Steve Chabot

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Steve Chabot
SteveChabot.jpg
Ranking Member of the House Small Business Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byNydia Velazquez
Chair of the House Small Business Committee
In office
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2019
Preceded bySam Graves
Succeeded byNydia Velázquez
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded bySteve Driehaus
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded byDavid S. Mann
Succeeded bySteve Driehaus
Personal details
Born
Steven Joseph Chabot

(1953-01-22) January 22, 1953 (age 66)
Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Donna Chabot
Children2
EducationCollege of William & Mary (BA)
Northern Kentucky University (JD)

Steven Joseph Chabot /ˈʃæbət/ (born January 22, 1953) is an American politician and lawyer who has been the United States Representative for Ohio's 1st congressional district since 2011. Chabot, a member of the Republican Party, previously represented the district from 1995 to 2009.

Early life, education, and pre-political career[edit]

Chabot was born in 1953 in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of Gerard Joseph and Doris Leona (née Tilley) Chabot; paternally, he is of French-Canadian descent.[1] He graduated from La Salle High School in Cincinnati in 1971, and then from the College of William and Mary in 1975, earning a Bachelor of Arts in history. He went on to obtain a Juris Doctor degree from Northern Kentucky University Salmon P. Chase College of Law, in Highland Heights, Kentucky, in 1978. He worked as an elementary school teacher in 1975–1976 while taking law classes at night.[2]

As a practicing attorney from 1978 to 1994, Chabot handled domestic disputes and the drafting of wills as a sole practitioner.[3] He operated out of a small law office in Westwood.[4]

Early political career[edit]

Chabot ran unsuccessfully for the Cincinnati City Council as an independent candidate in 1979 and as a Republican in 1983. Then, running as a Republican, he won a seat in 1985 and was re-elected in 1987 and 1989. In 1988, he ran for the U.S. House of Representatives against seven-term incumbent Democrat Tom Luken, who defeated Chabot 56–44%.[5] After that, he was appointed a Commissioner of Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1990, and was elected later that year and again in 1992, staying until 1994.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1994, Chabot ran for the U.S. House again and defeated Democratic incumbent David S. Mann of Ohio's 1st congressional district, 56%–44%. In 1996, he defeated Democrat Mark Longabaugh, a member of the Cincinnati City Council, 54%–43%.[6] In 1998, he defeated Cincinnati Mayor Roxanne Qualls, 53% to 47%.[7] In the series of debates during that campaign, Qualls criticized Chabot for not funneling enough federal spending back to his home district. Chabot countered that he would not support "wasteful or unnecessary" federal programs.[8][9] In 2000, he defeated City Councilman and Harvard graduate John Cranley 53–44%.[10] In 2002, he defeated Greg Harris, with 65% of the vote.[10] In 2004, he defeated Greg Harris again, with 60% of the vote.[11]

2006
109th Congress portrait

He defeated Democratic challenger John Cranley again, this time by a narrower margin of 52–48%.[12]

2008

Chabot was defeated by State Representative Steve Driehaus 52%–48%.[13]

2010

In a rematch, Chabot defeated Democratic incumbent Steve Driehaus,[14][15] Libertarian Jim Berns, and Green Party nominee Richard Stevenson.[16] Chabot won by a margin of 51%–46%.[17][18]

2012

Steve Chabot defeated Democratic nominee Jeff Sinnard 58%–38%, with Green nominee Rich Stevenson, and Libertarian nominee Jim Berns picking up the balance.[19] He was helped by the 2010 round of redistricting, which shifted most of heavily Republican Warren County to the 1st.

Tenure[edit]

U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee Chair Ed Royce, members Steve Chabot and Robin Kelly in 2017 celebrate legislation to help educate more girls

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Electoral history[edit]

