Shelley Moore Capito
|Shelley Moore Capito|
|United States Senator|
from West Virginia
Assumed office |
January 3, 2015
Serving with Joe Manchin
|Preceded by||Jay Rockefeller|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from West Virginia's 2nd district
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Bob Wise|
|Succeeded by||Alex Mooney|
|Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from the 30th district|
December 1, 1996 – December 1, 2000
|Preceded by||Multi-member district|
|Succeeded by||Multi-member district|
Shelley Wellons Moore|
November 26, 1953
Glen Dale, West Virginia, U.S.
Arch Moore (father)|
Shelley Moore (mother)
Duke University (BA)|
University of Virginia (MEd)
Shelley Wellons Moore Capito (//; born November 26, 1953) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from West Virginia since 2015. A member of the Republican Party, she was the U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 2nd congressional district from 2001 until her election to the Senate. She is the current dean of West Virginia's congressional delegation.
A graduate of Duke University and the University of Virginia, she is the daughter of the late Governor of West Virginia Arch Moore. Capito was the only Republican in the West Virginia congressional delegation until 2011, and the first Republican woman elected to Congress from West Virginia. Capito was elected to the Senate in 2014, becoming the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate in the history of West Virginia and the first Republican to win a full term in the Senate from West Virginia since 1942. She won mostly on large majorities in the counties along the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia borders.
In Congress, Capito has sponsored over 113 pieces of legislation, making her the most prolific federal legislator of the freshmen Senators elected in 2014. Capito is Chairman of the Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Safety and Subcommittee on the Legislative Branch; she is the only freshman Senator to chair a subcommittee on the powerful Appropriations Committee. She is a member of the Main Street Partnership, with three fellow Republican Senators, focused on centrist goals in Congress. The group is the rough equivalent of the Blue Dog Democrats.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Earlier political career
- 3 U.S. House of Representatives
- 4 U.S. Senate
- 5 Political positions
- 5.1 Donald Trump's candidacy and presidency
- 5.2 Social policy
- 5.3 Same-sex marriage and LGBT issues
- 5.4 Abortion
- 5.5 Sexual assault
- 5.6 Embryonic stem-cell research
- 5.7 Gun policy
- 5.8 Healthcare
- 5.9 Immigration
- 5.10 Drug policy
- 5.11 Foreign policy
- 5.12 International trade
- 5.13 Interior policy
- 5.14 Fiscal policy
- 6 Vice presidential speculation
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 Personal life
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Early life and education
Born in Glen Dale, West Virginia, the daughter of Shelley (née Riley) and Arch Alfred Moore, Jr., who served three terms as the state's Governor. A resident of Charleston, Capito was educated at the Holton-Arms School; Duke University, where she earned her bachelor's degree in zoology; and the University of Virginia Curry School of Education, where she earned her master's degree. She is a member of Kappa Kappa Gamma sorority and represented the state of West Virginia as the 1972 Cherry Blossom Princess.
Earlier political career
Capito was elected to the 31st district of the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1996, and served two terms from December 1, 1996 to December 1, 2000. The district included a portion of the Charleston area. Capito was named Minority Chairman of the Health and Human Resources Committee and a member of the Judiciary and Banking and Insurance Committees.
U.S. House of Representatives
When U.S. Congressman Bob Wise ran for governor in 2000, Capito ran as a Republican in the open seat in West Virginia's 2nd district, which was anchored in Charleston and stretched from the Ohio River in the west to the Eastern Panhandle, which borders with Virginia and Maryland. She narrowly defeated the Democratic nominee, lawyer Jim Humphreys, 48%–46%. She was the first Republican to represent West Virginia in Congress since 1983, as well as the first woman elected to Congress from West Virginia who was not the widow of a member of Congress.
She won re-election to a second term, defeating Humphreys in rematch 60%–40%. She won every county in the district except Braxton. She became the first West Virginia Republican to win re-election to Congress since her father, who represented the 1st district in the state's northern region from 1957 to 1969.
Capito was mentioned as a possible challenger to Senator Robert Byrd, a long-time foe of her father, in 2006, but opted to run for re-election to her House seat. She won re-election to a fourth term, defeating the state's Department of Environmental Protection Secretary Mike Callaghan, 57%–43%. She won all but two counties: Braxton and Clay.
During the 2010 election cycle, she was mentioned as a Republican candidate to challenge Joe Manchin for the vacated United State Senate seat of the late Robert C. Byrd. Capito ultimately decided against a Senate bid, pointing out that, even though the West Virginia Legislature passed a law allowing her to run for both her House seat and the Senate, "running for two offices simultaneously is not who I am as a person. More importantly, this is not about me, but what is right for the people of West Virginia." Capito won re-election to a sixth term, defeating Virginia Lynch Graf, 68%–30%. For the first time in her career, she won all 18 counties of the district.
