Social Democratic Party "Harmony"
|Vice Chairman||Jānis Urbanovičs|
|Founded||21 November 2009|
10 February 2010 (party)
|Merger of||National Harmony Party|
Social Democratic Party
|Headquarters||Maskavas iela 4 Riga LV-1050|
Russian minority politics
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|European Parliament group||Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats|
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The Social Democratic Party "Harmony" (Latvian: Sociāldemokrātiskā partija "Saskaņa", SDPS, Russian: Социал-демократическая партия «Согласие»),[nb 1] also commonly referred to as Harmony (Saskaņa), is a social-democratic political party in Latvia. It is the main catch-all party of the centre-left in Latvian politics. The party was founded in 2010 as the merger of the National Harmony Party (TSP) with New Centre (JC) and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a breakaway from the Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party (LSDSP). At that time, all three were members of the former electoral alliance Harmony Centre. The alliance also included the communist Socialist Party of Latvia. The Daugavpils City Party merged into the party in 2011.
The chairman of the party, Nils Ušakovs is the current Mayor of Riga and was the "Harmony" candidate for the office of Prime Minister of Latvia in 2014. In the Saeima the party has 24 out of 100 seats after polling 23% of the vote at the 2014 parliamentary election. Its parliamentary group is therefore the largest among the six groups in the Latvian Parliament, and the leading opposition group. Internationally, "Harmony" is a member of the Progressive Alliance and the Party of European Socialists. Formerly, its sole MEP Andrejs Mamikins sat in the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) group in the European Parliament. In 2018 after disagreements with Ušakovs he defected to the Latvian Russian Union and the party is since then unrepresented in the European Parliament.
"Harmony" is currently the governing party on the Riga City Council in coalition with Honor to serve Riga, the successor to the centre-right Latvia's First Party/Latvian Way which dissolved in 2011. "Harmony" is the largest party seeking to represent the Russian-speaking population of Latvia.
On social policy, the party contains strong conservative elements in line with its voter base and setting it apart from the contemporary European social-democratic mainstream. The parliamentary membership is not uniformly socially conservative.
The party has strong ties with the Russian parties, in particular with United Russia (with which Harmony had a cooperation Agreement for many years) and A Just Russia. These ties were strongly criticized by Latvian liberals and nationalist parties, who have consequently ruled out the possibility of an alliance with Harmony.
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- The party officially translates its name as Social Democratic Party "Concord"
- TV NET/News/Latvia/Harmony establishes youth organization (in Latvian), TV NET (www.tvnet.lv), retrieved on March 13, 2015
- Klūga, Māris (January 3, 2018). "What's up with Latvia's feeble civic engagement?". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Latvia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
- University College London (October 8, 2014). "Latvia's elections: Can there be harmony without Harmony?". UCL SSEES Research Blog. University College London. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
- "Saskaņa joins Party of European Socialists". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. LETA. November 27, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- Tom Lansford (April 8, 2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. pp. 811–812. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4.
- Kaža, Juris (August 14, 2018). "Who is who in upcoming Latvian parliamentary elections". Re:Baltica. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- "Parties & Organisations". Progressive Alliance. Retrieved July 1, 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-11-03. Retrieved 2015-11-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "MEP about Riga Mayor's desires: maybe all three of his wives should be given jobs?". Baltic News Network. May 28, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- "Opposition Saskaņa party reveals economist and preacher as spearheads". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. June 18, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- "Saeima approves lessons in 'constitutional morality' for schoolchildren". Public Broadcasting of Latvia. June 18, 2015. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- "Parliament of Latvia rejects petition for partnership legislation". ILGA-Europe. July 1, 2018. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- "Latvia's Harmony party: no plans to end agreement with Putin's United Russia". The Baltic Times. January 22, 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Socialist International - Progressive Politics For A Fairer World". www.socialistinternational.org. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Saskaņa quietly ditches Putin party agreement". Rīta Panorāma. Public Broadcasting of Latvia. October 9, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2018.