Selwyn (New Zealand electorate)

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Selwyn electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Selwyn is a current electorate in the New Zealand House of Representatives, composed of towns on the outskirts of Christchurch city. The electorate was first formed for the 1866 election and has been abolished three times during its history. It was last re-established for the 2008 election and has since been held by Amy Adams for the National Party.

Region and population centres[edit]

The electorate is mainly rural, stretching from the Southern Alps to the Banks Peninsula, its borders broadly defined by the Rakaia River in the south and the Waimakariri River in the north. Major towns include Rolleston, Lincoln, Prebbleton, and Darfield, with smaller towns such as Tai Tapu, Leeston and Dunsandel. The electorate also includes parts of Christchurch city's territorial authority.

History[edit]

Existence and changes to area[edit]

An electorate called Selwyn existed between 1866 and 1919. A Selwyn electorate also existed between 1946 and 1972 and again from 1978 until it was absorbed by Rakaia for the first MMP election in 1996.[1] The latest version of the Selwyn electorate was created for the 2008 election. This followed a review of electoral boundaries conducted after the 2006 Census, because of a general northwards population movement in the South Island. Even though the number of South Island electorates is fixed, the decline in the population of electorates from Rakaia south has resulted in the boundaries of electorates from Invercargill north to Rakaia shifting further northwards.

Due to the rapid growth of Selwyn relative to Christchurch (which lost population after the earthquakes), the 2013 redistribution had Selwyn losing Halswell and Westmorland to Port Hills and Harewood to Waimakariri while regaining the towns of Rakaia and Chertsey back from Rangitata.[2] Data from the 2018 census showed Selywn's population had continued to grow – it had the largest discrepancy of any electorate – and so the electorate would need to lose further area for the 2020 boundaries.[3] It shed an area around Hornby South to Wigram, the Banks Peninsula to the recreated Banks Peninsula, the area west of the Rakaia to Rangitata, and an area around Christchurch Airport to Ilam.[4]

Voting history[edit]

The dominant topic for the 1875 election was the abolition of the Provinces. William Reeves, the incumbent, favoured the retention of the provincial system of government, while his opponent, Cecil Fitzroy, was an abolitionist. Fitzroy, who was 31 years old and 20 years Reeves' junior, narrowly won the election.[5][6] Edward Lee acted as returning officer for the election.[7]

In the 1879 election, John Hall was returned unopposed.[8] In the 1881 election, Hall beat R. Lockhead by 467 to 169 votes.[9][10]

In the 1890 election, Alfred Saunders, Thomas Hamilton Anson, and William Jerrington Popple received 536, 485 and 237 votes, respectively.[11]

The electorate is one of the National Party's safest seats. National have held the seat, whenever it has existed since it was first recreated in 1946. The incumbent MP is Amy Adams, who has received between 60% and 70% of the electorate vote in the four elections since its latest recreation in 2008. In 2011, the candidate for the other major New Zealand party, Labour, received less than 11% of the electoral vote and came third, behind the Greens in the 2011 election. In that election, the only polling booths where Adams didn't receive the most votes were Arthur's Pass and Diamond Harbour.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key:

 Independent    Conservative    Reform    Liberal    National    Green  

Election Winner
1866 election Edward Stevens
1871 election William Reeves
1875 election Cecil Fitzroy
1879 election John Hall
1881 election
1883 by-election Edward Lee
1884 by-election Edward Wakefield
1884 election
1887 election John Hall
1890 election Alfred Saunders
1893 election
1896 election Cathcart Wason
1899 election Charles Hardy
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election
1911 election William Dickie
1914 election
(Electorate abolished 1919–1946)
1946 election John McAlpine
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Colin McLachlan
1969 election
(Electorate abolished 1972–1978, see Rakaia)
1978 election Colin McLachlan
1981 election Ruth Richardson
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1994 by-election David Carter
(Electorate abolished 1996–2008,
see Banks Peninsula & Rakaia)
2008 election Amy Adams
2011 election
2014 election
2017 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Selwyn electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
2011 election Eugenie Sage

Election results[edit]

2017 election[edit]