After redistricting, Capito was challenged in the Republican primary for the first time in her career. Capito said she planned on fighting to "dismantle the federal health care overhaul and challenge the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency". She defeated Delegate Jonathan Miller and Michael Davis 83%–11%–6%. She won re-election to a seventh term, defeating former gubernatorial aide Howard Swint, 70%–30%.
- Committee on Financial Services
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
Capito is a former Chairman of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues and a member of the Congressional Arts Caucus and the Afterschool Caucuses. After an explosion responsible for the death of 29 coal workers, Capito founded the Congressional Coal Caucus.
On November 26, 2012, Capito announced her intention to seek the United States Senate seat in play for the 2014 election, intending to challenge long-time incumbent Jay Rockefeller, but he subsequently announced his retirement.
Capito's "Shared Values" commercial featured her saying, "We want our country back; we don't want government coming in and telling us how to pick our doctor, how to educate our children." Despite initial protests from Tea Party groups and anti-establishment conservatives that Moore Capito's House voting record was "too liberal", she ultimately won 87% of the Republican primary vote.
Rockefeller dropped out of the race on January 11, 2013, making Capito the overwhelming favorite in the general election.
She went on to defeat Democratic Secretary of State Natalie Tennant in the general election, 62% to 35% - the largest victory margin for a Republican running in a statewide race in West Virginia history. She also carried every county in the state.
Capito has attributed her emphasis on bipartisanship and working through ideological differences as a reason for her successful political career, further demonstrated by her "willingness to break from her party by voting against tax breaks for oil companies and twice supporting an override of George W. Bush's veto of the SCHIP bill". Capito was ranked as the 9th most bipartisan member of the U.S. Senate during the 114th United States Congress and the third most bipartisan in the first session of the 115th Congress by the Bipartisan Index, a metric created by The Lugar Center and Georgetown's McCourt School of Public Policy to better gauge Congressional bipartisanship.
Along with Rob Portman and Deb Fischer, Senator Capito is one of Mitch McConnell’s counsels to leadership in the Senate. In Congress, Senator Capito has sponsored over 113 pieces of legislation. Since being in Congress, Capito has voted with her party 93% of the time.
As of 2012, she had a lifetime rating of 70 from the American Conservative Union. She is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership. Capito served on the House Page Board during the Mark Foley congressional page incident, but wasn't made aware of Foley's conduct until informed by the press.
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government (Chairwoman)
- Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, Innovation, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Consumer Protection, Product Safety, Insurance and Data Security
- Subcommittee on Space, Science, and Competitiveness
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Committee on Rules and Administration
Capito is a member of the Republican Main Street Partnership. She "is a relative moderate who supports abortion rights and has crossed the aisle on some votes". In 2013, the National Journal gave her a composite score of 63% conservative and 37% liberal. In 2011, still in the House, the National Journal gave her a composite score of 56% conservative and 45% liberal. In CrowdPac, which provides a conservative or liberal score based on donations they receive and give, has given Capito a score of 3.8C with 10C being the most conservative and 10L being the most liberal. The American Conservative Union has given Capito a lifetime rating of 67.2% conservative. She also has a 95% lifetime rating from the conservative Americans for Prosperity. The Americans for Democratic Action gave her a rating of 15% liberal in 2011 and 60% liberal, her highest, in 2008.
Describing her political positions, the Washington Post wrote that "Capito has been something of a wildcard in Congress, befitting the mixed blue and red political strains of her home state. Conservatives have criticized her for being too centrist, and she has been at odds with the tea party movement by opposing funding cuts to various federal programs. She does not believe that Roe v. Wade should be overturned, but has voted to ban abortions after 20 weeks and has cast other antiabortion votes. Capito has also been a stalwart supporter of the coal industry, introducing mining safety measures and campaigning against the Environmental Protection Agency."
Donald Trump's candidacy and presidency
In 2016, Capito raised concerns about Trump's tone and rhetoric during the election. After the Hollywood Access tapes, Capito said that Trump should "reexamine his candidacy." However, she later said that she supported Trump for president. According to FiveThirtyEight, which tracks how often a Congressperson votes with President Trump's position, Senator Capito voted with Trump's position 95.7% of the time.
