 July 2018). "Sarah Ferguson hails 25 years of Children in Crisis charity: 'It saved my life'". MSN UK. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  113. ^ Nolasco, Stephanie (26 June 2019). "Sarah Ferguson says her father 'was never the same' after her uncle died from an allergic reaction to a sandwich". Fox News. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  114. ^ "Pegasus Group Holdings Engages Sarah Ferguson, The Duchess of York, to Be Their New Brand Ambassador". PR Newswire. 24 July 2019. Retrieved 7 August 2019.
  115. ^ Murphy, Victoria (3 June 2020). "Sarah Ferguson, Princess Beatrice, and Princess Eugenie Organize Thousands of COVID-19 Relief Donations". Town & Country. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  116. ^ Shipley, Diane (3 June 2020). "Sarah Ferguson's exciting news revealed during lockdown". Hello!. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  117. ^ a b Bruni, Frank (10 December 2009). "Duchess of York as Film Producer". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
  118. ^ Jordan, Mary (20 December 2009). "With her film 'The Young Victoria,' Sarah Ferguson reinvents herself yet again". The Washington Post. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
  119. ^ "Sarah Ferguson brings to light one of the royal family's saddest tales". 24 June 2019. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  120. ^ Ben Pimlott "Polishing Their Image", extract from The Queen, HarperCollins (1996) reprinted on the PBS Frontline webpage
  121. ^ "Sarah Ferguson & Steve Wright". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  122. ^ "Duchess in search of the spirit". BBC. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  123. ^ "WikiLeaks cables: We can't control Duchess of York, David Miliband told angry Turks". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  124. ^ "Sarah Ferguson's documentary is a very poor show". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  125. ^ "Interview With Sarah Ferguson". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  126. ^ "Friends: The One With Ross's Wedding (1)". Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  127. ^ "Sarah Ferguson, the Duchess of York, Comes to Own: The Oprah Winfrey Network in a Six Part Series 'Finding Sarah'". The Futon Critic. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
  128. ^ "Storytime with Fergie and Friends". Sarah Ferguson. YouTube. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  129. ^ "'Duchess of York' rose Description". Help Me Find. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  130. ^ ""Dutchess" And "Duchess" Once More". The New York Times. 23 September 1899.
  131. ^ Beggy, Carol; Shanahan, Mark (16 November 2006). "Clarke takes a pass on 'Game Plan' shot – The Boston Globe". Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  132. ^ "Ferguson to be named Mother of the Year by cancer society". Online Athens. 6 February 2007. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  133. ^ Betts, Hannah (19 May 2018). "The ups and downs of 'Her Royal-Naffness' Fergie – and why she's smarting over wedding 'snub'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 December 2020. As in the brilliant Channel 4 satire, The Windsors, the duchess seems to make a habit of turning up fresh from some new, mortifying escapade – now fixed in the collective consciousness as issuing actress Katy Wix's fabulously throaty "Hullo, girls" in greeting.
  134. ^ Sarah Ferguson [@SarahTheDuchess] (16 June 2018). "So honoured and humbled to receive the Humanitarian Filming Italy Sardegna Award" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  135. ^ Pullar, Jess (26 June 2019). "Sarah Ferguson brings crowd to tears after delivering an emotional speech". MSN. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  136. ^ "Meet The Crown's new cast of characters: From Princess Diana to Sarah Ferguson". Evening Standard. 10 November 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  137. ^ Iddon, Brian (30 January 2015). Science & Politics: An Unlikely Mixture. Memoirs Publishing. p. 178. ISBN 9781861513663. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  138. ^ Fellah, Nesserine (13 July 2016). "Britain's Duchess of York gets university role linked to charity for women in India". Thomson Reuters Foundation. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  139. ^ Maclagan, Michael; Louda, Jiří (1999). Line of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe. London: Little, Brown & Co. p. 31. ISBN 1-85605-469-1.

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Edinburgh
Chancellor of the University of Salford
Succeeded by
Professor Sir Walter Bodmer