Serbian nationality law

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Serbian Citizenship Act
Coat of arms of Serbia.svg
Parliament of Serbia
Enacted byGovernment of Serbia
Status: Current legislation

Serbian nationality law is based primarily on the principle of Jus sanguinis. Article 23 of the law stipulates that any foreign national with Serbian descent has the right to acquire Serbian citizenship by written request. The law also allows dual citizenship, allowing an individual the right to retain his or her current citizenship and receive Serbian citizenship.[1][2]

The 2007 amendments enabled ethnic Serbs residing outside Serbia the right to citizenship. These amendments, adopted after the Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006, also allowed citizens of Montenegro living in Serbia the right to gain citizenship, if they submit the request within a 5-year period.[3]

Acquisition of citizenship[edit]

  • Acquiring citizenship by descent - Citizenship by descent is limited to one generation (either parent must be registered as Serbian at time of birth) and the applicant cannot be older than 23 years of age at the time.[4]
  • Acquiring citizenship by birth in the Republic of Serbia - Citizenship of the Republic of Serbia based on origin is acquired, under different conditions, by children if both or one parent is a national of the Republic of Serbia at the moment of the child's birth. You should make sure to report in good time the child's birth to the relevant diplomatic or consular mission of the Republic of Serbia in order that its name may be entered in the register of citizens of the Republic of Serbia. If your parents were nationals of the Republic of Serbia at the time of your birth, if you are of age, but under 23, and if, as a child, you were left without citizenship and were not registered, you should file an application to that effect with the relevant diplomatic or consular mission of the R. of Serbia.[5]
  • Acquiring citizenship by admission (naturalization) - Must have three years of uninterrupted permanent residence in Serbia.[1]
  • Acquiring citizenship by decent - If you do not have permanent residence in Serbia, and belong to the Serbian people, you may be admitted to citizenship of the Republic of Serbia under Article 23 of the Law, without having been released from a foreign citizenship. All you need is to have turned 18 years of age, that you have not been deprived of your business capacity, and that you submit a statement in writing that you consider the Republic of Serbia to be your country.You may become a citizen of the Republic of Serbia, under certain conditions, by being entered in the register of citizens of Serbia. This manner of acquiring Serbian citizenship has been regulated under Article 52 of the Law which reads:

"For the purposes of this Law, a citizen of the Republic of Serbia shall be understood to mean also any citizen of the SFRY who, on 27 February 2005, was a citizen of some other republic of the former SFRY or of some other state emerged in the territory of the former SFRY and who has registered permanent residence in the territory of the Republic of Serbia for at least nine years, if he/she submits a signed statement that he/she considers himself/herself a citizen of the Republic of Serbia and has filed an application for being entered in the register of citizens of the Republic of Serbia. The signed statement referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article should be filed with the authority in charge of internal affairs in whose area the citizen has permanent residence. For the purposes of this Law, a citizen of the Republic of Serbia shall be understood to mean a citizen of Montenegro who had registered residence in the territory of the Republic of Serbia on 3 June 2006, if he/she submits a signed statement that he/she considers himself/herself to be a citizen of the Republic of Serbia and has filed an application for being entered in the register of citizens of the Republic of Serbia. The signed statement referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article should be filed within a period of five years from the date of the coming of this Law into force. The application for acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Serbia under Article 52, paragraphs 1 and 2, should be filed with the authority in charge of internal affairs according to the place of residence of the applicant."[6][1]

Termination and reacquisition of citizenship[edit]

  • Termination of citizenship by release - If you are a citizen of age, if you were born and live abroad, and have an alien citizenship, you may renounce citizenship of the Republic of Serbia before the age of 25.[7]
  • Termination of citizenship by renunciation - If you are a citizen of age, if you were born and live abroad, and have an alien citizenship, you may renounce citizenship of the Republic of Serbia before the age of 25.[8]
  • Reacquisition of citizenship by the Republic of Serbia - If you have been released from citizenship of the Republic of Serbia and have acquired an alien citizenship or your citizenship of the Republic of Serbia has been terminated on the basis of release or renunciation at your parents' request, you may re-acquire citizenship of the Republic of Serbia if you file an application for re-acquiring citizenship of the Republic of Serbia, in which case you should be 18 years old and should not be deprived of your business capacity, and if you submit a signed statement that you consider the Republic of Serbia to be your country.[9]

Visa requirement for Serbian citizens[edit]

In 2015, Serbian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 110 countries and territories, ranking the Serbian passport 43rd in the world according to the Visa Restrictions Index.

The Serbian passport is one of the 5 passports with the most improved rating globally since 2006 in terms of the number of countries that its holders may visit without a visa.[10]

Notable naturalized people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Citizenship". www.mfa.gov.rs.
  2. ^ "Zakon o državljanstvu Republike Srbije" (in Serbian).
  3. ^ "Izmene zakona o državljanstvu" (PDF) (in Serbian). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-07.
  4. ^ "Consulate General of the Republic of Serbia in Sydney".
  5. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/citizenship
  6. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/citizenship
  7. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/citizenship
  8. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/citizenship
  9. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.rs/en/consular-affairs/citizenship
  10. ^ Partners, Henley &. "The Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index Celebrates Ten Years". www.prnewswire.com.
  11. ^ "Руски пливач Вјатчањин добио српско држављанство". May 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Čarls Dženkins dobio srpski pasoš!".
  13. ^ Serbia, RTS, Radio televizija Srbije, Radio Television of. "Kleo dobio pasoš".
  14. ^ "Danijel Pejdž predstavljena u Košarkaškom savezu Srbije".
  15. ^ "Demarkus Nelson dobio državljanstvo Srbije".
  16. ^ Džudista Gerasimenko dobio državljanstvo Srbije
  17. ^ "Evandro dobio srpski pasoš". 4 August 2011.
  18. ^ (PDF) http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/file/show//Sluzbeni%20glasnik.pdf. Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Decision was published in Official Gazette Službeni glasnik RS 002/2016.; "Stiven Sigal dobio državljanstvo Srbije". Radio Television of Serbia. 10 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  20. ^ Rudić, Filip (11 September 2017). "Actor Ralph Fiennes Receives Serbian Citizenship :: Balkan Insight". www.balkaninsight.com (in Serbian). Balkan Insight. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  21. ^ "...Arnaud Gouillon…". inSerbia.