Supreme Council (Kyrgyzstan)

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Supreme Council

Жогорку Кеңеш
Верховный Совет
7th Supreme Council
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Dastan Jumabekov, Kyrgyzstan Party
since 25 October 2017
Prime Minister
Structure
Seats120
Kyrgyz Supreme Council.svg
Political groups
Majority Coalition (77)
     Social Democratic Party (38)
     Kyrgyzstan Party (18)
     Ata-Meken (11)
     Onuguu–Progress (10)
Opposition (43)
     Respublika–Ata Zhurt (28)
     Bir Bol (12)
     Independents (3)
Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
4 October 2015
Website
www.kenesh.kg
National emblem of Kyrgyzstan 2016.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kyrgyzstan
Constitution

The Supreme Council (Kyrgyz: Жогорку Кеңеш, Joǵorku Keńesh, جوعورقۇ كەڭەش, [dʒoʁorqu keŋeʃ]) is the unicameral Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic. It has 120 seats with members elected for a five-year term by party-list proportional voting.

History[edit]

From 1991, when Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union, until October 2007, when the Constitution was changed in a referendum, the Supreme Council consisted of the Legislative Assembly (Myizam Chygaruu Jyiyny, the upper house) and the Assembly of People's Representatives (El Okuldor Jyiyny, lower house) with 60 and 45 members, respectively. The members of both houses were elected to five-year terms. In the Assembly of People's Representatives all 45 members were elected in single-seat constituencies; in the Legislative Assembly 45 members were elected in single-seat constituencies and 15 were elected through party lists.

Since October 2007, the Supreme Council is a unicameral legislature. Originally it consisted of 90 members, however when in 2010 President Kurmanbek Bakiyev was ousted after riots, a new Constitution was adopted, that increased the number of members to 120. Parties are limited to 65 seats in order to prevent power concentration.

Speakers[edit]

The first legislature of Kyrgyzstan was Supreme Soviet until 1994.

Bicameral legislature was established in 1995, and replaced with unicameral legislature, Supreme Council, in 2006.

Chairmen of the Assembly of People's Representatives of Kyrgyzstan was the presiding officer of one of the two chambers of the Supreme Council.[1]

Name Took office Left office
Almanbet Matubraimov 28 March 1995 26 November 1997
Abdygany Erkebayev 26 November 1997 April 2000
Altay Borubayev 25 April 2000 24 March 2005
Muratbek Mukashev 24 March 2005 25 March 2005

The Chairman of the Legislative Assembly of Kyrgyzstan was the presiding officer of one of the two chambers of the Supreme Council.[2]

Name Took office Left office
Mukar Cholponbayev 29 March 1995 15 November 1996
Usup Mukambayev 15 November 1996 14 April 2000
Abdygany Erkebayev 15 April 2000 24 March 2005
Ishenbai Kadyrbekov 24 March 2005 25 March 2005

Chairmen of the Supreme Council since 2005.[3]

Name Took office Left office Notes
Omurbek Tekebaev 27 March 2005 27 February 2006 [4][5]
Marat Sultanov 2 March 2006 22 October 2007 [6][7]
Adakhan Madumarov 24 December 2007 29 May 2008 [8][9]
Aytibay Tagaev 29 May 2008 17 December 2009 [10]
Zaynidin Kurmanov 24 December 2009 6 June 2010 [11]
Akhmatbek Keldibekov 17 December 2010 14 December 2011 [12][13]
Asilbek Jeenbekov 21 December 2011 13 April 2016 [14][15]
Chynybai Tursunbekov 27 April 2016 25 October 2017 [16][17]
Dastan Jumabekov 25 October 2017 Incumbent [18]

Last elections[edit]

2005 parliamentary election[edit]

The 2005 Kyrgyz parliamentary elections were held in February and March 2005. More than 400 candidates ran for the new 75-member unicameral legislative assembly. There were two rounds of voting held on 27 February and 13 March. Six seats were won by opposition politicians. Most candidates were officially independent. International observers said the elections fell short of international standards for democratic elections in several important areas. Widespread protests over alleged rigging of the election by the government culminated in the Tulip Revolution on 24 March. Revolutionaries overthrew President Askar Akayev.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-09. Retrieved 2010-02-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Background on Ata Meken Party". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  5. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  6. ^ "Kyrgyz Lawmakers Elect New Speaker". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  7. ^ "Does New Constitution Strengthen Democracy -- Or President?". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  8. ^ "Kyrgyzstan's Ruling Party Names Its Choice For Prime Minister". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  9. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  10. ^ "Айтибай Тагаев стал новым спикером киргизского парламента - ИА REGNUM". ИА REGNUM (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  11. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  12. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  13. ^ "Ex-Speakers of Parliament of Kyrgyzstan". akipress.com. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  14. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  15. ^ "Asilbek Jeenbekov steps down as Parliament Speaker". akipress.com. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  16. ^ ПОДОЛЬСКАЯ, Дарья (2017-10-25). "Как и почему уходили спикеры парламента Кыргызстана". 24.kg (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  17. ^ "Chynybai Tursunbekov steps down as Speaker of Parliament of Kyrgyzstan". akipress.com. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
  18. ^ "Majority coalition backs candidacy of Dastan Jumabekov for Parliament Speaker". akipress.com. Retrieved 2017-12-17.

External links[edit]