Soyuz T-6

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Soyuz T-6
COSPAR ID1982-063A
SATCAT no.13292
Mission duration7 days, 21 hours, 50 minutes, 52 seconds
Orbits completed125
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-T
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew
Crew size3
MembersVladimir Dzhanibekov
Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
Jean-Loup Chrétien
CallsignPamir (Pamirs)
Start of mission
Launch date24 June 1982, 16:29:48 (1982-06-24UTC16:29:48Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date2 July 1982, 14:20:40 (1982-07-02UTC14:20:41Z) UTC
Landing site65 kilometres (40 mi) NE of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee189 kilometres (117 mi)
Apogee233 kilometres (145 mi)
Inclination51.7 degrees
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7
Soyuz T-6 mission patch.png
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
 

Soyuz T-6 was a manned spaceflight to Earth orbit to the Salyut 7 space station in 1982.[1] Along with two Soviet cosmonauts, the crew included a Frenchman, Jean-Loup Chrétien.[1]

The Soyuz-T spacecraft arrived at Salyut 7 following launch on 24 June 1982 and one day of solo operations. During the T-6 mission's time docked to the station, the crew performed joint Soviet-French experiments, including cardiovascular echography, alongside the station's resident crew.[2]

Crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Vladimir Dzhanibekov
Third spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
Second and last spaceflight
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Jean-Loup Chrétien
First spaceflight
France France

Backup crew[edit]

Position Crew
Commander Leonid Kizim
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flight Engineer Vladimir Solovyov
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Research Cosmonaut Patrick Baudry
France France

Mission parameters[edit]

  • Mass: 6850 kg
  • Perigee: 189 km
  • Apogee: 233 km
  • Inclination: 51.7°
  • Period: 88.7 minutes

Mission highlights[edit]

Soyuz T-6 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on 24 June 1982 at 16:29 GMT. Docking with the Salyut 7 station was completed manually after problems arose with the spacecraft's onboard automatic docking systems.[2][3]

Once aboard Salyut 7, the crew completed joint Soviet-French, including echography and antibiotic experiments, with the station's resident crew, the crew of Soyuz T-5.[4]

The mission transported the first French astronaut, Jean-Loup Chrétien, into space. While aboard the station, the resident crew afforded him the opportunity to eject Salyut 7's weekly bag of waste into space through the station's small trash airlock. Valentin Lebedev, writing in his diary, quoted Chrétien as saying Salyut 7 "is simple, doesn't look impressive, but is reliable."[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2009. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Human Spaceflights: International Flight-No. 82". Spacefacts.de. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Salyut 7 EP-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 11 October 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Salyut 7 (Soyuz T-6) French/Soviet Mission (1982)". European Space Agency. Retrieved 8 October 2011.