SeaGen

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SeaGen
SeaGen installed.jpg
Commercial tidal stream generator — SeaGen — in Strangford Lough. The strong wake shows the power in the tidal current.
Location of SeaGen in Northern Ireland
CountryNorthern Ireland, United Kingdom
LocationStrangford Narrows between Strangford and Portaferry
Coordinates54°22′7.2″N 5°32′45.8″W / 54.368667°N 5.546056°W / 54.368667; -5.546056Coordinates: 54°22′7.2″N 5°32′45.8″W / 54.368667°N 5.546056°W / 54.368667; -5.546056
StatusDecommissioned
Commission dateApril 2008
Decommission dateJuly 25 2019
Owner(s)SIMEC Atlantis Energy Limited
Operator(s)Jeremy Rogers Ryan biggs
EmployeesCuan marine services
Tidal power station
Power generation
Units decommissioned2 x 0.6MW
Nameplate capacity1.2 MW
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

SeaGen was the world's first large scale commercial tidal stream generator.[1][2][3] It was four times more powerful than any other tidal stream generator in the world at the time of installation.[4] It was successfully decommissioned by SIMEC Atlantis Energy Limited in summer 2019, having exported 11.6GWh to the grid since 2008.[5]

The first SeaGen generator was installed in Strangford Narrows between Strangford and Portaferry in Northern Ireland. Strangford Lough was also the site of the very first known tide mill in the world, the Nendrum Monastery mill where remains dating from 787 have been excavated.

History[edit]

The SeaGen rotors can be raised above the surface for maintenance.
SeaGen's predecessor, the 300 kW 'SeaFlow' turbine off the north coast of Devon

Marine Current Turbines, the developer of SeaGen, demonstrated first prototype of tidal stream generator in 1994 with a 15 kilowatt system in Loch Linnhe, off the west coast of Scotland. In May 2003, the prototype for SeaGen, 'SeaFlow', was installed off the coast of Lynmouth, North Devon, England.[6] Seaflow was a single rotor turbine which generated 300 kW but was not connected to the grid. SeaFlow was the world's first offshore tidal generator, and remained the world's largest until SeaGen was installed.[7]

The first SeaGen generator was installed in Strangford Narrows between Strangford and Portaferry in Northern Ireland, in April 2008 and was connected to the grid in July 2008.[8] It generated 1.2 MW for between 18 and 20 hours a day while the tides are forced in and out of Strangford Lough through the Narrows.[6]

During the commissioning of the system a software error caused the blades of one of the turbines to be damaged. This left the turbine operating at half power until autumn 2008.[9] Full power operation was finally achieved on 18 December 2008.[10]

The system was removed in stages between 2016 and 2019,[11][5] after Siemens sold the company and technology to rival Atlantis Resources (now SIMEC Atlantis Energy) in 2015.[12]

Technology[edit]

SeaGen generator weighed 300 t (300 long tons).[3][13] each driving a generator through a gearbox like a hydro-electric or wind turbine. These turbines have a patented feature by which the rotor blades can be pitched through 180 degrees allowing them to operate in both flow directions – on ebb and flood tides. The company claims a capacity factor of 0.59 (average of the last 2000 hours). The power units of each system are mounted on arm-like extensions either side of a tubular steel monopile some 3 metres (9.8 ft) in diameter and the arms with the power units can be raised above the surface for safe and easy maintenance access.[1] The SeaGen was built at Belfast's Harland and Wolff's shipyards.[14]

Environmental impact[edit]

400 million gallons of water flow in and out of Strangford Lough twice a day.

SeaGen has been licensed to operate over a period of 5 years, during which there will be a comprehensive environmental monitoring programme to determine the precise impact on the marine environment.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Douglas, C.A.; Harrison, G.P.; Chick, J.P. (2008). "Life cycle assessment of the Seagen marine current turbine" (PDF). Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment. Professional Engineering Publishing. 222 (1): 1–12. doi:10.1243/14750902JEME94. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  2. ^ "The rise of British sea power". The Independent. 2008-03-23. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  3. ^ a b Julian Rush (2008-03-31). "Power generation: the new wave". Channel 4. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  4. ^ Arthur Strain (2008-02-08). "Sea change for energy generation". BBC. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  5. ^ a b "Atlantis Successfully Decommissions 1.2 MW SeaGen Tidal System in Industry First". SIMEC Atlantis Energy. 2019-07-26. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  6. ^ a b Brittany Sauser (2008-07-29). "Tidal Power Comes to Market. A large-scale tidal-power unit has started up in Northern Ireland". Technology Review Inc., Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  7. ^ "Case Studies for Schools: Tidal Power". Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  8. ^ First connection to the grid
  9. ^ "Delay in commissioning one of SeaGen's rotors". Marine Current Turbines. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  10. ^ "Tidal energy system on full power". BBC. 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2009-06-25.
  11. ^ "Strangford tidal energy turbine to be removed". BBC. 2016-01-27. Retrieved 2017-06-25.
  12. ^ "Atlantis strikes deal to acquire marine energy tech company from Siemens". Hydro Review. 2015-05-01. Retrieved 2018-02-05.
  13. ^ "World's first as £12m turbine installed in Strangford Lough". Belfast Telegraph. 2008-03-31. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  14. ^ Henry McDonald (2008-03-31). "Tidal power comes to Northern Ireland". Guardian. Retrieved 2008-07-30.
  15. ^ David G Erwin. "Environmental monitoring, liaison and consultation concerning the MCT Strangford Lough Turbine" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-11. Retrieved 2008-07-10. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External links[edit]