List of Muslim states and dynasties

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This article includes a list of successive Muslim states and dynasties from the rise of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and of the Early Muslim conquests which began in 622 CE and continues through to this current day.

In the decades after his death, the caliphate founded by his earliest successors, called the Rashidun caliphate, was succeeded by the Umayyad caliphate and later the Abbasid caliphate.

While the caliphates gradually fractured and fell, other Muslim dynasties rose; some of these dynasties grew into Islamic empires, with some of the most notable being the Safavid dynasty, Ottoman Empire, and Mughal Empire.

Regional empires[edit]

Iran[edit]

Shah Ismail I, founder of Safavid dynasty

Mesopotamia and Levant (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine)[edit]

Middle East (Arabian Peninsula, Persian Gulf region)[edit]

Egypt

Saudi Arabia

Bahrain

Qatar

Kuwait

United Arab Emirates

Oman

Yemen

Regional

Anatolia (Turkey)[edit]

Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha

West Africa (West Africa, Sahel)[edit]

Regional

Cameroon

Benin

Burkina Faso

Chad

Sudan, South Sudan

Central African Republic

Côte d'Ivoire

Ghana

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Nigeria

Senegambia

Gambia

Guinea

Guinea Bissau

Togo

Sierra Leone

North Africa (Maghreb region)[edit]

Libya

Tunisia

Algeria

Morocco (Western Sahara, Maghreb, Ifriqiya)

Horn of Africa[edit]

Somalia

Somaliland

Ethiopia

Eritrea

Djibouti

East Africa[edit]

Tanzania

Kenya

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Malawi

Mozambique

Indian Ocean Region[edit]

Maldives

Mayotte

Comoros

Madagascar

Cyprus

Southern Europe[edit]

Spain & Portugal

France

Umayyad Caliph of Cordova

Aghlabids & Fatimids

Italy

Gibraltar

Malta

Eastern Europe (Balkan Region)[edit]

Ukraine, Moldova

Romania, Bulgaria

Greece

Albania

Ural Region, Siberia (Russia)[edit]

Caucasus[edit]

Russia

Armenia

Georgia

Republic of Azerbaijan

Central Asia, East Asia[edit]

Transoxania (Uzbekistan, Kirgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan)

China

South Asia[edit]

India

Afghanistan

Bangladesh

Pakistan

Southeast Asia[edit]

Malay Archipelago (East Indies) (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei)

Philippines

Approximate extent of the Muslim sultanates in the Philippines

Thailand

Indochina

See also[edit]