South East Cambridgeshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|South East Cambridgeshire|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South East Cambridgeshire in Cambridgeshire
Location of Cambridgeshire within England
|Member of Parliament||Lucy Frazer (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Cambridgeshire, Isle of Ely|
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 4 Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
- 5 Members of Parliament
- 6 Elections
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
The constituency was created in 1983 from parts of the former seats of Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely. Its first MP, Francis Pym, was a Conservative Cabinet Minister, serving in roles such as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (1973-4) in the Heath government, and Secretary of State for Defence (1979–81), Leader of the House of Commons (1981-2) and most prominently Foreign Secretary (1982-3, during the Falklands War) under Margaret Thatcher. However, during the four years he served South East Cambridgeshire, he was a Tory 'wet' backbencher, having been sacked by Thatcher for famously remarking during the 1983 election that "Landslides don't on the whole produce successful governments."
It has to date been a safe Conservative seat, although in 2010 the margin was cut to a relatively small 10.3% by the Liberal Democrat candidate (possibly helped by controversies surrounding the Labour candidate). In 2015 and 2017 Labour achieved the largest increase in their share of the vote, and in 2017 achieved their highest ever vote share in the seat (27.7%) and overtook the Liberal Democrats for the first time since 1997; despite this, the Conservatives achieved over 50% of the vote in the seat for the first time since 1992.
According to approximate analysis of the 2016 EU referendum, South East Cambridgeshire (which is made up of wards from East Cambridgeshire District Council, which voted 51% to leave, and South Cambridgeshire District Council, which voted 60% to remain) voted 54% to remain in the EU.
The constituency is predominantly low-lying and agricultural, with many residents commuting to work in Cambridge. Workless claimants were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.4% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1983–1997: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Isleham, Soham, The Swaffhams, and Woodditton, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Abington, Balsham, Bar Hill, Castle Camps, Coton, Cottenham, Elsworth, Fulbourn, Girton, Histon, Linton, Longstanton, Milton, Over, Swavesey, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham.
The seat was created for the 1983 general election which followed on from the merger under the Local Government Act 1972, of the two administrative counties of Huntingdon and Peterborough and Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely to form the non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire, with effect from 1 April 1974. It was formed from eastern parts of the abolished County Constituency of Cambridgeshire, together with the city of Ely, which had been in the abolished County Constituency of Isle of Ely.
1997–2010: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham, Stretham, The Swaffhams, Witchford, and Woodditton, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Abington, Balsham, Castle Camps, Cottenham, Fulbourn, Histon, Linton, Milton, Over, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham.
2010–present: The District of East Cambridgeshire wards of Bottisham, Burwell, Cheveley, Dullingham Villages, Ely East, Ely North, Ely South, Ely West, Fordham Villages, Haddenham, Isleham, Soham North, Soham South, Stretham, and The Swaffhams, and the District of South Cambridgeshire wards of Balsham, Fulbourn, Histon and Impington, Linton, Milton, Teversham, The Wilbrahams, Waterbeach, and Willingham and Over.
Further minor loss to South Cambridgeshire.
The constituency includes the eastern half of South Cambridgeshire district and the southern part of East Cambridgeshire. Ely, the largest community, has cathedral city status, and there are many smaller settlements including Burwell, Fulbourn, Isleham, Linton, Milton, Soham and Waterbeach.
Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
The Commission has recommended that three further wards (Fulbourn, Linton and Teversham) be transferred to South Cambridgeshire, partly offset by the gain of the District of Huntingdonshire ward of Earith from North West Cambridgeshire.
Members of Parliament
|1987||Sir Jim Paice||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Pippa Heylings||20,697||32.1||13.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Lucy Nethsingha||11,958||19.0||1.2|
|Conservative||Lucy Frazer[n 3]||28,845||48.5||0.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Chatfield||12,008||20.2||17.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Chatfield||21,683||37.6||6.2|
|Labour||John Cowan||4,380||7.6||13.8 [n 4]|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||Daniel Bell||489||0.8||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Jonathan Chatfield||17,750||31.7||4.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Sal Brinton||13,937||26.9||1.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Sal Brinton||14,246||25.1||4.8|
|Building a Fair Society||Karl Lam||167||0.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Peter While||111||0.2||0.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Ronald Wotherspoon||12,883||20.3||7.2|
|Natural Law||Bridget Langridge||231||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Peter Lee||15,399||27.5||2.3|
|Social Democratic||Christopher Slee||14,791||29.8||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Note: In January 2014 Lucy Frazer, a barrister, was "reaffirmed" as Conservative candidate for South East Cambridgeshire on Friday despite claims that she had been beaten in an open primary by another woman, Heidi Allen, who is the Conservative candidate in the neighbouring constituency, South Cambridgeshire.
- Note: In April 2010 John Cowan was suspended from the Labour Party following controversy over comments he had made which, if elected, would have led to a period as an independent MP. As nominations for candidates had closed, Labour were unable to replace him, nor did he withdraw his candidature. He had previously been expelled from the Liberal Democrats.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
-  Electoral Calculus]
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 1)
- "Cambridgeshire South East Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- "Candidates standing in the General Election in Cambridgeshire". ITV News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- , BBC News
- "UK ELECTION RESULTS: CAMBRIDGESHIRE SOUTH EAST 2015".
- "The battle of the Tory women: Farcical scenes after 'invalid' vote to select candidate for safe seat". Independent. 12 January 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-05. Retrieved 2014-11-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Clive Semmens confirmed as candidate for South East Cambridgeshire seat". eastcambs.greenparty.org.uk.
- http://www.scambs.gov.uk/admin/documents/retrieve.asp?pk_document=908869[permanent dead link]
- Cambridgeshire South East, BBC News
- Percentage changes based on 2005 notional results due to boundary changes
- "Labour axes Muslim row candidate". BBC News. 26 April 2010.
- "General Election 2010: Labour suspends candidate over online messages". The Daily Telegraph. London. 26 April 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "British Parliamentary Election results 1983-97: English Counties". www.election.demon.co.uk.