Sikule language

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Sikule
Wali Banuah
Native toIndonesia
RegionAceh, Sumatra
Native speakers
(undated figure of 20,000)[1]
Austronesian
Language codes
ISO 639-3skh
Glottologsiku1242[2]

The Sikule language (also called Sibigo, Sigulai, Ageumeui, or Wali Banuah) is an Austronesian language spoken on Simeulue island off the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia.[3] It belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian languages. Sikule is one of Northwest Sumatra–Barrier Islands languages, which are a sub-group of Western Malayo-Polynesian.[4]

Sikule is spoken in Alafan district, on the western end of Simeulue island. It is apparently related to the Nias language.[5] Ethnologue lists Lekon and Tapah as dialects.[1]

Simeulue is spoken in the rest of Simeulue outside of Alafan, while Jamu (also called Kamano), related to Minangkabau, is spoken in the capital city of Sinabang.

Phonology[edit]

The vowel and consonant phonemes of Sikule are shown in the tables below.[6]

Sikule vowel phonemes
Front Central Back
Close i ɨ u
Mid e ə o
Open a
Sikule consonant phonemes
Labial Alveolar Post-alveolar/Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive/Affricate voiceless p t t͡ʃ k (ʔ)
voiced b d d͡ʒ ɡ
Fricative s x h
Approximant central j
lateral l
Trill r

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sikule at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sikule". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Tsunami 1907: Early Interpretation and its Development Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  5. ^ http://asiaharvest.org/wp-content/themes/asia/docs/people-groups/Indonesia/Simeulue.pdf
  6. ^ Nothofer, 1986, p. 96

Sources[edit]

  • Adelaar, Alexander, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar: A Historical Perspective, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar, pp. 1-42, Routledge Language Family Series, London, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-7007-1286-0
  • Nothofer, Bernd, The Barrier Island Languages in the Austronesian Language Family, Focal II: Papers From the Fourth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics, pp. 87-109, Pacific Linguistics, Series C 94, Canberra, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University, 1986.