Sun (surname)

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Other names
Variant form(s)Suen (Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations), Sen (Amoy dialect), Sng (Teochew dialect), Tôn (Vietnamese), Son (Japanese/Korean), Soon (regions with Hokkien-speaking populations), Soon/Suan/-son/-zon (Chinese Filipino in the Philippines), and Swen.
Related namesGongsun

Sun is a transliteration of a common Chinese surname (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Sūn). It is the third name listed in the Song dynasty classic text Hundred Family Surnames.[1]

Other transliterations include Suen (Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations), Sen (Amoy dialect), Sng (Teochew dialect), Tôn (Vietnamese), Son (Japanese/Korean), Soon (regions with Hokkien-speaking populations), Soon/Suan/-son/-zon (Chinese Filipino in the Philippines), and Swen.

In 2019 Sun was the twelfth most common surname in Mainland China.[2] A 2013 study found it to be the 12th most common name, shared by 18,300,000 people or 1.380% of the population, with the province with the most being Shandong.

Note that in Hong Kong and regions with Cantonese-speaking populations, the surname Xin (辛) is also transliterated as Sun.

Origins[edit]

  • Hui Sun (惠孫), style name of the son of Wei Wu Gong Hui Sun’s grandson later inherited 孫 as his surname. [3]
  • Sun Shu (孫書), an official in the Qi, was given the name by Duke Jing of Qi because of his contributions in the war between the state of Qi and the state of . Notable descendants through this line include Sun Tzu
  • People with the surname Xun (荀). changed it to 孫 during the reign of Liu Xun (劉恂), also known as Emperor Xuan of Han, because it had the same pronunciation as the given name of the emperor (in Old Chinese). After the death of Han Xuan Di, some people kept the surname, while others changed it back to their original.

Meanings of Sun (孙)[edit]

  • Grandson
  • A person of the same generation as the grandson, i.e.; cousin[4]

Notable people[edit]

Historical figures (in chronological order)[edit]

  • Sun Tzu (544 – 496 BC) – a militarist in the Spring and Autumn period, the author of The Art of War.
  • Sun Yang (Bole) – a horse physiognomer of the Spring and Autumn period.
  • Sun Bin (a.k.a. Sun Tzu, Sunzi, died 316 BC) – a militarist in the Warring States period and descendant of Sun Tzu.
  • Sun Cheng (died 132)
  • Sun Jing (孫敬) – 2nd-century native of Hsin-tu in Chihli, who was such an ardent student that at night he always tied his hair to a beam overhead, to prevent himself from dozing over his books. He also habitually bolted the door of his study to keep out intruders.[5]
  • Sun Jian (155–191), Han dynasty military general and warlord
  • Sun Ce (175–200), Han dynasty warlord
  • Sun Quan (182–252), founding emperor of the Eastern Wu state in the Three Kingdoms period
  • Sun Liang (243–260), second emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Xiu (235–264), third emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Sun Hao (242–284), fourth and last emperor of Eastern Wu
  • Lady Sun, Sun Jian's daughter
  • Sun Shao (163–225), first chancellor of the Eastern Wu state in the Three Kingdoms period
  • Sun Qian, official serving under the Han dynasty warlord Liu Bei
  • Sun Kang (孫康; 4th century) – A native of Luoyang, who in his youth was so poor that he could not afford a lamp to read by. He therefore studied in winter by light reflected from the snow, and ultimately rose to be a Censor.[6]
  • Sun Sheng (4th century) – a Chinese historian.
  • Sun Tzu (a.k.a. Sunzi; fl. 4th century) – mathematician famous for the Chinese remainder theorem.
  • Sun Chuo (320–377) – a poet of the Six Dynasties poetry tradition.
  • Sun En (died 402) – leader of a rebellion against the Jin dynasty.
  • Sun Simiao (581–682)- a traditional Chinese medicine physician of the Sui and Tang dynasties.
  • Sun Yuanheng (died 696)
  • Sun Shi (962–1033) – a native of Po-p'ing in Shandong, who graduated as jinshi after nine attempts and entered the public service, rising to high office under the Emperor Cheu Tseung. In 1008 there was a pretended revelation from God in the form of a letter, which the Emperor and his Court regarded with profound awe. But Sun Shi said, "I have heard that God does not speak; how then should He write a letter?"[7]
  • Sun Changru (孫長孺) – a scholar of the Song dynasty, noted for his vast collection of books, which earned for him the sobriquet of Library Sun. In 1015 he was made magistrate of Xunzhou in Guangxi, and subsequently rose to an important office in the household of the Heir Apparent.[7]
  • Sun Fang (12th century) – An Imperial physician, who called himself the Hermit of the Four Stops. He explained this to mean that when he had taken his fill of plain food, he stopped; when he had put on enough plain clothes to keep himself warm, he stopped; when he had realized a fair proportion of his wishes, he stopped; and that after growing old, free from covetousness or envy, he would also be prepared to stop.[8]
  • Sun Qifeng (1583–1675) – a Confucian scholar.
  • Sun Chuanting (1593–1643) – a Chinese Field Marshal.
  • Sun Sike (died 1700) – a Chinese Bannerman, noted for his successes against the Oelots, against the Shensi rebels in 1675–79, and against Galdan. He rose to be a general, and was ennobled as Baron.[9]

Military and government[edit]

Other notable people[edit]

Fictional people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 百家姓 [Hundred Family Surnames] (in Chinese). Guoxue. Retrieved 2014-01-16.
  2. ^ http://www.bjnews.com.cn/news/2020/01/20/676822.html
  3. ^ a b The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland
  4. ^ 汉典:孙的解释https://www.zdic.net/hans/%E5%AD%99
  5. ^ a b Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 688 (1898).
  6. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 692 (1898).
  7. ^ a b Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 686 (1898).
  8. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 689-690 (1898).
  9. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 695 (1898).
  10. ^ Herbert Allen Giles, A Chinese Biographical Dictionary, p. 691 (1898).

External links[edit]

See also[edit]