Sir John Beresford, 1st Baronet

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Sir John Poo Beresford
Died2 October 1844
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service1782–1835
Commands heldHMS Hussar
HMS Prevoyante
HMS Poictiers
Leith Station
Commander-in-Chief, The Nore
Battles/warsWar of 1812
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Royal Guelphic Order

Admiral Sir John Poo Beresford, 1st Baronet, GCH (1766 – 2 October 1844) was a Royal Navy admiral, Second Sea Lord and Conservative MP.

Naval career[edit]

Beresford, an illegitimate son of George and also a brother of William, joined the Royal Navy in 1782.[1]

In summer 1809, he was called as a witness at the Court-martial of James, Lord Gambier which assessed whether Admiral Lord Gambier had failed to support Captain Lord Cochrane at the Battle of Basque Roads in April 1809. Gambier was controversially cleared of all charges.[2]

During the War of 1812, as captain of HMS Poictiers, he ineptly bombarded Lewes in Delaware. The Beresford-led Poictiers-four hours after USS Wasp, commanded by Jacob Jones, captured HMS Frolic-captured Wasp, recaptured Frolic and brought both to Bermuda. Later, he was Commanders-in-Chief of Leith Station (1821–25) and The Nore (1830-33).[3]

He was MP for Coleraine 1809–12 & 1814–23, Berwick-upon-Tweed 1823–26, Northallerton 1826–32, and Chatham 1835–37.

Beresford was knighted in 1812,[1] and baroneted - Bagnall County Waterford in 1814 (see here).[4]


On 22 June 1809 in London, Beresford married Mary Molloy, the daughter of Captain Anthony James Pye Molloy; they had a son, George Pippy, before Mary's death in 1813. On 17 August 1815, in London, Beresford was remarried to Harriet Elizabeth Peirse, daughter of Henry Peirse, and with her had two sons (Henry William and John George) and four daughters (Harriet Charlotte, Mary Anne Araminta [d.1818], Georgiana and Mary Anne Catherine). Harriet died in 1825, and Beresford was again married to Amelia Peach, widow of Samuel Peach and daughter of James Bailie, on 26 May 1836 in Armagh, Ireland. They had no children, and Amelia outlived him. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son from the first marriage, George Pippy, who, as he had no surviving sons, was later succeeded by his half-nephew.[5]


  1. ^ a b Lambert 2004.
  2. ^ Gurney, W. B. (1809). Minutes of a court-martial . . . on the trial of James Lord Gambier. Mottey, Harrison & Miller.
  3. ^ William Loney RN
  4. ^ Laughton 1885.
  5. ^ "Beresford-Peirse, of Bagnall, Waterford". Cracroft's Peerage.


External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Walter Jones
Member of Parliament for Coleraine
Succeeded by
Lord George Beresford
Preceded by
Viscount Ossulston
Sir Francis Blake, Bt.
Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed
With: Sir Francis Blake, Bt.
Succeeded by
Marcus Beresford
John Gladstone
Preceded by
William Lascelles
Marcus Beresford
Member of Parliament for Northallerton
With: Henry Lascelles to 1831
William Lascelles from 1831
Succeeded by
John George Boss
Preceded by
William Taylor Copeland
Member of Parliament for Coleraine
Succeeded by
William Taylor Copeland
Preceded by
George Stevens Byng
Member of Parliament for Chatham
Succeeded by
George Stevens Byng
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Blackwood
Commander-in-Chief, The Nore
Succeeded by
Sir Richard King
Preceded by
Sir William Parker
Second Naval Lord
Succeeded by
Sir William Parker
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New title Baronet
of Bagnall
Succeeded by
George Beresford