State Affairs Commission of North Korea

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State Affairs Commission of the
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회
Emblem of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of North Korea.svg
Agency overview
Formed29 June 2016
Preceding agency
TypeSupreme policy-oriented leadership body in North Korea
JurisdictionGovernment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
HeadquartersForbidden City, Pyongyang
Agency executives
Emblem of North Korea.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
North Korea
Flag of North Korea.svg North Korea portal
DPRK State Affairs Commission
Chosŏn'gŭl
조선민주주의인민공화국 국무위원회
Hancha
朝鮮民主主義人民共和國國務委員會
Revised RomanizationJoseon minjujuui inmin gonghwaguk gungmu wiwonhoe
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn minjujuŭi inmin konghwaguk kungmu wiwŏnhoe

The State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (SAC) is defined by the 2016 constitution as "the supreme policy-oriented leadership body of State power."[1] The current chairman of the SAC, which is defined by the same constitution as the supreme leader of the nation,[2] is Kim Jong-un.

History[edit]

The National Defence Commission was created in 1972 as per the 1972 Constitution, originally the commission's mandate was to supervise national defense matters within North Korea.[3]

Per the 4th plenary session of the Supreme People's Assembly in June 2016 the National Defence Commission was officially replaced by the State Affairs Commission, with an expanded focus towards other national concerns aside from defense and security.

Powers and responsibilities[edit]

Article 106 of the Constitution of North Korea defines the State Affairs Commission as the supreme state organ of policy direction of state sovereignty.[1] Article 109 of the Constitution states that the SAC's powers are to:[4] [5]

  • deliberate and decide on major policies of the State including defence;
  • exercise supervision over the fulfillment of the orders of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the decisions and directives of the Commission, and take measures for their fulfillment;
  • abrogate decisions and directives of State organs which run counter to the orders of the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the decisions and directives of the Commission.

In practice, SAC supervises the Cabinet of North Korea. It also directly supervises the three ministries that are not under the Cabinet, namely the Ministry of People's Armed Forces, Ministry of State Security and the Ministry of Social Security as well as the Korean People's Army, mainly the General Staff Department of the Korean People's Army and General Political Bureau of the Korean People's Army. The Supreme Guard Command which is responsible for the top leadership and government protection is also under its command. One additional entity, the State Physical Culture and Sports Guidance Commission, is also under the SAC as its Chairman is appointed by the Commission.[6][7]

Members[edit]

The following are the current members of the State Affairs Commission as of its election by the 14th Supreme People's Assembly on 11 April 2019:[8]

Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
First Vice Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
First Vice Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
Choe Ryong-Hae.jpg Choe Ryong-hae
최룡해
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
Vice Chairman of the State Affairs Commission
Vice Chairman Political party Member since Other positions
Emblem of North Korea.svg Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
Member of the State Affairs Commission
Member Political party Member since Other positions
Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
Emblem of North Korea.svg Ri Man-gon
리만건
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
Kim Yong Chol 2019.jpg Kim Yong-chol
김영철
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016
Emblem of North Korea.svg Jong Kyong-thaek
정경택
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018
Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Su-gil
김수길
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
Choe Son-hui.jpg Choe Son-hui
최선희
(born 1964)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019
Emblem of North Korea.svg Ri Pyong-chol
리병철

(Born 1948)

Workers' Party of Korea 12 April 2020
Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Hyong-jun
김형준

(Born 1949)

Workers' Party of Korea 12 April 2020
Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jong-gwan
김정관
Workers' Party of Korea 12 April 2020
Emblem of North Korea.svg Ri Son-gwon
리선권
Workers' Party of Korea 12 April 2020
Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jong-ho
김정호
Workers' Party of Korea 12 April 2020

List of members since 2016[edit]

The following is the list of members of the State Affairs Commission since its first election on 29 June 2016. Names in bold indicates that they are a current member of the State Affairs Commission. Names are listed in their order of election.

No. Member Political party Term Position in the State Affairs Commission
1 Kim Jong-un at the Workers' Party of Korea main building.png Kim Jong-un
김정은
(born 1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent
2 Hwang Pyong-So (cropped).jpg Hwang Pyong-so
황병서
(born 1949)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Vice Chairman
3 Choe Ryong-Hae.jpg Choe Ryong-hae
최룡해
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Vice Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent First Vice Chairman
4 Emblem of North Korea.svg Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Vice Chairman
11 April 2019 Incumbent
5 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Ki-nam
김기남
(born 1934)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
6 Emblem of North Korea.svg Pak Yong-sik
박영식
(born 1950)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
7 Ri Su-yong.jpg Ri Su-yong
리수용
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
8 Emblem of North Korea.svg Ri Man-gon
리만건
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
9 Kim Yong Chol 2019.jpg Kim Yong-chol
김영철
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
10 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Won-hong
김원홍
(born 1945)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2018 Member
11 Emblem of North Korea.svg Choe Pu-il
최부일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 12 April 2020
12 Ri Yong-ho.jpg Ri Yong-ho
리용호
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 June 2016 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 12 April 2020
13 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jong-gak
김정각
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
14 Emblem of North Korea.svg Thae Jong-su
태종수
(born 1936)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 12 April 2020
15 Emblem of North Korea.svg Jong Kyong-thaek
정경택
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2018 11 April 2019 Member
11 April 2019 Incumbent
16 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member
17 Emblem of North Korea.svg Kim Su-gil
김수길
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member
18 Emblem of North Korea.svg No Kwang-chol
노광철
(born 1956)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 12 April 2020 Member
19 Choe Son-hui.jpg Choe Son-hui
최선희
(born 1964)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 Incumbent Member

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 106.
  2. ^ Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 100.
  3. ^ "SECTION 2. THE CHAIRMAN OF THE STATE AFFAIRS COMMISSION OF THE DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF KOREA". Naenara. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  4. ^ Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 2016, Article 109.
  5. ^ Overview of North Korea’s NBC Infrastructure
  6. ^ "Organizational Chart of North Korean Leadership" (PDF). Seoul: Political and Military Analysis Division, Intelligence and Analysis Bureau; Ministry of Unification. January 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  7. ^ Coduti, Maria Rosaria. The State Affairs Commission and the consolidation of Kim Jong-un's power
  8. ^ "In full: promotions and demotions at North Korea's 14th SPA". NK PRO. Korea Risk Group. 12 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.

Works cited[edit]