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Southern Russia or the South of Russia (Russian: Юг России, Yug Rossii) is a colloquial term for the southernmost geographic portion of European Russia, generally covering the Southern Federal District and the North Caucasian Federal District.
The term does not conform to any official areas of the Russian Federation as designated by the Russian Classification on Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO).
Southern Russia played an important role in the influence of Byzantine culture on Russia. Persian culture has also left its traces on southern Russia. Eastern Slavic tribes, the Antes, inhabited Southern Russia at least from 3rd century.
During the Russian Civil War (1917–1922), a territory called South Russia briefly existed from 1919–1920, which spanned the southern parts of the Russian Empire, including portions of Ukraine. In Soviet historiography, it also was referred to as "White South" in reference to the White Army that fought the Bolsheviks there along with the Armed Forces of South Russia and the Volunteer Army.
In relation to the official economic regions of Russia, most of Southern Russia is included in the North Caucasus economic region, with the exception of the Astrakhan Oblast, the Republic of Kalmykia and the Volgograd Oblast, which are part of the Volga economic region.
- Yevgeny Popov (9 December 2012). "Кто подрывает юг России" [Who Controls Southern Russia?]. Russia-1 (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Rostovtsev, M. (1921). "South Russia in the Prehistoric and Classical Period". The American Historical Review. 26 (2): 203–224. doi:10.2307/1835935. JSTOR 1835935.
- Hamilton, George Heard (1983). The Art and Architecture of Russia. New York, N.Y. : Penguin. pp. 16. ISBN 0140561064.
- "Юг России" [Southern Russia]. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Юг России" [Southern Russia]. Vedomosti (in Russian). Retrieved 30 January 2015.