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The taxonomic rank of "subdivision" in fungi and plant taxonomy is equivalent to "subphylum" in zoological taxonomy. Some plant taxonomists have also used the rank of subphylum, for instance monocotyledons as a subphylum of phylum Angiospermae.
- subordinate to the phylum
- superordinate to the infraphylum.
Where convenient, subphyla in turn may be divided into infraphyla; in turn such an infraphylum also would be superordinate to any classes or superclasses in the hierarchy.
Not all fauna phyla are divided into subphyla. Those that are include:
- Arthropoda: divided into subphyla Trilobitomorpha, Chelicerata, Myriapoda, Hexapoda and Crustacea,
- Brachiopoda: divided into subphyla Linguliformea, Craniformea and Rhynchonelliformea,
- Chordata: divided into Tunicata, Cephalochordata, and its largest subphylum Vertebrata.