At the Paralympic Games there are various classifications of athletes with a visual impairment.
The sighted guides are such a close and essential part of the competition, that the athlete with a visual impairment and the guide are considered a team, and both athletes are medal candidates.
At the Winter Paralympics there are three classifications of athletes with a visual impairment:
A sighted guide is required for B1 and B2, and optional for B3.
The guide can lead, follow, or ski next to the athlete with a visual impairment. The guide assists with voice instruction only. No physical contact allowed.
- Giant slalom
- Visually impaired skiers put fate in guide's hands, thestar.com, March 13, 2010
- A look at the Paralympic Games, Universal Sports, March 9, 2010
- IBSA Alpine Skiing rules 2005-2009, International Blind Sports Association (IBSA)
- Visually impaired skiers put fate in guide's hands, Toronto Star, March 13, 2010
- Exclusive: Guides to be awarded Paralympic medals at London 2012, insideworldparasport.biz, February 12, 2011