Sissy Spacek

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Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek by David Shankbone (cropped).jpg
Spacek at the 2010 Tribeca Film Festival
Born
Mary Elizabeth Spacek

(1949-12-25) December 25, 1949 (age 69)
Quitman, Texas, U.S.
ResidenceCharlottesville, Virginia
Alma materActors Studio
Occupation
  • Actress
  • singer
Years active1970–present
Spouse(s)
Jack Fisk (m. 1974)
Children2, including Schuyler Fisk
RelativesRip Torn (cousin)

Mary Elizabeth "Sissy" Spacek (/ˈspsɛk/; born December 25, 1949) is an American actress and singer. She is the recipient of various accolades including an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, two Critics' Choice Movie Awards, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and nominations for four BAFTA Awards, three Primetime Emmy Awards, and a Grammy Award. She has also received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Born and raised in Texas, Spacek initially aspired a career as a singer. In 1968, using the name "Rainbo", she recorded a single, "John, You've Gone Too Far This Time". Sales of her music sputtered, however, and she was dropped from her record label. She subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute. Spacek began her professional acting career in the early 1970s, making her debut with a minor role in Andy Warhol's Women in Revolt (1971) and received attention for her role as Holly Sargis in Terrence Malick's Badlands (1973).

Spacek rose to prominence with her portrayal of Carrie White in Brian De Palma's Carrie (1976), for which she received her first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress. Following her appearances in the acclaimed films Welcome to L.A. (1976) and Robert Altman's 3 Women (1977), she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Loretta Lynn in the biographical musical Coal Miner's Daughter (1980). Her other Oscar-nominated roles include Missing (1982), The River (1984), Crimes of the Heart (1986) and In the Bedroom (2001). Spacek also appeared in the films Raggedy Man (1981), JFK (1991), Affliction (1997), The Straight Story (1999), Tuck Everlasting (2002), Nine Lives (2005), North Country (2005), Four Christmases (2008), Get Low (2010), The Help (2011), and The Old Man & the Gun (2018).

On television, Spacek received Primetime Emmy Award nominations for the television films The Good Old Boys (1995) and Last Call (2002), and the HBO drama series Big Love (2011). She portrayed matriarch Sally Rayburn on the Netflix drama thriller series Bloodline (2015–2017),[1] Ruth Deaver on the Hulu psychological horror series Castle Rock (2018), and Ellen Bergman on the Prime Video psychological thriller series Homecoming (2018).

As a singer, Spacek sang all of Loretta Lynn's songs for the soundtrack album of Coal Miner's Daughter, which garnered her a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Female Country Vocal Performance. She also released a debut studio album, Hangin' Up My Heart (1983), which was critically well received and peaked at no. 17 on Billboard Top Country Albums.

Early life[edit]

Spacek was born on December 25, 1949, in Quitman, Texas, the daughter of Virginia Frances (née Spilman; December 18, 1917 – November 10, 1981) and Edwin Arnold Spacek Sr. (July 3, 1910 – January 7, 2001),[2] a county agricultural agent. Spacek's father was of three quarters Czech (Moravian) and one quarter German ancestry; her paternal grandparents were Mary (Cervenka) and Arnold A. Spacek (who served as mayor of Granger, Texas, in Williamson County).[3][4] Actor Rip Torn was a first cousin; his mother Thelma Torn (née Spacek) was an elder sister of Sissy's father Edwin.

