Shaare Zedek Cemetery, Jerusalem

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Shaare Zedek Cemetery
Shaare Zedek Cemetery, Jerusalem.jpg
Details
Established19 July 1948
Location
CountryIsrael
Coordinates31°47′14″N 35°12′24″E / 31.7872°N 35.2068°E / 31.7872; 35.2068Coordinates: 31°47′14″N 35°12′24″E / 31.7872°N 35.2068°E / 31.7872; 35.2068
TypeJewish

Shaarei Zedek Cemetery is a small Jewish burial ground located behind the first Shaarei Zedek Hospital in Jerusalem, Israel. Originally used by the hospital as farmland for grazing milk cows, the area was converted into a temporary cemetery during the Arab siege of Jerusalem in 1948. Approximately 200 burials were conducted here between March and October of that year. Most graves were transferred to permanent cemeteries after the war, but a handful remain, notably those of several prominent Jerusalem rabbis and the founding director of Shaare Zedek Hospital, Dr. Moshe Wallach.

Location[edit]

The cemetery is located on the north side of Shazar Boulevard, between Nordau and Agrippas Streets.[1]

History[edit]

The cemetery in relation to the old Shaare Zedek Hospital building (middle background), today headquarters of the Israel Broadcasting Authority.

Until 1948, Jewish burials in Jerusalem were conducted in the centuries-old Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives. In January 1948, the Arab siege of Jerusalem made the Mount of Olives inaccessible, as the route to the cemetery passed through hostile Arab villages.[2] A new burial ground was opened next to the Sanhedria neighborhood on the northern border on March 28, 1948.[3] Since the Sanhedria Cemetery was operated under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Kehilat Yerushalayim chevra kadisha (burial society), founded in 1939 by Zionist leaders and moderate rabbis of the Old Yishuv, many Haredi residents of the Old Yishuv refused to use it, prompting the need for another burial ground in Jerusalem.[4]

In March 1948 the chevra kadisha of the Perushim and Ashkenazim asked Shaare Zedek Hospital director Dr. Wallach, an activist in the Agudath Israel Orthodox Jewish movement,[5] for permission to erect a temporary burial ground on land beside his hospital.[6] This land had formerly been used to graze milk cows to provide fresh milk to hospitalized children.[4] From March through October 1948, approximately 200 burials took place here. Some time after the war ended, most of the graves were transferred to permanent cemeteries.[6]

Notable graves[edit]

A handful of graves still remain on the site.[7] The most notable are:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ בית קברות שערי צדק [Shaare Zedek Cemetery] (in Hebrew). Jerusalem Municipality. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  2. ^ Bar-Am, Aviva (31 December 2010). "The Path of Justice". The Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2012. (subscription required)
  3. ^ a b c Rossoff, Dovid (2005). קדושים אשר בארץ: קברי צדיקים בירושלים ובני ברק [The Holy Ones in the Earth: Graves of Tzaddikim in Jerusalem and Bnei Brak] (in Hebrew). Jerusalem: Machon Otzar HaTorah. pp. 335–336.
  4. ^ a b Samsonowitz, M. (16 October 2002). "Burial in Jerusalem: The Har Menuchos Cemetery – Part I". Dei'ah VeDibur. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  5. ^ Ben Shlomo, Yosef. "A Dedicated and Devout Doctor of Jerusalem". shemayisrael.co.il. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  6. ^ a b Rossoff (2005), p. 383.
  7. ^ Avni, Eran (13 January 2008). בתי קברות יהודיים בירושלים [Jewish Cemeteries in Jerusalem] (in Hebrew). Machon Yerushalayim Lechaker Yisrael. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  8. ^ Katz, Yossi (23 December 2010). "ברוך דיין האמת: הגר"א שלזינגר זצ"ל" [Baruch Dayan HaEmet: HaGaon Rabbi Avraham Schlesinger, zt”l]. bhol.co.il. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  9. ^ "Letter by Dr. Moshe Wallach". Virtual Judaica. 2008. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  10. ^ Rossoff, Dovid (2001). Where Heaven Touches Earth: Jewish Life in Jerusalem from Medieval Times to the Present. Feldheim Publishers. p. 489. ISBN 0873068793.