2017 general election: Selwyn[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Amy Adams 28,686 65.86 -4.11 26,003 59.00 -4.58
Labour Tony Condon 9,047 20.77 +9.22 11,508 26.11 +13.14
Green Chrys Horn 2,772 6.36 -5.19 2,339 5.30 -5.60
NZ First Lindy Michelle Palmer 1,345 3.08 -2.15 2,440 5.53 -1.42
Opportunities Nicky Snoyink 1,270 2.91 1,131 2.56
ACT Brian Davidson 198 0.45 +0.21 201 0.45 +0.06
New Conservative   87 0.2 -3.29
Legalise Cannabis   79 0.2 -0.13
Māori   75 0.17 -0.14
Ban 1080   41 0.09 -0.13
Outdoors   36 0.08
United Future   32 0.07 -0.17
People's Party   11 0.02
Internet   6 0.01 -0.5[a]
Democrats   3 0.01 -0.02
Mana   2 0 -0.51[b]
Informal votes 235 74
Total Valid votes 43,553 44,068
National hold Majority 19,639 45.09 -13.33

2014 election[edit]

2014 general election: Selwyn[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Amy Adams 24,625 69.97 +0.83 22,809 63.58 +0.93
Green Peter Selwyn Hill 4,064 11.55 +1.37 3,910 10.90 -0.54
Labour Gordon John Dickson 3,835 10.90 -4.37 4,654 12.97 -3.15
NZ First Bill Woods 1,841 5.23 +1.69 2,494 6.95 +2.20
New Conservative Roger Clibborn 619 1.76 -0.12 1,253 3.49 +1.03
Māori Sheryl Gardyne 129 0.37 +0.37 111 0.31 -0.06
ACT Paul Gilbert 83 0.24 +0.24 139 0.39 -0.52
Internet Mana   184 0.51 +0.37
Legalise Cannabis   120 0.33 +0.00
United Future   87 0.24 -0.45
Ban 1080   78 0.22 +0.22
Civilian   16 0.04 +0.04
Democrats   10 0.03 -0.01
Focus   5 0.01 +0.01
Independent Coalition   5 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 182 65
Total Valid votes 35,196 35,875
National hold Majority 20,561 58.42 +4.54

2011 election[edit]

2011 general election: Selwyn[14]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Amy Adams 24,963 69.14 +8.65 23,086 62.65 +7.74
Labour Jo McLean 5,512 15.27 -14.54 5,942 16.12 -9.49
Green Eugenie Sage 3,674 10.18 +10.18 4,215 11.44 +3.91
NZ First Bill Woods 1,277 3.54 +3.54 1,750 4.75 +1.71
New Conservative Wilton Gray 677 1.88 +1.88 906 2.46 +2.46
ACT   336 0.91 -2.77
United Future   256 0.69 -0.45
Māori   137 0.37 -0.04
Legalise Cannabis   123 0.33 +0.07
Mana   52 0.14 +0.14
Alliance   24 0.07 +0.02
Democrats   13 0.04 +0.02
Libertarianz   11 0.03 +0.01
Informal votes 526 192
Total Valid votes 36,103 36,851
National hold Majority 19,451 53.88 +23.20

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 46,937[15]

2008 election[edit]

2008 general election: Selwyn[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Amy Adams 21,836 60.49 20,141 54.91
Labour David Coates 10,761 29.81 9,395 25.61
Progressive Philippa Main 1,316 3.65 672 1.83
Independent Bill Woods 603 1.67
ACT Ivor Watson 539 1.49 1,350 3.68
Family Party Samuel Dennis 493 1.37 141 0.38
Kiwi Eleanor Williamson 296 0.82 191 0.52
United Future Victoria Norman 253 0.70 421 1.15
Green   2,761 7.53
NZ First   1,115 3.04
Bill and Ben   201 0.55
Māori   151 0.41
Legalise Cannabis   97 0.26
Alliance   17 0.05
Libertarianz   8 0.02
Democrats   7 0.02
Workers Party   5 0.01
RAM   3 0.01
Pacific   2 0.01
RONZ   1 0.00
Informal votes 409 155
Total Valid votes 36,097 36,679
National win new seat Majority 11,075 30.68

1994 by-election[edit]

A by-election was held following the resignation of Ruth Richardson.[17]

