Sir Thomas Green
|Sir Thomas Green|
|Died||9 November 1506 (aged 44–45)|
|Buried||St Bartholomew's Church, Greens Norton|
|Spouse(s)||Joan (or Jane) Fogge|
|Father||Sir Thomas Greene|
Sir Thomas Green (c.1461 – 9 November 1506) was the son of Sir Thomas Greene (d. 1468) and Matilda Throckmorton (d. 1496), grandson of Sir Thomas Greene (d. 9 September 1462) and Philippa de Ferrers (d. 1458). He is best known as the grandfather of Katherine Parr, last wife of Henry VIII.
A branch of the Green family resided at Greens Norton in Northamptonshire from the fourteenth century until the death of the last Sir Thomas Green without male heirs in 1506. In 1355 Sir Henry Green and Thomas, his son, paid 20 shillings for licence to purchase Greens Norton, then known as the manor of Norton Davy. Shortly afterwards a fine was levied of the manor to Sir Henry Green and his heirs in fee-tail. The inquisition post mortem taken after the death of Sir Henry Green's son and heir, Thomas, in 1392, found that the manor and the advowson of the church of St Bartholomew were held of the King in capite by knight service.
Little is known of Sir Thomas Green's life. A brass erected to his memory in the church of St Bartholomew at Greens Norton records that he was the son of Sir Thomas Greene (d. 9 September 1462) and Maud Throckmorton, the daughter of John Throckmorton (d. 12 April 1445), Under-Treasurer of England; the grandson of Sir Thomas Greene (d. 18 January 1462) and Philippa Ferrers, the daughter of Robert Ferrers, 4th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (d. 12 or 13 March 1413), and Margaret Despenser, daughter of Edward le Despenser, K.G., 4th Lord le Despenser; and the great-grandson of Sir Thomas Greene (d. 14 December 1417) and Mary Talbot (d. 13 April 1434), daughter of Richard Talbot 4th Baron Lord Talbot (d. 8 or 9 September 1396), and Ankaret le Strange (d. 1 June 1413), daughter of John le Strange, 4th Baron Strange (d. 12 May 1361) of Blackmere. According to Fraser, his traits were those of any man of the time: he was conservative in religion, quarrelsome, conniving, and prone to taking the law into his own hands.
On 6 and 17 November 1505, inquisitions post mortem were taken concerning his lands in which the jurors found that he was 43 years of age at that date, and that his father, Sir Thomas Greene the elder, had died 9 September 1462 seised in fee of certain manors, and that his mother, Maud Greene, had 'entered and intruded into the premises and received all the issues thereof' from the date of his father's death until Michaelmas (29 September) 1482, 'immediately after which feast the said Thomas Grene, the son, entered and intruded without ever suing or obtaining licence from Edward IV or the present king or livery out of the king’s hands, and has received the issues thereof ever since'.
He was sent to the Tower of London about that time on a trumped up charge of treason, and died there on 9 November 1506. The circumstances of the treason charge are set forth in Hardying's Chronicle:
Also shortly after the departing of [the earl] Philip, George Neville, Lord of Bergavenny, and Sir Thomas Grene, knight, were suspected to be guilty of the treason that Edmund Pole had wrought, and so cast in prison, but shortly after, when they had purged themselves of that suspicion and crime, they were delivered, albeit this knight, Sir Thomas Grene, died in prison. The other lord, for his soberness of living & true heart that he bare to his prince, was had in greater estimation than ever he was before.
In connection with the treason charge, Green was mentioned in a deposition by an unnamed person who had been urged to enter Edmund de la Pole's service, but who had determined to consult with 'astronomers' as to what would be Pole's ‘likely fortune’ before doing so.
An inquisition post mortem taken on 13 March 1507 found that Green had died seised of the keepership of Whittlewood Forest and the manors of Norton Davy, Boughton, Little Brampton, Pysford, Great Houghton and Great Doddington, and 30 messuages, 600 acres of land, 300 acres of meadow, 1000 acres of pasture, £20 rent and 200 acres of wood in Norton Davy, Boughton, Little Brampton, Pysford, Great Houghton, Great Doddington, Sewell, Potcote, Higham Parva alias Cold Higham, and Middleton, and that his heirs were his two daughters, Anne Greene, aged 17 years and more, and Maud Green, aged 13 years and more.
The last of his line, he left two motherless daughters. As he had no male heirs, his estates passed to the Parr and Vaux families, into which his two daughters married.
- Anne Green (c.1489 - before 14 May 1523), who married the fore-mentioned Elizabeth FitzHugh's second husband, Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden (d. 14 May 1523), by whom she was the mother of Thomas Vaux, 2nd Baron Vaux of Harrowden.
- Maud Green (6 April 1492 – 1 December 1531), who married Sir Thomas Parr, son of William Parr, 1st Baron Parr of Kendal, and Elizabeth FitzHugh (d. before 10 July 1507).
- According to Fraser, Sir Henry Green and his wife, Katherine Drayton, were ancestors of the pioneer settler Anne Hutchinson, born Anne Marbury.
- Whellan 1874, pp. 516-17.
- Carpenter 2004.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 159-60, 260-1.
- Richardson states that she was Margaret le Despenser, daughter of Edward le Despenser, 4th Baron le Despenser.
- Richardson I 2011, pp. 209-11.
- Richardson II 2011, pp. 260-1.
- Richardson IV 2011, pp. 166-9.
- Ellecombe 1840, p. 62.
- Brass Rubbings Collection, Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology, University of Oxford Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- 'Parishes: Carshalton', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 178-188 Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Fraser 1993, "Catherine Parr".
- Evans 1955, pp. 514, 582.
- Evans 1955, p. 163.
- Ellis 1812, p. 588.
- Gairdner 1861, p. 226.
- Evans 1955, pp. 163-4.
- Richardson III 2011, pp. 290-1.
- Weir, Alison. Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London: The Bodley Head, 1999), p. 154.
- Carpenter, Christine (2004). "Throgmorton, John (d. 1445)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27392. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Ellecombe, H.N. (1840). "Impressions of Brasses Received in 1842". The Rules and Proceedings of the Oxford Society for Promoting the Study of Gothic Architecture. Oxford: 45–65. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Ellis, Henry, ed. (1812). The Chronicle of John Hardyng. London: London: F.C. and J. Rivington. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Evans, D.L., ed. (1955). Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem. III. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Fraser, Antonia (1993). "Catherine Parr". The Wives of Henry VIII. Vintage Publishing.
- Gairdner, James, ed. (1861). Letters and Papers Illustrative of the Reigns of Richard III and Henry VII. I. London: Longman Green. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 144996639X.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G., ed. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. IV (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1460992709.
- Whellan, Francis (1874). "History, Topography and Directory of Northamptonshire". Archaeologia Cantiana (2nd ed.). London: Whittaker and Co. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
- Maud Green (1492-December 1, 1531), A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: G, compiled by Kathy Lynn Emerson to update and correct Wives and Daughters: The Women of Sixteenth-Century England (1984) Retrieved 27 September 2013
- Thomas Grene (Green), knight: Northamptonshire, inquisition post mortem, 22 Henry VII (22 August 1506 – 21 August 1507), C 142/20/74, National Archives Retrieved 28
- Greens Norton, Northamptonshire Retrieved 28 September 2013
- Church of St Bartholomew, Greens Norton Retrieved 28 September 2013