Shenzhen–Zhanjiang high-speed railway

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Shenzhen–Zhanjiang railway
深湛铁路
ChinaRailwayHighspeed.svg
Overview
TypeHigh-speed rail
StatusUnder Construction
LocaleGuangdong (Shenzhen, Dongguan, Guangzhou, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Yangjiang, Maoming, and Zhanjiang)
TerminiShenzhen North
Zhanjiang West (zh)
Stations18
Operation
OpenedDecember 28, 2013 (Maoming–Zhangjiang section); July 1, 2018 (Jiangmen–Maoming section)
Operator(s)China Railway High-speed
Technical
Line length387 km (240 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification50 Hz 25,000 V
Operating speed200 km/h (124 mph)
Shenzhen–Zhanjiang railway
Simplified Chinese深湛铁路
Traditional Chinese深湛鐵路

The Shenzhen–Zhanjiang railway is a high-speed railway across the south of Guangdong province. Linking the cities of Shenzhen and Zhanjiang, it will also allow for future high speed train travel between Hong Kong and Hainan Island.

History[edit]

Announced as part of the 12th Five Year Plan for 2011-2016,[1] it was projected that construction of this railway would begin. Tenders were called for early in 2013[2] with construction to begin before the end of that year. Construction officially began on 28 June 2014.[3] The railway of Jiangmen–Maoming section is entered to operation on July 1, 2018.[4]

Route[edit]

The railway is to follow a 387 km (240 mi) route from Shenzhen North railway station to Maoming East railway station. The existing Xinhui branch[5] of the Guangzhou–Zhuhai Intercity Railway will be included as a central link, with 265 km (165 mi) of new trackage extending west to Maoming and then a new tunnel across the Pearl River Delta from Shenzhen south of the Humen Bridge.

Starting at Shenzhen North, the railway will travel through a tunnel to Airport North[6] at Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport. It will then cross through a tunnel underneath the Pearl River[7] before reaching Xiaolan, Guzhen, Waihai, Jiangmen South, Shuangshui, Taishan, Kaiping, Enping, Dahuai, Heshan, Yangjiang, Yangxi, Mata, Guanzhu,Dianbai and Maoming East.

Construction[edit]

The Maoming–Zhanjiang section was constructed between 2009 and 2013. Although officially opened on December 28, 2013, no high-speed trains started using it at the time.

Construction of the 387-km Shenzhen–Maoming railway was carried out in two phases: (1) the Jiangmen–Maoming section and (2) the Shenzhen–Jiangmen section. Phase one from Jiangmen to Maoming started in June 2014[3] and was opened on July 1, 2018.[8] [4] From this point on, thru high-speed service started along the Guangzhou–Jiangmen–Maoming–Zhanjiang route.

A special feature of Phase 1 is the a 2,036-meter steel tunnel protecting the Birds' Paradise from the noise of the high speed line. The noise barrier reduces the noise of the train to about 50 dB SPL at the bird park, which is only 800 meters away from the high-speed line.[9] Phase two from Shenzhen to Jiangmen was delayed due to the complicated geographic condition of the mouth of the Pearl River and the large budget, 65.2 billion yuan (US$9.88 billion). Construction of phase two is expected to begin 2018.[10][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shenzhen–Maoming Railway announced in 12th 5 Year Plan". Shenzhen Daily. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Shenzhen–Maoming Railway tenders called for". Shenzhen Daily. 31 July 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Shenzhen–Maoming high speed rail under construction". gateway to guangdong news. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2017. Maoming section was officially started in June 28, 2014.
  4. ^ a b 江湛铁路7月1日正式开通 改写粤西群众出行版图. 南方网. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
  5. ^ "There will be a new station in the Shenzhen–Maoming railway". Jiangmen Municipal Government. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Two new stations to be constructed along Shenzhen-Maoming railway". Shenzhen Standard. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  7. ^ a b "SZ-Jiangmen rail to adopt tunnel plan". shenzhen daily. 19 September 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  8. ^ "China". International Railway Journal. No. August. 2018. p. 11.
  9. ^ Quanlin, Qiu (26 December 2017). "Noise barrier protects birds from loud trains". China Daily. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Work to start on high-speed rail to Jiangmen". eyeshenzhen.com. 31 August 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017.