Spacek's mother, who was of English and Irish descent, was from the Rio Grande Valley of Texas.[5] At age six, Spacek performed on stage for the first time, appearing in a local talent show.[6] Although her birth name was Mary Elizabeth, she always was called Sissy by her brothers, which led to her stage name. She attended Quitman High School[6] and was named homecoming queen at her senior prom.[7]

In 1967, Spacek was affected greatly by the death of her close 18-year-old brother Robbie from leukemia when she was 17, which she has called "the defining event of my whole life".[8] Spacek said the personal tragedy made her fearless in her acting career: "I think it made me brave. Once you experience something like that, you've experienced the ultimate tragedy. And if you can continue, nothing else frightens you. That's what I meant about it being rocket fuel – I was fearless in a way. Maybe it gave more depth to my work because I had already experienced something profound and life-changing."[9]

Career[edit]

1970s and beginning of acting career[edit]

Spacek initially aspired to a career in singing. In 1968, using the name Rainbo, Spacek recorded a single titled "John You Went Too Far This Time", the lyrics of which chided John Lennon for his and Yoko Ono's nude album cover for Two Virgins. Sales of her music sputtered, however, and she was dropped from her record label. Spacek subsequently switched her focus to acting, enrolling at the Lee Strasberg Theatre and Film Institute. She worked for a time as a photographic model (represented by Ford Models) and as an extra at Andy Warhol's Factory. She appeared in a non-credited role in his film Trash (1970). With the help of actor Rip Torn, her cousin, she enrolled in Lee Strasberg's Actors Studio and then the Lee Strasberg Institute in New York. Her first credited role was in Prime Cut (1972), in which she played Poppy, a girl sold into sexual slavery.[5] The role led to television work, which included a guest role in The Waltons, which she played twice in 1973. Spacek received international attention after landing her breakthrough role in Terrence Malick's Badlands (1973), in which she played Holly, the film's narrator and a 15-year-old girlfriend of mass-murderer Kit (Martin Sheen).[5] Spacek has described Badlands as the "most incredible" experience of her career.[10] Vincent Canby of The New York Times called the film a "cool, sometimes brilliant, always ferociously American film" and wrote, "Sheen and Miss Spacek are splendid as the self-absorbed, cruel, possibly psychotic children of our time."[11] On the set of Badlands, Spacek met art director Jack Fisk, whom she married in 1974.[6] She worked as the set dresser for DePalma's film Phantom of the Paradise (1974).

Spacek's most prominent early role came in Brian De Palma's film Carrie (1976), in which she played Carietta "Carrie" White, a shy, troubled high school senior with telekinetic powers.[5] Spacek had to work hard to persuade director de Palma to engage her for the role.[5] After rubbing Vaseline into her hair and donning an old sailor dress her mother made for her as a child, Spacek turned up at the audition with the odds against her, but won the part.[12] Spacek's performance was widely praised, and Pauline Kael of The New Yorker wrote, "Though few actresses have distinguished themselves in gothics, Sissy Spacek, who is onscreen almost continuously, gives a classic chameleon performance. She shifts back and forth and sideways: a nasal, whining child; a chaste young beauty at the prom; and then a second transformation when her destructive impulses burst out and age her. Sissy Spacek uses her freckled pallor and whitish eyelashes to suggest a squashed, groggy girl who could go in any direction; at times, she seems unborn – a fetus. I don't see how this performance could be any better; she's touching, like Elizabeth Hartman in one of her victim roles, but she's also unearthly – a changeling."[13] She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her work in the film.

After Carrie, Spacek played the small role of housekeeper Linda Murray in Alan Rudolph's ensemble piece Welcome to LA (1976) and cemented her reputation in independent cinema with her performance as Pinky Rose in Robert Altman's classic 3 Women (1977). A review in The New York Times wrote "In this film Miss Spacek adds a new dimension of eeriness to the waif she played so effectively in Carrie."[14] Altman was deeply impressed by her performance: "She's remarkable, one of the top actresses I've ever worked with. Her resources are like a deep well." Brian de Palma added: "[Spacek is] a phantom. She has this mysterious way of slipping into a part, letting it take over her. She's got a wider range than any young actress I know."[15] Spacek helped finance Eraserhead (1977), David Lynch's directorial debut, and she is thanked in the credits of the film.