Capito is a sponsor of the Gender Advancement in Pay (GAP) Act, saying "it should be common sense that women and men get equal pay for equal work" and expressing concerns about sex discrimination against women in the workplace. Capito is sponsoring the Rural Access to Hospice Act to improve the quality, access, and retention of hospice facilities in rural parts of the nation. In response to the Supreme Court's decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, which found a constitutional right to same-sex marriage, Capito issued a statement saying "While I would have preferred that the Supreme Court leave this decision to the states, it is my hope that all West Virginians will move forward and continue to care for and respect one another."
On social policy, the National Journal gave Capito a score of 54% conservative and 43% liberal.
Same-sex marriage and LGBT issues
Based on her scores from Human Rights Campaign, an LGBT rights advocacy group, Capito has a mixed record on LGBT issues. The Human Rights Campaign gave Capito a score of 30% in the 113th Congress and 64% in the 114th Congress.
In 2004 and 2006, Capito voted for the failed Federal Marriage Amendment which was intended to ban same-sex marriage in the United States. She also voted against hate crime legislation that included sexual orientation.
However, in 2015, she was one of 10 Senate Republicans who voted for an amendment to the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act which provided support and protections for LGBT youth. Capito also voted with a majority of Democrats in favor of a non-binding resolution which affirmed the need for same-sex married couples to be able to access Social Security and veterans' benefits. This made her one of just 11 Senate Republicans who endorsed same-sex marriage benefits.
Capito has identified as pro-choice; she has also voted to defund Planned Parenthood. In a 2010 response to a questionnaire by Project Vote Smart, Capito described herself as "pro-choice," but she has a mixed record on the issue of abortion. This mixed record is reflected in the range of ratings and scores she has received from both pro-choice and pro-life groups. She was rated, 45% in 2001, 35% in 2004, and 50%, her highest score, in 2007 by abortion rights-group NARAL Pro-Choice America. In 2008, she received a 63% score from the pro-choice National Organization for Women. The Population Institute, which supports voluntary family planning, gave her a 100% grade on their positions in 2005. The anti-abortion National Right to Life Committee gave her ratings of 55% in 2004-2006, 57% in 2007-2009, and 100% in the 114th Congress (2015–16). She also was given a 100% rating by the anti-abortion Campaign for Working Families in 2018. She had received a 50% rating from Planned Parenthood from 1995-2003, her highest rating. Capito received a rating of 21% from Planned Parenthood in 2014 and 25% in 2012. According to the anti-abortion Life Site News "Capito has a mixed record on abortion, having voted for a few moderate pro-life bills but also to expand research on human embryonic stem cell lines and fund contraception."
She has voted against providing federal funding for abortion and in favor of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003. However, she voted against banning family-planning funding in US aid abroad. She voted in favor of lifting the ban on private funding for abortions on US military bases in a 2005 amendment; Capito was one of 22 House Republicans to do so. Yet, Capito voted to require parental consent for minors seeking an abortion, voted to ban federal funding for abortion, and voted to rescind federal funds from Planned Parenthood. In 2011, Capito was one of nine Republicans who voted with the majority of Democrats against a bill banning the use of funds for mifepristone or the 'abortion pill.' In January 2018, Capito voted with the majority of Republicans and three Democrats in favor of a bill to ban abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy.
In 2010, she described herself as "pro-choice". While she selected the label "pro-choice" in 2010, she was supported by pro-life groups as well, making the overall question of whether she is "pro-life" or "pro-choice" difficult to determine. She was described as "pro-choice" again in 2012. She was also supported by the Republican Majority for Choice a pro-choice Republican PAC. Capito typically avoids discussing the matter.
In 2013, Capito's campaign manager stated that "she does not want to overturn Roe v. Wade". Her campaign said that Capito "would not vote to overturn Roe." By July of 2018, Capito was one of three Republican Senators, the others being Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski, who publicly supported the Roe v. Wade decision. According to Fox News, "Three Republican senators – Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia and Susan Collins of Maine – have indicated they will not vote for a Supreme Court nominee who suggests he or she might not respect the precedent of earlier rulings allowing abortion".
In 2017, "West Virginians for Life, said [it] still supports Capito, despite the abortion rights self-identification and support for Roe v. Wade, because of Capito’s steadfast voting record restricting abortions and defunding Planned Parenthood". In 2018, West Virginians for Life endorsed a ballot initiative to ban abortion in the event that Roe is overturned; Capito said she is "not going to openly support or oppose" the ballot initiative. Capito supported Trump's Supreme Court nominee, Brett Kavanaugh; when asked about Roe v Wade, "Capito said she does not think the court will overturn the ruling. 'Fundamentally, it’s been a precedent for a long time,' she said."
