Sir Richard Martin, 1st Baronet, of Overbury Court
Martin was the older of two sons of Robert Martin (1808–1897) of Overbury Court near Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire and his wife, Mary Ann (d. 1892), who was the daughter of John Biddulph of the banking firm of Cocks, Biddulph & Co. His younger brother John Biddulph Martin was also a banker and statistician. Robert Martin was a partner of the Grasshopper Bank, which later became Martins Bank.
He was educated at Harrow School and at Exeter College, Oxford, before joining his maternal grandfather's bank. He later became one of the founders of the British North Borneo Company and of the Institute of Bankers.
Martin first stood for election to the House of Commons at the 1868 general election, when he was an unsuccessful candidate in the Eastern division of Worcestershire. He was unsuccessful again in next candidacy, at the 1880 general election in the City of London.
However, 3 months later he was elected as Member of Parliament (MP) for Tewkesbury at a by-election held in July 1880 after the result of the general election in April was overturned on petition. Several of his ancestors had held the seat in the past, but Richard was the last Martin to represent Tewkesbury. The Parliamentary Borough of Tewkesbury was abolished under the Reform Act 1885 and replaced with a wider county division of Gloucestershire.
When the Liberal Party split over Irish Home Rule, he joined the breakaway Liberal Unionist Party, and stood as a Liberal Unionist in the Ashburton division of Devon, again without success. He finally returned to Parliament at the 1892 general election as MP for the Droitwich division of Worcestershire, replacing the Liberal Unionist John Corbett, who had retired. Martin remained Droitwich's MP until he stood down at the 1906 general election.
- "Baronetcies beginning with "M" (part 2)". Leigh Rayment's Baronetage pages. Retrieved 30 April 2009.
- Lawrence Goldman, ‘Woodhull, Victoria Claflin (1838–1927)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oxford University Press, Oct 2008 accessed 1 May 2009
- Martin, John Biddulph (1968) . The Grasshopper in Lombard Street. Ayer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8337-2266-9.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 6, 304, 485. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 255, 275, 420. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- "The Fishmongers' company". The Times (36062). London. 10 February 1900. p. 6.
- "Past Presidents". Royal Statistical Society website. Retrieved 1 May 2009.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Richard Martin
- Richard Biddulph Martin in the National Register of Archives
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
William Edwin Price
| Member of Parliament for Tewkesbury
1880 – 1885
John Reginald Yorke
| Member of Parliament for Droitwich
1892 – 1906
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baronet
(of Overbury Court, Gloucestershire)