1980s and Oscar win[edit]

Spacek began the 1980s with an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in Coal Miner's Daughter (1980), in which she played country music star Loretta Lynn, who selected her for the role.[5] In the film, both she and Beverly D'Angelo, who played Patsy Cline, performed their own singing.[5] Film critic Roger Ebert has credited the movie's success "to the performance by Sissy Spacek as Loretta Lynn. With the same sort of magical chemistry she's shown before, when she played the high school kid in Carrie, Spacek at 29 has the ability to appear to be almost any age on screen. Here, she ages from about 14 to somewhere in her 30s, always looks the age, and never seems to be wearing makeup."[16] In addition, Andrew Sarris of The Village Voice wrote "Sissy Spacek – yes, I'm flabbergasted – is simple and faithful as Lynn. Spacek's face is no more of an actor's instrument than it ever was, but given a human being to play, given a director concerned with acting, she makes that woman exist. She sings the songs herself, nicely, and she has mastered the Appalachian accent."[17] Spacek also was nominated for a Grammy Award for her singing on the film's soundtrack album. She followed this with her own country album titled Hangin' Up My Heart (1983); the album spawned one hit single, "Lonely But Only For You", a song written by K. T. Oslin, which reached No. 15 on the Billboard Country chart.[18]

In the film Heart Beat (1980), Spacek played Carolyn Cassady, who slipped (under the influence of John Heard's Jack Kerouac and Nick Nolte's Neal Cassady) into a combination of drudgery and debauchery.[19][20] Spacek was so adamant about getting the role that she pored through over 4,000 pages of research to prepare for her character. Producer Ed Pressman and director John Byrum took her to dinner to advise her that she did not have the role. Spacek was so distraught at the news that she shattered a glass of wine in her hand. After that, Pressman walked up to Spacek with a piece of shattered glass and told her she had the role. He said that Spacek breaking the glass clinched the deal, and they believed she ultimately would best suit the part.[21] The film was released on April 25, 1980 to mixed reviews.[22] Still, Roger Ebert felt her performance as Carolyn was "wonderfully played" and described her scenes with Heard and Nolte as "almost poetic".[23]

Also in the 1980s, Spacek starred with Jack Lemmon in Constantin Costa-Gavras's political thriller Missing (1982, based on the book The Execution of Charles Horman) and appeared with Mel Gibson in the rural drama The River (1984), and with Diane Keaton and Jessica Lange in 1986's Crimes of the Heart (1986).[5] She was nominated for the Best Actress Oscar for all of these roles, but won her second Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for the latter.[5] Other performances of the decade included star turns in husband Jack Fisk's directorial debut Raggedy Man (1981) and the drama 'night, Mother (1986).[5] Spacek showed a lighter side by voicing the brain in the Steve Martin comedy The Man with Two Brains (1983).[24]

1990s–2010s[edit]

Spacek receiving her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2011

She had a supporting role as the wife of Jim Garrison (played by Kevin Costner) in Oliver Stone's JFK (1991) and made a number of comedies, TV movies, and the occasional film. Most notable of her appearances during these years was her turn as the evil Verena Talbo in the ensemble piece The Grass Harp (1995), which reunited her with both Piper Laurie and Jack Lemmon, as well as a supporting performance as the waitress Margie Fogg in Paul Schrader's father-son psychodrama Affliction (1997). She also played Rose Straight in David Lynch's The Straight Story (1999) and the mother of Brendan Fraser's character in Blast from the Past.

In 2001, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her work in Todd Field's In the Bedroom (2001).[5] The New York Times film critic Stephen Holden said of her work in the film: "Ms. Spacek's performance is as devastating as it is unflashy. With the slight tightening of her neck muscles and a downward twitch of her mouth, she conveys her character's relentlessness, then balances it with enough sweetness to make Ruth seem entirely human. It is one of Ms. Spacek's greatest performances."[25] Her performance as Ruth Fowler, a grieving mother consumed by revenge, won extraordinary praise and garnered the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress[26] as well as the Critics' Choice Award for Best Actress, Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama, and Independent Spirit Award for Best Female Lead, and many others.[27][28]

With her sixth best actress Academy Award nomination, Spacek became only the eighth actress to be nominated for at least six leading role Oscars. Spacek is the most recent inductee to this list.

