Social Liberal Party (Brazil)

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Social Liberal Party
Partido Social Liberal
Leader Jair Bolsonaro
President Gustavo Bebbiano (acting)[1]
Founded 30 October 1994 (1994-10-30) (founded)
2 June 1998 (1998-06-02) (registered)
Headquarters SHN, Quadra 02, Bloco F, Ed. Executive Office Tower, Sala 1.122 - Brasília (DF)
Membership (July 2018) 241,439[2]
Ideology Militarism
National conservatism
Social conservatism
Fiscal conservatism
Economic liberalism
Brazilian nationalism
Christian right
Right-wing populism[3]
Anti-communism[4]
Minority:
Monarchism[5][6][7]
Formerly:
Libertarianism
Social liberalism
Political position Current:
Right-wing[8] to Far-right[9][10]
Formerly:
Centre to Centre-right[11]
Colours      Blue      Green      Yellow
TSE Identification Number 17
Seats in the
Chamber of Deputies
9 / 513
Seats in the
Senate
0 / 81
Governors
0 / 27
State deputies (2014)
16 / 1,035
City councillors (2016)
878 / 57,720
Website
www.pslnacional.org.br

The Social Liberal Party (Portuguese: Partido Social Liberal, PSL) is a right-wing and conservative political party in Brazil. It was founded on 30 October 1994 and was registered on the Superior Electoral Court on 2 June 1998.[12]

At the legislative elections, 6 October 2002, the party won 1 out of 513 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate. In 2006 it won no seats in the Chamber of Deputies or the Senate. In 2010, the party won 1 seat in the Chamber of Deputies and no seats in the Senate.

The party's current general election candidate is Jair Bolsonaro.

History[edit]

The party was founded in 1994 by businessman Luciano Bivar, originally as a social liberal political party.[13]

In 2015, the PSL underwent a reform led by the internal social liberal wing "Livres", with names such as political scientist Fábio Ostermann and journalist Leandro Narloch reinforcing the party's affiliation with social liberal policies.[14][15] However, on 5 January 2018, controversial right-wing politician Jair Bolsonaro became a member of the party, which prompted the "Livres" wing to leave the party in protest of Bolsonaro's social conservative views. After the exit of Livres, the party followed a national-conservative path. Since then the party has discussed a name change, either to "Republicans" (Republicanos) or "Mobilize" (Mobiliza).[16] The party also changed its colors from purple to the more nationalist blue, yellow and green, the colors of the flag of Brazil.

The party supported the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff.[17]

Organization[edit]

Ideology and policies[edit]

Since Bolsonaro's entrance in the party, the party has changed much of its ideologies, abandoning its former social-liberal policies while keeping its economic liberal policies, supporting privatization and decentralization while at the same time adopting conservative social policies regarding abortion, legalization of marijuana and the teaching of gender identity in schools.[18]

The party is openly anti-communist, and its members are prohibited from making alliances with left-wing political parties.[18]

Electoral results[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate first round second round
# of overall votes % of overall vote # of overall votes % of overall vote
2018 Jair Bolsonaro TBD TBD TBD TBD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Benites, Afonso (8 March 2018). "Bolsonaro inicia campanha pedindo votos para "bancada da metralhadora"". El País. 
  2. ^ "Estatísticas do eleitorado – Eleitores filiados". Superior Electoral Court. July 2018. 
  3. ^ "Bolsonaro lança general Hamilton Mourão como vice". 
  4. ^ https://www.psl.org.br/pagina/em-que-acreditamos
  5. ^ "Príncipe da família imperial brasileira será candidato a deputado federal". www.gazetadopovo.com.br. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "Monarquistas se aproximam de Bolsonaro e reforçam base de apoio do presidenciável". conexaopolitica.com.br/. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  7. ^ "O séquito de Bolsonaro já tem um príncipe". politica.estadao.com.br/. Retrieved 19 May 2018. 
  8. ^ "O que significam direita, esquerda e centro na política? - Política - Estadão". 
  9. ^ noticias/politica/alexandre-frota-se-filia-partido-de-extrema-direita-pra-disputar-eleicoes-em-sao-paulo/
  10. ^ Mortari, Marcos. "Com Bolsonaro, extrema-direita embarca forte (e para vencer) nesta eleição, diz analista". www.infomoney.com.br. 
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  11. ^ "Saiba como surgiu e o que defende cada partido - Direito Fundamental". wp.clicrbs.com.br. Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  12. ^ "História". Psl.org.br (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  13. ^ Resultados, AM4 - A Internet de. "PSL - Partido Social Liberal 17". www.psl.org.br. 
  14. ^ "PSL se renova e foca mais no "liberal" da sigla. Ou: It's happening! - Rodrigo Constantino". Rodrigoconstantino.com. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  15. ^ "Partido Social Liberal". Pslnacional.org.br. Retrieved 28 October 2017. 
  16. ^ "Deputado Jair Bolsonaro anuncia filiação ao PSL". Retrieved 16 July 2018. 
  17. ^ Richard, Ivan; Jungmann, Mariana (17 April 2016). "PTdoB orienta voto contra o impeachment, PSL e PMB votarão a favor" (in Portuguese). Agência Brasil. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  18. ^ a b "em que acreditamos.PSL". 
Preceded by
16 - USWP (PSTU)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
17 - SLP (PSL)
Succeeded by
18brazol - NETWORK (REDE)

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