1994 Selwyn by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National David Carter 8,906 42.32
Alliance John Wright 8,488 40.33
Labour Marian Hobbs 2,173 10.33
NZ First Tim Shadbolt 1,165 5.54
Christian Heritage Rosemary Francis 182 0.86
NORML Warren Bryson 39 0.19
Kiwis Against Further Immigration Bruce Annan 29 0.14
McGillicuddy Serious Tim Owens 26 0.12
Natural Law Warwick Jones 22 0.10
NZ Coalition Kieron Daok 10 0.05
Christ's Ambassadors Union Victor Bryer 2 0.01
Majority 418 1.99
Turnout 21,042

1993 election[edit]

1993 general election: Selwyn[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ruth Richardson 9,463 41.23 -12.89
Labour Ron Mark 8,575 37.36
Alliance John McCaskey 2,898 12.62
NZ First Brooke McKenzie 1,496 6.51
Christian Heritage Gordon Dennis 425 1.85 +0.91
Natural Law Russell Mack 92 0.40
Majority 888 3.86 -22.47
Turnout 22,949 84.48 -0.14
Registered electors 27,162

1990 election[edit]

1990 general election: Selwyn[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ruth Richardson 11,183 54.12 -0.88
Labour Val Elley 5,742 27.79
Green Chris Newsom 1,693 8.19
NewLabour Maevis Watson 1,246 6.03
Democrats Jonathan Palmer 227 1.09 -2.19
McGillicuddy Serious Steve Richards 225 1.08
Independent National Gordon Dennis 195 0.94 -0.05
Social Credit Kieron Daok 151 0.73
Majority 5,441 26.33 +11.14
Turnout 20,662 84.62 -3.32
Registered electors 24,416

1987 election[edit]

1987 general election: Selwyn[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ruth Richardson 10,720 55.00 +5.02
Labour Bill Woods 7,758 39.80
Democrats Jonathan Palmer 640 3.28
Independent National Gordon Dennis 194 0.99
Wizard Party Cyril Walker 177 0.90
Majority 2,962 15.19 -3.80
Turnout 19,489 87.94 -10.61
Registered electors 22,160

1984 election[edit]

1984 general election: Selwyn[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ruth Richardson 10,076 49.98 +2.55
Labour Charles Manning 6,247 30.98
NZ Party Murray MacDonald 2,859 14.18
Social Credit James Gribben 977 4.84 -10.92
Majority 3,829 18.99 +8.36
Turnout 20,159 98.55 +8.75
Registered electors 20,455

1981 election[edit]

1981 general election: Selwyn[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Ruth Richardson 9,496 47.43
Labour Bill Woods 7,367 36.79 -1.84
Social Credit James Gribben 3,157 15.76 +1.97
Majority 2,129 10.63
Turnout 20,020 89.80 +23.86
Registered electors 22,293

1978 election[edit]

1978 general election: Selwyn[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Colin McLachlan 8,335 45.33
Labour Bill Woods 7,103 38.63
Social Credit James Gribben 2,537 13.79
Values A G Fairweather 411 2.23
Majority 1,232 6.70
Turnout 18,386 65.94
Registered electors 27,882

1966 election[edit]

1966 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Colin McLachlan 7,374 52.46
Labour Thomas Kelvin Campbell 4,777 33.99
Social Credit Maurice McConnell 1,903 13.54
Majority 2,597 18.47
Turnout 14,054 84.95 -2.57
Registered electors 16,542

1963 election[edit]

1963 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 8,164 56.41 +0.17
Labour Francis Edward Smith 4,793 33.12
Social Credit Ronald Henry Morton 942 6.50 -0.73
Liberal Eric Lester May 572 3.95
Majority 3,371 23.29 +3.57
Turnout 14,471 87.52 -2.03
Registered electors 16,534

1960 election[edit]

1960 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 8,096 56.24 +3.05
Labour John Palmer 5,257 36.51
Social Credit Ronald Henry Morton 1,042 7.23 +1.45
Majority 2,839 19.72 +7.55
Turnout 14,395 89.55 -2.18
Registered electors 16,074

1957 election[edit]

1957 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 7,564 53.19 +2.27
Labour S S M Cook 5,833 41.01
Social Credit Ronald Henry Morton 823 5.78
Majority 1,731 12.17 -7.66
Turnout 14,220 91.73 +4.74
Registered electors 15,501

1954 election[edit]