Other performances of this decade include unfaithful wife Ruth in Rodrigo García's Nine Lives (2005) and a turn as a woman suffering from Alzheimer's in the television movie Pictures of Hollis Woods (2007). In 2008, Spacek had a supporting part in the Christmas comedy Four Christmases and a lead role in the independent drama Lake City. Spacek appeared on the HBO drama series Big Love for a multi-episode arc as a powerful Washington, D.C. lobbyist.[29]

In 2005, she narrated the audiobook of the original Carrie novel by Stephen King.[30] In 2006, she narrated the Harper Lee novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1960), which sold over 30 million copies. In 2011, she received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[31] Spacek was featured in The Help (2011), directed by Tate Taylor, and with the cast, was awarded with the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture for their performance in the film.[32]

In 2012, Spacek published a memoir, My Extraordinary Ordinary Life, with co-author Maryanne Vollers.[33][34] The Washington Post's Jen Chaney called it "refreshingly down-to-earth" and "beautifully written".[35] She also mentioned that Spacek's description of her childhood is so "evocative that one can almost taste the sour stalks of goatweed she chewed on steamy summer afternoons". Jay Stafford of Richmond Times-Dispatch pointed out that, unlike other actors' autobiographies, Spacek's "benefits from good writing and remarkable frankness".[36] The Austin Chronicle's Margaret Moser stated that Spacek's memoir is "as easy to read as it is a pleasure to digest".[37] Joe Muscolino of the Biographile gave the book a 5 out of 5 rating, saying that it "does not disappoint".[38] Kirkus Reviews, however, was less appreciative of the book, calling it "an average memoir" and "overly detailed", while criticizing its lack of "narrative arc", but complimented Spacek for being "truly down-to-earth".[39] It further criticized that "the book is 'ordinary' and does not have enough drama to engage readers not directly interested in Spacek and her work", and ended by saying that it's "for die-hard movie buffs and Spacek fans only".[39]

Spacek became the first actor to appear in a film nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture in each of the four most recent decades. Each film was released at or near the beginning of its decade: Coal Miner's Daughter (1980), Missing (1982), JFK (1991), In the Bedroom (2001), and The Help (2011).

Spacek went on to appear in the crime drama film Deadfall (2012). She also co-starred with Robert Redford, in his final role before his retirement, in the biographical crime film The Old Man & the Gun (2018), which received critical acclaim.

Spacek had starring roles in a variety of television series in the late-2010s. She starred as the matriarch Sally Rayburn in the Netflix drama thriller series Bloodline, which aired from 2015 to 2017. She then starred as Ruth Deaver on the Hulu psychological horror series Castle Rock (2018), which intertwines characters and themes from Stephen King's fictional town of Castle Rock, Maine. Spacek also had a starring role as Ellen Bergman, the mother of Julia Roberts' character, in the Prime Video psychological thriller series Homecoming (2018).

Personal life[edit]

