|Various US cities|
|Chaitanya Kanojia (Founder and CEO)|
|Products||Wireless broadband internet|
Starry Internet is a fixed wireless broadband Internet service provider (ISP or WISP) operated by Starry, Inc., using millimeter-band LMDS connections, sometimes categorized as 5G fixed wireless, to connect its base stations to customer buildings. Starry currently operates within Boston, New York City, Los Angeles, Denver, and Washington, DC.
Background and availability
Starry, Inc. was publicly announced in January 2016 by Chaitanya "Chet" Kanojia, who had previously founded Aereo. As of December 2017[update], it was providing commercial service to a limited number of apartment buildings in the Boston area for $50/month per apartment, promising 200Mbit/s upload and download speeds. As of December 2016[update], Starry was based in Boston, had about 100 employees, and had raised $63 million of funding. Kanojia claims that Starry's capital cost will be only $25 per home, as compared to $2,500 for cable. Starry announced on July 1st, 2019 that through an FCC spectrum auction, they acquired 104 licenses for 24 GHz millimeter-wave spectrum to cover 51 markets in 25 states.
Starry's system operates on the 38.2 GHz and 38.6 GHz bands, connecting its base stations ("Starry Beam") to receivers on individual buildings ("Starry Points"). Each base station covers a radius of 1.5 km. Signal propagation is near line-of-sight, not penetrating buildings and windows, and is degraded by foliage or rain, so Starry directs its signal using Multi-user MIMO phased array antennas, and can take advantage of reflections. The base station redistributes its signal within a building using Starry's own Wi-Fi router ("Starry Station").
Analysts are mixed about Starry's prospects. Some point to the failure of Clearwire (which operated WiMax on the 2.5 GHz band), or to technical challenges: "The physics are tough to overcome, and technology has been slow to improve here." Others note that if the expected low fixed costs per user are achieved, "they could profitably offer competitive broadband speeds for a fraction of the current price of wired broadband".
- Craig Moffett of MoffettNathansan, as reported in Jeff Baumgartner, "Low Costs, Dense Markets Critical to Starry’s Success: Analyst", Multichannel News, 28 April 2017
- Fitzpatrick, Alex (26 May 2016). "Meet the Entrepreneur Working to Reinvent How You Connect to the Internet". Time.
- Silbey, Mari (31 July 2017). "Starry Fixed Wireless Debuts at $50/Month". LightReading.
- Nordrum, Amy (2 December 2016). "Startup Says Beaming Millimeter Waves Over the Air Will Make It a Star in Ultra-Fast Wireless Broadband". IEEE Spectrum.
- Heater, Brian (19 December 2016). "Starry Internet's broadband beaming technology raises another $30 million". TechCrunch.
- Crook, Jordan (27 January 2016). "Starry Internet Is Aereo Founder Chet Kanojia's Latest Salvo In The War On ISPs". TechCrunch.
- "We're growing! Starry Wins Licenses in over 50 Cities". 1 July 2019. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- Kafka, Peter (27 January 2016). "Aereo's Founder Is Back With Starry. This Time He's Going After Broadband, Not TV". Recode.
- Roger Entner, Recon Analytics, as quoted in Stephen Lawson, "With fixed wireless broadband, startup Starry will take on big challenges", Computerworld 29 January 2016