Ohio's 1st congressional district: Results 1988, 1994–2018[21][22]
Year Winner Votes Pct Runner-up Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1988 Thomas A. Luken (inc.) 117,682 57% Steve Chabot 90,738 43%
1994 Steve Chabot 92,997 56% David S. Mann (inc.) 72,822 44%
1996 Steve Chabot (inc.) 118,324 54% Mark P. Longabaugh 94,719 43% John G. Halley Natural Law 5,381 2%
1998 Steve Chabot (inc.) 92,421 53% Roxanne Qualls 82,003 47%
2000 Steve Chabot (inc.) 116,768 53% John Cranley 98,328 45% David A. Groshoff Libertarian 3,399 2% Richard L. Stevenson Natural Law 1,933 1%
2002 Steve Chabot (inc.) 110,760 65% Greg Harris 60,168 35%
2004 Steve Chabot (inc.) 173,430 60% Greg Harris 116,235 40% *
2006 Steve Chabot (inc.) 105,680 52% John Cranley 96,584 48%
2008 Steve Driehaus 155,455 52% Steve Chabot (inc.) 140,683 48% *
2010 Steve Chabot 103,770 52% Steven L. Driehaus (inc.) 92,672 45% Jim A. Berns Libertarian 3,076 2% Richard L. Stevenson Natural Law 2,000 1%
2012 Steve Chabot (inc.) 201,907 58% Jeff Sinnard 131,490 38% Jim A. Berns Libertarian 9,674 3% Richard L. Stevenson Green Party 6,645 2%
2014 Steve Chabot (inc.) 124,779 63% Fred Kundrata 72,604 37%
2016 Steve Chabot (inc.) 210,014 59% Michele Young 144,644 41%
2018 Steve Chabot (inc.) 154,409 51% Aftab Pureval 141,118 47% Dirk Kubala Libertarian 5,339 2%

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2004, Rich Stevenson received 198 votes. In 2008, Eric Wilson received 85 votes and Rich Stevenson received 67 votes.

Political positions[edit]

As of January 2018, Chabot had voted with his party in 98.2% of votes in the 115th United States Congress and voted in line with President Trump's position in 94.9% of votes.[23][24]

Health care[edit]

Chabot authored a bill prohibiting a form of late-term abortion called partial-birth abortion, referred to in some medical literature by its less common name of intact dilation and extraction. President George W. Bush signed the bill into law on November 5, 2003.[25][non-primary source needed]

Chabot favors repealing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare).[26] He supported the March 2017 version of the American Health Care Act, the GOP's replacement bill for Obamacare.[27] On May 4, 2017, Chabot voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and pass the American Health Care Act.[28][29]

Economy[edit]

The Concord Coalition and anti-tax advocacy groups such as Citizens Against Government Waste and the National Taxpayers Union consistently rated Chabot as one of the most anti-tax members of Congress.[30][non-primary source needed]

Chabot has advocated for a repeal or modification of the Dodd-Frank Act, which was passed as a response to the financial crisis of 2007–2008.[31]

Environment[edit]

On the topic of man-made climate change, Chabot said "the evidence concerning man-made climate change is far from conclusive".[32] Chabot said cap-and-trade was an "extreme proposal" that would harm the economy.[32]

The environmental advocacy group the League of Conservation Voters gave Chabot a grade of 10% for the 109th Congress, noting that he voted "anti-environment" on 11 out of 12 issues selected by that organization as crucial; his lifetime grade from the LCV is 23%.[33]

Other[edit]

On August 22, 2011, Chabot asked Cincinnati police to confiscate cameras being used by private citizens to record a town-hall meeting, even as media television cameras recorded the incident.[34][35][36] YouTube videos of the incident provided wide awareness of the incident, and the participating police officer was later disciplined.[37]

On March 25, 2014, Chabot introduced the Foreign Cultural Exchange Jurisdictional Immunity Clarification Act (H.R. 4292; 113th Congress) into the House.[38] According to a legislative digest provided by House Republicans, the bill "narrowly amends the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) to make it easier for U.S. cultural and educational institutions to borrow art and other culturally significant objects from foreign countries."[39] However, the changes made by the bill would not provide any immunity to art or objects that were "taken in violation of international law by Nazi Germany between January 30, 1933 and May 8, 1945."[39]

In 2002, Chabot advocated teaching intelligent design alongside the theory of evolution by natural selection in Ohio high schools.[40]

Chabot has called for ending logging subsidies in the Tongass National Forest in Alaska,[41] and promoted relations with Taiwan.[42] In 2002, Chabot helped spearhead the local campaign against building a light rail system in Hamilton County.[43]

As of 2016, Chabot had traveled on congressional fact-finding missions to 46 countries at a cost of $200,000.[44]

Personal life[edit]