Spacek married production designer and art director Jack Fisk in 1974, after they met on the set of Badlands.[5] Fisk later directed her in the films Raggedy Man (1981) and Violets Are Blue (1986). They have two daughters, Schuyler Fisk (born July 8, 1982) and Madison Fisk (born September 21, 1988).[40] Schuyler Fisk has followed in her mother's footsteps as both an actress and a singer. In 1982, Spacek and her family moved to a farm near Charlottesville, Virginia.[41]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1972 Prime Cut Poppy
1973 Badlands Holly Sargis
1974 Ginger in the Morning Ginger Filmed in 1972[42]
1976 Carrie Carrie White
1976 Welcome to L.A. Linda Murray
1977 3 Women Pinky Rose
1980 Coal Miner's Daughter Loretta Lynn
1980 Heart Beat Carolyn Cassady
1981 Raggedy Man Nita Longley
1982 Missing Beth Horman
1983 The Man with Two Brains Anne Uumellmahaye Voice only, uncredited[24]
1984 The River Mae Garvey
1985 Marie Marie Ragghianti
1986 Violets Are Blue Augusta 'Gussie' Sawyer
1986 'night, Mother Jessie Cates
1986 Crimes of the Heart Babe Magrath Botrelle
1990 The Long Walk Home Miriam Thompson
1991 Hard Promises Christine Ann Coalter
1991 JFK Liz Garrison
1994 Trading Mom Mrs. Martin and various roles
1995 The Grass Harp Verena Talbo
1997 Affliction Margie Fogg
1999 Blast from the Past Helen Thomas Webber
1999 The Straight Story Rose "Rosie" Straight
2001 In the Bedroom Ruth Fowler
2001 Midwives Sibyl Danforth
2002 Tuck Everlasting Mae Tuck
2004 A Home at the End of the World Alice Glover
2005 Nine Lives Ruth
2005 The Ring Two Evelyn
2005 North Country Alice Aimes
2005 An American Haunting Lucy Bell
2007 Gray Matters Sydney
2007 Hot Rod Marie Powell
2007 Pictures of Hollis Woods Josie Cahill
2008 Lake City Maggie
2008 Four Christmases Paula
2009 Get Low Mattie Darrow
2011 The Help Mrs. Walters
2012 Deadfall June Mills
2016 River of Gold [43] Narrator Documentary
2018 The Old Man & the Gun Jewel

Television[edit]

Year Title Notes
1973 Love, American Style Teri Episode: "Love and the Older Lover"
1973 The Girls of Huntington House Sara Television film
1973 The Waltons Sarah Jane Simmonds 2 episodes
1973 The Rookies Barbara Tabnor Episode: "Sound of Silence"
1974 The Migrants Wanda Trimpin Television film
1975 Katherine Katherine Alman Television film
1978 Verna: USO Girl Verna Vane Television film
1992 A Private Matter Sherri Finkbine Television film
1994 A Place for Annie Susan Lansing Television film
1995 The Good Old Boys Spring Renfro Television film
1995 Streets of Laredo Lorena Parker 3 episodes
1996 Beyond the Call Pam O'Brien Television film
1996 If These Walls Could Talk Barbara Barrows Television film; segment: "1974"
2000 Songs in Ordinary Time Marie Fermoyle Television film
2002 Last Call Zelda Fitzgerald Television film
2009 Appalachia: A History of Mountains and People Narrator 4 episodes
2010 Gimme Shelter Adrienne Nourse Pilot
2010–2011 Big Love Marilyn Densham 5 episodes
2015–2017 Bloodline Sally Rayburn 33 episodes
2018 Castle Rock Ruth Deaver 10 episodes
2018 Homecoming Ellen Bergman 6 episodes

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Year Album US Country Label
1983 Hangin' Up My Heart 17 Atlantic

Singles[edit]

Year Single Chart positions Album
US Country US Bubbling CAN Country
1980 "Coal Miner's Daughter" 24 7 Coal Miner's Daughter (Soundtrack)
"Back in Baby's Arms" 71
1983 "Lonely but Only for You" 15 10 13 Hangin' Up My Heart
1984 "If I Can Just Get Through the Night" 57 41
"If You Could Only See Me Now" 79