Embryonic stem-cell research
Senator Capito supports embryonic stem cell research. In May 2005, as a representative, Capito broke with her party, voting with a majority of Democrats, to repeal restrictions on embryonic stem-cell research funding. Capito also voted in 2006 to attempt to override President Bush's veto of the 2005 bill. In June 2007, Capito voted against banning the cloning of human embryos. Previously, Capito had voted for a bill to ban the cloning of human embryos. Also in 2007, Capito again voted in favor of funding stem-cell research. She also voted in favor of research using stem cells derived from donated embryos. In 2009, Capito voted for a budget bill that prohibited the creation of human embryos for research.
Capito was endorsed by the National Rifle Association (NRA) and West Virginia Citizen's Defense League which both support gun owners' rights in 2014. In 2016, Capito voted in favor of alerting law enforcement when a person suspected of terrorism attempts to purchase a firearm and in favor of an amendment to improve the National Instant Background Check System, but she voted against two other gun control amendments. In 2018, Capito opposed President Trump's suggestion that teachers be armed saying "I don't think a teacher should carry a gun in a classroom."
As a representative, Capito voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (commonly called ObamaCare or the Affordable Care Act) in March 2010. In January 2009, Capito voted to expand the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) as part of its re-authorization. The expanded coverage would include about four million more children in the program. In May 2008, Capito voted for the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance Act of 2008 (commonly called the new G.I. Bill), which expanded the educational benefits for military veterans who have served since September 11, 2001.
On March 3, 2017, Capito "insist[ed] that Medicaid expansion be preserved in the GOP's Obamacare replacement proposal". Along with three other Republicans, Capito signed a letter saying that the House Republican health care plan "does not do enough to protect families and individuals covered by the Medicaid expansion or to provide flexibility to the states". Capito was one of the Republicans suggesting that "the Republican healthcare proposals are too conservative." She came out against the Better Care Reconciliation Act because of her opposition to a conservative amendment to the bill as well as over opioid issues.
Also in 2017, Capito announced that she is opposed to repealing the Affordable Care Act (ACA) without a replacement proposal. Announcing her position on Twitter, she said "'I did not come to Washington to hurt people.' That is how Sen. Shelley Moore Capito announced, on Twitter, she would not support the GOP effort to repeal Obamacare without a replacement plan that addresses her concerns 'and the needs of West Virginians.'" Shelley Capito was initially one of the three Republican senators, along with Susan Collins and Lisa Murkowski, discouraging McConnell from bringing up a vote on repealing the ACA. Capito declared that "If I have to be that one person [to stop the bill], I will be it.” On July 26, 2017, Capito joined six other Republicans and voted against repealing the ACA without a replacement. However, on July 27, Capito voted 'Yes' for the 'Skinny' repeal of the ACA. Capito supports a bill, authored by Collins and Bill Cassidy, that would allow states to either choose to repeal or to keep Obamacare.
Although she voted for the Skinny repeal of the ACA, her vote against repealing without replacement resulted in a backlash among some conservatives. Radio host and conservative personality, Rush Limbaugh, criticized Capito, along with Collins and Murkowski, as "leftists." The Club for Growth and Tea Party Patriots later launched online ads to pressure Capito to vote for other bills to repeal Obamacare. She has been labeled a 'RINO,' a Republican in Name Only, or insufficiently conservative, by other critics of her healthcare vote. On the opposite side, Save My Care, a progressive group, launched ads pressuring Capito to vote against the Republican healthcare proposals.
Capito has stated that she does not support a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, but did vote against a 2004 bill that would have forced hospitals to report undocumented immigrants; she also voted in favor of a 2001 bill that proposed to allow some immigrants to "remain in the country while pursuing residency." In 2010, Capito voted against the DREAM Act. In 2018, Capito said of DACA and immigration, “It’s probably going to be some sort of legal status for DACA recipients that gives them the permanence of legal status and then the border security..." Speaking about her views on DACA Capito's office said that “Senator Capito could support an immigration solution that provides for increased border security to protect Americans and provides relief for those in the DACA program. She is encouraged by ongoing negotiations between the Trump Administration and members of Congress to improve immigration policy and add resources for enforcement.”
Capito voiced disagreement with Trump's "zero-tolerance" policy that included separating children from their parents or guardians. She said "we need to keep the families together," speaking to the media. "While Capito is campaigning for border streamlining, she said separating families, a result of President Trump's Zero Tolerance Policy, is not necessary."