1954 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 6,473 50.92 -4.94
Labour D Clinton 3,852 30.30
Social Credit T A Ward 2,387 18.77
Majority 2,521 19.83 +8.10
Turnout 12,712 86.99 -4.09
Registered electors 14,612

1951 election[edit]

1951 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 8,738 55.86 +1.47
Labour Jim Barclay 6,902 44.13
Majority 1,836 11.73 +2.94
Turnout 15,640 91.08 -2.98
Registered electors 17,170

1949 election[edit]

1949 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 8,205 54.39 +2.64
Labour Alan Sharp 6,878 45.60 -2.65
Majority 1,327 8.79 +5.29
Turnout 15,083 94.06 -0.94
Registered electors 16,035

1946 election[edit]

1949 general election: Selwyn[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John McAlpine 6,970 51.75
Labour Alan Sharp 6,498 48.25
Majority 472 3.50
Turnout 13,468 93.12
Registered electors 14,463

1899 election[edit]

1899 general election: Selwyn[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Hardy 1,308 38.96
Liberal John Rennie 1,168 34.79
Liberal John Barrett 454 13.52
Liberal Kenneth Wilson 427 12.72
Majority 140 4.17 -1.57
Turnout 3,357 74.93 -10.05
Registered electors 4,480

1896 election[edit]

1896 general election: Selwyn
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Cathcart Wason 1,676 52.87
Independent Alfred Saunders 1,494 47.13
Majority 182 5.74
Turnout 3,170 84.99
Registered electors 3,730

1890 election[edit]

1890 general election: Selwyn[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Alfred Saunders 536 42.61
Conservative Thomas Hamilton Anson 485 38.55
Liberal William Jerrington Popple 237 18.84
Majority 51 4.05
Turnout 1,258 62.49
Registered electors 2,013

1884 by-election[edit]

1884 Selwyn by-election[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Edward Wakefield 479 60.25
Independent John McLachlan 316 39.75
Majority 163 20.50
Turnout 795 +177

1883 by-election[edit]

1883 Selwyn by-election[26][27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Edward Lee 258 41.75
Independent Edward Richardson 220 35.60
Independent John McLachlan 140 22.65
Turnout 618
Majority 38 6.15

1875 election[edit]

1875 general election: Selwyn[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Cecil Fitzroy 244 51.48
Independent William Reeves 230 48.52
Majority 14 2.95
Turnout 474 68.30
Registered electors 694

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2017 Internet Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with Mana Party in the 2014 election
  2. ^ 2017 Mana Party swing is relative to the votes for Internet-Mana in 2014; it shared a party list with the Internet Party in the 2014 election

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  2. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. ^ Cooke, Henry (23 September 2019). "Census 2018: New Zealand to gain one new seat in 2020 election". Stuff. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Report of the Representation Commission 2020" (PDF). 17 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Mr. C. A. Fitzroy at Doyleston". The Press. XXIV (3218). 23 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Selwyn Poll". The Press. XXIV (3224). 31 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Election Notices". The Press. XXIV (3212). 16 December 1875. p. 4. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Selwyn nomination". Star (3553). 30 August 1879. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  9. ^ "The General Election". Otago Daily Times (6190). 10 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  10. ^ "The General Elections". The Star (4249). 3 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 7 May 2012.
  11. ^ "Election Notices". The Press. XLVII (7731). 10 December 1890. p. 1. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  12. ^ "Official Count Results – Selwyn". Wellington: New Zealand Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  13. ^ 2014 election results
  14. ^ 2011 election results
  15. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
  16. ^ 2008 election results[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "Part XIV – Selwyn By-election" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. pp. 98–9, 162.
  19. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. pp. 102–3, 167.
  20. ^ a b c d Norton 1988, pp. 347.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Norton 1988, pp. 346.
  22. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Untitled". The Press. LVI (10516). 30 November 1899. p. 8. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  24. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
  25. ^ "Selwyn Election". The Press. XL (5755). 28 February 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
  26. ^ "Selwyn Election". New Zealand Times. 20 April 1883.
  27. ^ "Selwyn Election". New Zealand Mail. 14 April 1883.
  28. ^ "The Result of the Selwyn Election". New Zealand Times. 20 April 1883.

References[edit]

  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links[edit]