Chabot and his wife Donna have two children.[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "chabot". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "Steve Chabot About Steve". Steve Chabot Congress. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
  3. ^ Juliet Eilperin, "Like-Minded Team of 13 to Present House's Case", Washington Post, January 14, 1999
  4. ^ Paul Barton, "Chabot guaranteed place in textbooks", Cincinnati Enquirer, January 14, 1999
  5. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 08, 1988". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  6. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 05, 1996". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  7. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 03, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20110516101148/http://nationaljournal.com/pubs/almanac/2006/people/oh/rep_oh01.htm. Archived from the original on May 16, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2006. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (October 28, 1998). "Chabot, Qualls debate pork vs. fair share". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  10. ^ a b "OH District 1 Race – Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  11. ^ "OH District 1 Race – Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  12. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  13. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 04, 2008". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  14. ^ Zeleny, Jeff (July 3, 2010). "In Midterm Elections, a Rougher Road for Incumbent Democrats". The New York Times.
  15. ^ "Politics 2010: Parties play take-away, keep-away in Ohio". UPI.com. May 2, 2010. Retrieved August 23, 2010.
  16. ^ Official Hamilton County Candidates and Issues List Archived October 21, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Hamilton County Ohio Board of Elections
  17. ^ "2010 election results for Ohio". The New York Times. Retrieved March 11, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  18. ^ "OH – District 01 Race – Nov 02, 2010". Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  19. ^ "Ohio Secretary of State" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 18, 2012.
  20. ^ "Members". U.S. - Japan Caucus. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  21. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  22. ^ "2012 Elections Results - Ohio Secretary of State". Sos.state.oh.us. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  23. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (January 30, 2017). "Tracking Steve Chabot In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  24. ^ Willis, Derek. "Represent". ProPublica. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  25. ^ "Steve Chabot – Legislative Issues". US House web site. 2008. Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  26. ^ Biery Golick, Keith (February 1, 2017). "Crashing congressman's office over 'Obamacare' stance". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  27. ^ The New York Times (March 20, 2017). "How House Republicans Planned to Vote on the Obamacare Replacement". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  28. ^ "How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  29. ^ Staff, C. N. N. "How every member voted on health care bill". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  30. ^ "Page Not Found - Search - National Taxpayers Union". www.ntu.org.
  31. ^ "Regulatory relief for small businesses: A conversation with House Small Business Committee Chairman Steve Chabot (R-OH) - AEI". AEI. Retrieved April 5, 2017.
  32. ^ a b "Climate change: 'We can debate this forever'". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
  33. ^ League of Conservation Voters 2006 National Scorecard Archived November 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  34. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (September 2, 2011). "Chabot camera seizure irks right and left". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  35. ^ HWilkinson, [1], "Democrats’ cameras seized by police at Chabot Town Hall meeting", Cincinnati.com, August 24, 2011
  36. ^ Kurt Nimmo, [2] "Cops Confiscate Cameras at Ohio Congressman’s Town Hall", August 24, 2011
  37. ^ Wilkinson, Howard (September 20, 2011). "Officer who confiscated cameras at Chabot event gets "administrative insight"". Cincinnati.com. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
  38. ^ "H.R. 4292 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  39. ^ a b "Legislative Digest – H.R. 4292". House Republican Conference. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
  40. ^ Murray, Iaian (June 5, 2002). "Scientific Boehner: The new creationism and the congressmen who support it". The American Prospect. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  41. ^ "Cut it out – Stop spending taxpayers' money to build roads for timber companies". The Columbus Dispatch – Editorial. May 16, 2006. Retrieved October 28, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  42. ^ Snyder, Charles (June 30, 2006). "US House adopts measure on Taiwan". Taipei Times. p. 1. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  43. ^ Monk, Dan; Lucy May (May 11, 2001). "Missing the bus". Business Courier of Cincinnati. pp. 1, 12. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  44. ^ "From Westwood to the World". Citybeat.com. October 26, 2016. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  45. ^ "About Steve | U.S. House of Representatives". Retrieved November 7, 2018.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
David Mann
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st congressional district

1995–2009
Succeeded by
Steve Driehaus
Preceded by
Steve Driehaus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 1st congressional district

2011–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Sam Graves
Chair of the House Small Business Committee
2015–2019
Succeeded by
Nydia Velázquez
Preceded by
Nydia Velázquez
Ranking Member of the House Small Business Committee
2019–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Barbara Lee
United States Representatives by seniority
57th
Succeeded by
John Larson