Sudhakara Dvivedi

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Sudhakara Dvivedi (1855–1910) was an Indian scholar in Sanskrit and mathematics.

Biography[edit]

Sudhakara Dvivedi was born in 1855 in Khajuri, a village near Varanasi. In childhood he studied mathematics under Pandit Devakrsna.

In 1883 he was appointed a librarian in the Government Sanskrit College, Varanasi where in 1890 he was appointed the teacher of mathematics and astrology after Bapudeva Sastri retired in 1889.[1]

He was the head of mathematics department in Queen's college Benaras from where he retired in 1905 and mathematician Ganesh Prasad became the new head of department.[2] Dvivedi wrote a number of translations, commentaries and treatises, including one on algebra which included topics such as Pellian equations, squares, and Diophantine equations.[3]

Works in Sanskrit[edit]

  • Chalan Kalan
  • Deergha Vritta Lakshan ("Characteristics of Ellipse")
  • Goleeya Rekha Ganit ("Sphere Line Mathematics")
  • Samikaran Meemansa ("Analysis of Equations")
  • Yajusha Jyauti-sham and Archa Jyauti-sham
  • Ganakatarangini (1892)[4]
  • Euclid's Elements 6th, 11th and 12th parts
  • Lilavati (1879)
  • Bijaganita (1889)
  • Pañcasiddhāntikā of Varāhamihira (1889): Co-edited with George Thibaut[5]
  • Surya Siddhanta
  • Brahmagupta’s Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta, 1902, ("Brahmagupta's Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta" (PDF). 1902. Retrieved 25 August 2015.)
  • Aryabhata II's Maha-Siddhanta (1910)

Works in Hindi[edit]

  • Differential Calculus (1886)[4]
  • Integral Calculus (1895)[4]
  • Theory of equations (1897)[4]
  • A History of Hindu mathematics I (1910)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph W. Dauben; Christoph J. Scriba (23 September 2002). Writing the History of Mathematics: Its Historical Development. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 312–313. ISBN 978-3-7643-6167-9.
  2. ^ Prasad, Ganesh. Some great mathematicians of the nineteenth century. Krishna Prakashan Media. p. xi.
  3. ^ Patwardhan, K.S.; Naimpally, A.S.; Singh, Shyamlal (2001). Līlāvatī of Bhāskarācārya: a treatise of mathematics of Vedic tradition : with rationale in terms of modern mathematics largely based on N.H. Phadke's Marāthī translation of Līlāvatī. Motilal Banarsidass. p. xx. ISBN 978-81-208-1420-2. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d Hoiberg, Dale (2000). Students' Britannica India:Select essays. India: Popular Prakashan. p. 333. ISBN 9780852297629.
  5. ^ "Metric Measures, Volumes 7-8". 1964. University of California. p. 12. Retrieved 20 August 2010.

External links[edit]