Capito disagreed with U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions' 2018 decision to take a hardline approach to marijuana, saying "I'm going to go on the record as saying I'm against recreational marijuana, but I respect the states' rights to make that decision..." She also said that she has concerns but that she accepts and supports the legalization of medical marijuana.
Capito has sponsored approximately 40 bills about international trade and international finance, the most of any other legislative topic during her career. Capito has criticized the vulnerabilities in current national security policy in the wake of the San Bernardino terrorist attack and has sponsored 8 bills on the military and national security. Capito was one of 47 Republican senators to sign Senator Tom Cotton's open letter to the Iranian government in 2015. The letter, which sought to dissuade Iran from reaching an agreement with President Barack Obama regarding nuclear peace, was described by the White House as "undercutting foreign policy".
On foreign policy, the National Journal gave her a score of 77% conservative and 15% liberal.
In 2005, Capito voted against the Dominican Republic–Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), the major trade agreement negotiated under President George W. Bush. She voted Yes in 2003, 2004, and 2007 to approve free trade agreements with Chile, Singapore, Australia, and Peru. She supports tariffs against countries that manipulate currencies, and she sponsored a bill that would create an import fee on countries with an undervalued currency.
Capito opposes legislation aimed at capping greenhouse gas emissions. In January 2010, she reportedly asked the president if he would reconsider "job-killing" policies like limiting greenhouse gases.
Capito supported President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris climate agreement. She called the decision "the right decision for the American economy and workers in West Virginia and across the country."
In December 2010, Capito voted to extend the tax cuts enacted during the administration of President George W. Bush.
Capito supports a federal prohibition on online poker, an in 2006, was a cosponsor of H.R. 4777, the Internet Gambling Prohibition and Enforcement Act. She also supported H.R. 4411, the Goodlatte-Leach Internet Gambling Prohibition Act. In June 2003, Capito introduced the Family Fairness in Taxing Act of 2003. The bill would accelerate the increase to the child tax credit, increase the qualification age for children, and revise refundability criteria for the credit. In 2012, during her campaign for the Senate, the Senate Conservative Fund opposed Capito's nomination as they argued "her spending record in the House is too liberal." In 2017, Capito opposed the budget proposed by President Trump saying that the proposal would cut "too close to the bone." On taxes, Capito did vote in favor of Trump's tax cut bill. On economic issues, the National Journal gave her a rating of 53% conservative and 47% liberal.
Vice presidential speculation
Capito was considered a possible contender for vice president on the Republican ticket with Donald Trump in 2016, and in May 2016 was one of several Senators to meet with Trump in Washington, D.C. In the end, Trump picked former congressman and Governor of Indiana Mike Pence to join him on the Republican ticket.
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito||108,769||48.49|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||98,276||60.04|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||147,676||57.46|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||94,110||57.18|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||147,334||57.07|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||126,814||68.46|
|Democratic||Virginia Lynch Graf||55,001||29.69|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent)||158,206||69.8|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito||74,655||87.50|
|Republican||Shelley Moore Capito||281,820||62.12|
|Mountain||Bob Henry Baber||5,504||1.21|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
Capito is married to Charles L. Capito, and they have three children: sons Charles and Moore, and daughter Shelley.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shelley Moore Capito.|
- Senator Shelley Moore Capito official U.S. Senate site
- Shelley Moore Capito for Senate
- Shelley Moore Capito at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from West Virginia's 2nd congressional district
| Chair of the Congressional Women's Caucus
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from West Virginia
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from West Virginia
Served alongside: Joe Manchin
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority
|107th||Senate: R. Byrd • J. Rockefeller||House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • S. Capito|
|108th||Senate: R. Byrd • J. Rockefeller||House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • S. Capito|
|109th||Senate: R. Byrd • J. Rockefeller||House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • S. Capito|
|110th||Senate: R. Byrd • J. Rockefeller||House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • S. Capito|
|111th||Senate: R. Byrd (until Jun 28, 2010) • J. Rockefeller •
C. Goodwin (Jul 16, 2010 – Nov 15, 2010) • J. Manchin (from Nov 15, 2010)
|House: N. Rahall • A. Mollohan • S. Capito|
|112th||Senate: J. Rockefeller • J. Manchin||House: N. Rahall • S. Capito • D. McKinley|
|113th||Senate: J. Rockefeller • J. Manchin||House: N. Rahall • S. Capito • D. McKinley|
|114th||Senate: J. Manchin • S. Capito||House: D. McKinley • E. Jenkins • A. Mooney|
|115th||Senate: J. Manchin • S. Capito||House: D. McKinley • E. Jenkins • A. Mooney|