Senate (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

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Founded1960 and 2003[1]
Alexis Thambwe Mwamba
since 27 July 2019
RDC Senat 2019.svg
Political groups
  •   FCC (99)
  •   PCL (6)
  •   Coalition for Change (3)
  •   Senator for life (1)
Length of term
5 years
Indirect election
Meeting place
Palais du peuple de la RDC.jpg
Palais du Peuple
Official website

Coordinates: 4°19′56″S 15°18′11″E / 4.3322°S 15.3031°E / -4.3322; 15.3031

The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The senate was established in 1960, abolished in 1967 and re-established in 2003.[1]

During the transition period in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003 - 2006), the Senate, aside from its Legislative role, also had the task of drafting the country's new constitution. This task came to fruition with the adoption of the draft in Parliament in May 2005, and its approval by the Congolese people, in a successful democratic referendum on 18 and 19 December 2005.

The current President of the Senate is Alexis Thambwe Mwamba, elected in July 2019. The Secretary General is David Byaza Sanda Lutala. The most recent Senate was sworn in on January 28, 2019.[2][3]


Members of the Senate are indirectly elected by the Provincial Assemblies. Each of the 25 provinces proper elects four senators and the city-province of Kinshasa elects eight. Elected senators serve five year terms.[4] Former presidents may sit as senators for life.

Previous Senate[edit]

Charles Mwando Nsimba addressing the Senate with Léon Kengo presiding, 2009

Senators were elected under the new constitution on 19 January 2007 by the provincial parliaments of their respective provinces. The results of the latest election was:

e • d Summary of the 19 January 2007 provisional Senate of the Democratic Republic of the Congo election results
Parties Alliances Leader Seats
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (Parti du Peuple pour la Reconstruction et la Démocratie) AMP Joseph Kabila 22
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo) UpN Jean-Pierre Bemba 14
Forces for Renewal (Forces du Renouveau) AMP Antipas Mbusa Nyamwisi 7
Rally for Congolese Democracy (Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie) 7
Christian Democrat Party (Parti Démocrate Chrétien) AMP José Endundo Bononge 6
Convention of Christian Democrats (Convention des Démocrates Chrétiens) 3
Social Movement for Renewal (Mouvement Social pour le Renouveau) AMP 3
Unified Lumumbist Party (Parti Lumumbiste Unifié) AMP Antoine Gizenga 2
Alliance of Congolese Democrats (Alliance des Démocrates Congolais) 1
United Congolese Convention (Convention des Congolais Unis) AMP 1
Democratic Convention for Development (Convention Démocrate pour le Développement) 1
Coalition of Congolese Democrats (Coalition des Démocrates Congolais) Jean-Claude Muyambo 1
Convention for the Republic and Democracy (Convention pour la République et la Démocratie) UpN 1
Federalist Christian Democracy (Démocratie Chrétienne Fédéraliste–Convention des Fédéralistes pour la Démocratie Chrétiene) AMP Venant Tshipasa 1
Social Front of Independent Republicans (Front Social des Indépendants Républicains) 1
Liberal Christian Democrats Union (Union des Libéraux Démocrates Chrétiens) Raymond Tshibanda 1
National Alliance Party for Unity (Parti de l’Alliance Nationale pour l’Unité) AMP André-Philippe Futa 1
Democratic Socialist Party (Parti Démocratique Socialiste) 1
Democratic Social Christian Party (Parti Democrate Social Chretien) André Bo-Boliko Lokonga 1
Rally for Economic and Social Development (Rassemblement pour le Développement Économique et Social) 1
Rally of Congolese Democrats and Nationalists (Rassemblement des Congolais Démocrates et Nationalistes) UpN 1
Rally of Social and Federalist Forces (Rassemblement des Forces Sociales et Fédéralistes) 1
Congolese Union for Liberty (Union Congolaise pour la Liberté) 1
Union of Mobutuist Democrats (Union des Démocrates Mobutistes) AMP Nzanga Mobutu 1
National Union of Christian Democrats (Union Nationale des Démocrates Chrétiens) 1
National Union of Federalist Democrats (Union Nationale des Démocrates Fédéralistes) Mwando Nsimba 1
Independent N/A N/A 26
Total 108
Source: "Portant Annonce des Resultats Provisoires de l'Election des Senateurs du 19 Janvier 2007 en Republique Democratique du Congo", Commission Electorale Independante, 20 January 2007.

Transitional Senate[edit]

e • d Composition of the Transitional Senate of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Movement for the Liberation of Congo (Mouvement pour la Liberation du Congo) 22
Government 22
Political opposition 22
Congolese Rally for Democracy (Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie) 21
Civil Society 21
Maï-Maï 4
Congolese Rally for Democracy/Kisangani Liberation Movement (Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie/ Kisangani Mouvement de Libération) 3
Rally of Congolese for Democracy-National (Rassemblement des Congolais pour la Démocratie – National) 1
Total 120

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "HISTORIQUE".
  2. ^ "After election upheaval, DR Congo inaugurates new Parliament".
  3. ^ "After election upheaval, DR Congo inaugurates new parliament". Daily Monitor.
  4. ^ "Democratic Republic of the Congo". New Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform (beta). July 5, 2018.

External links[edit]