Awards and nominations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prudom, Laura (September 14, 2016). "'Bloodline' Ending After Season 3 on Netflix". Retrieved September 14, 2016.
  2. ^ "Edwin A Spacek – US Social Security Death Index". Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  3. ^ "Sissy Spacek The Coal Miner's Daughter". New Straits Times. October 9, 1981. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  4. ^ Ancestry of Sissy Spacek. Wargs.com.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Stated on Inside the Actors Studio, 2002
  6. ^ a b c "Sissy Spacek". Bio. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
  7. ^ "Sissy Spacek". US Magazine. September 26, 2011. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  8. ^ Ouzounian, Richard (April 27, 2012). "Big Interview: Sissy Spacek". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  9. ^ "Sissy Spacek: "I was fearless"". The Guardian. March 19, 2015. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  10. ^ "Sissy Spacek's shy career". BBC.co.uk. February 7, 2002.
  11. ^ Canby, Vincent (October 15, 1973). "Badlands". NYT Critics' Pick. The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ Brian De Palma.net, archived from the original on September 21, 2007
  13. ^ https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1976/11/22/the-curse. Pauline Kael. The New Yorker. Carrie 1976 review.
  14. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1977/04/11/archives/altmans-3-women-a-moving-film-shelley-duvall-in-memorable-role.html. Vincent Canby. The New York Times. Two Women 1977 review.
  15. ^ "Show Business: Basic Spacek: Keeping Life Tidy". Time. December 6, 1976. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
  16. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1980). "Coal Miner's Daughter". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved June 18, 2008.
  17. ^ Andrew Sarris, Village Voice. Coal Miner's Daughter review. March 10, 1980
  18. ^ Joel Whitburn's Music Yearbook (1983) ISBN 978-0-898-20163-5 p. 154
  19. ^ Cassady, Carolyn (July 1976). Heartbeat: My Life with Jack and Neal. Creative Arts Book Company. ISBN 978-0916870034.
  20. ^ Brenner, Paul. "Heart Beat > Overview". AllMovie. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
  21. ^ "From a nymphette to weirdo". The Montreal Gazette. November 19, 1979. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  22. ^ "Heart Beat (1980) at Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
  23. ^ https://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/heart-beat-1980. Roger Ebert. Heart Beat review. February 11, 1980.
  24. ^ a b "Movies You Might Have Missed: Carl Reiner's The Man with Two Brains". The Independent. June 21, 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
  25. ^ Holden, Stephen (November 23, 2001). "When Grief Becomes A Member of the Family". The New York Times.
  26. ^ King, Susan (December 16, 2001). "'Bedroom' Is Top Pick of L.A. Film Critics". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  27. ^ Broadcast Film Critics Association. "7th Critics' Choice Movie Awards Winners and Nominees". Broadcast Film Critics Association. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  28. ^ LaSalle, Mick (January 21, 2002). "Golden Globes 2002 / A night for the Aussies / 'Beautiful Mind,' 'Moulin Rouge,' cable TV take top Golden Globes". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  29. ^ Gina DiNunnot (September 17, 2009). "Sissy Spacek Signs On for Big Love". TVGuide.com. Retrieved September 17, 2009.
  30. ^ "StephenKing.com – Carrie". Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  31. ^ "Actress Sissy Spacek To Receive Star On Hollywood Walk Of Fame Next Monday". Beverly Hills Courier. July 26, 2011. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012.
  32. ^ "The 18th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards | Screen Actors Guild Awards". www.sagawards.org. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
  33. ^ Sissy Spacek & Maryanne Vollers (May 2012). My Extraordinary Ordinary Life. Hyperion. Retrieved May 6, 2012.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  34. ^ Douglass K. Daniel (April 30, 2012). "Quitman Native Sissy Spacek Writes Tender, Touching Book". Tyler Morning Telegraph. Associated Press. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  35. ^ Chaney, Jen. "Book review: Sissy Spacek's "My Extraordinary Ordinary Life"". Denver Post. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  36. ^ Stafford, Jay. "Nonfiction review: My Extraordinary Ordinary Life". timedispatch.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  37. ^ Moser, Margaret. "My Extraordinary Ordinary Life". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  38. ^ Muscolino, Joe. "Review Roundup: "My Extraordinary, Ordinary Life" by Sissy Spacek, and Richard Perry's Haunting Tale of True Crime in Tokyo". biographile.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  39. ^ a b Kirkus Reviews. "My Extraordinary Ordinary Life". kirkusreviews.com. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
  40. ^ Finlayson, Ariana. "Sissy Spacek's Daughter, Schuyler Fisk, Is Married!". US Weekly. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
  41. ^ "Sissy Spacek's Wonderful Life". Richmond Times Despatch. January 18, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
  42. ^ "Ginger in the Morning". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
  43. ^ "River of Gold". riverofgoldfilm.com.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]