Surandai

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Surandai

Suranthai

Rajasooriyanallur,Suranthai
Surandai river.jpg
Muppidathi Amman Kovil Surandai.jpg
Baren bruck Higher Secondary School.jpg
From top, left to right:
Muppidathi Amman Temple, Baren Bruck School
Surandai City
Surandai City
Surandai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 8°58′38″N 77°25′14″E / 8.977272°N 77.420568°E / 8.977272; 77.420568Coordinates: 8°58′38″N 77°25′14″E / 8.977272°N 77.420568°E / 8.977272; 77.420568
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictTenkasi district
Elevation
132 m (433 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total35,272[1]
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
627859
Telephone code04633
Vehicle registrationTN76

History[edit]

Earlier “Surandai” was known as “Raja Sooriya Nallur” then it becomes “Suranthai”. For the past 50 years, the city name is Surandai.

Polygar rule and the revolts[edit]

As the Dalavay Mudali, the governor of Tirunelveli, became increasingly independent of Madurai during the time of troubles that began in 1732, some of the Marava polygars of the province openly defied the Dalavay's authority and stopped paying tribute. Polygar Kattari Velladurai was the leader of the defiant polygars from Vadagarai, Nerkattumseval ruled by Puli Thevar and Sivagiri. Surandai was one of the palayams that joined Puli Thevar’s coalition in 1754–1762 but abandoned the cause before the polygars’ final defeat in 1762. When Kollamkondan again rebelled in 1764, following the execution of Yusuf Khan for having betrayed the nawab, Surandai was quick to join. Victories over the Anglo-Nawabi forces helped the revolt spread to other polygars. At the end of the First Polygar War in 1799, the polygar of Surandai surrendered one fort and 61 armed men to Major J. Bannerman.[citation needed]

Zamindari[edit]

The Palaiyam survived into the 19th century as a zamindari; at the time of the permanent settlement of 1802, Polygar Sulava Tevar held seven villages. In 1879, the zamindari had an area of 1.34 sq. miles, and a population of 2,580; it was bought by Uthumalai and annexed to that estate in 1874.[2]

Geography[edit]

Surandai is located at 8°58′38″N 77°25′14″E / 8.977272°N 77.420568°E / 8.977272; 77.420568.[3] It has an average elevation of 132 metres (433 feet). It is situated 20 km from Coutrallam Falls, 12 km away from Tenkasi and 50 km from Tirunelveli, District Head. It is 30 km away from Sankarankovil. The nearest railway station is Tenkasi and the nearest airport is Tuticorin(Thoothukudi), 86 km from Surandai. Surandai panchayat town comprised Surandai and Keelasurandai, Anai kulam, Kurungavanam, Kulayaneri, Kadayalurutti, Aladipatti, Kurichanpatti, Vadiur, Karayalanoor, Mariathaipuram, Paranguntrapuram, Kalingapatti, Achankundram, Bangalow Surandai and part of Ammayapuram. Surandai, which was once a village with primarily agricultural and palm tree cultivation with allied activities, presently has grown into a bustling centre for complete trade and business for nearby Panchayats.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2007 India census,[4] Surandai Panchayat had a population of 28,135. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Surandai has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 57%. In Surandai, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Temples, Churches and Mosques[edit]

  • Zion Church
  • CHRIST C.S.I CHURCH
  • Srinivasa Perumal Kovil
  • Alagu Parvathi Amman Kovil
  • Sri Pathirakali Amman Kovil
  • sri Hanuman & Theradi Madasamy Kovil
  • Sri Vetri Pathirakali Amman Kovil
  • Kulathur Ayyanar Kovil
  • Sri Pottal Madasamy Kovil
  • Sivagami Amman Sametha Veerapandeeswarar Temple
  • Sivagami Amman Sametha SivaGurunathar Temple,
  • Muppidathi Amman Temple, Sivagurunatha Puram,
  • Sri Muppidathi Amman Temple, Varagunaramapuram.
  • Sri Sudalai Madasamy Kovil
  • Sri Mathalapandi Temple
  • Arulmigu Kanniamman Kovil
  • Thirumalai Aandavar Temple in Sivagurunatha Puram
  • Alagu Parvathy Amman Temple
  • Arulmigu Sri Vadakuththi Amman Temple, Thiravia Nagar
  • Arulmigu Sri Thirattu Swamy Temple, Thiravia Nagar
  • Arulmigu Sri Veyilkantha Amman Temple
  • Arulmigu Sri Vetri Vinayagar Temple, Thiravia Nagar
  • Arulmigu Sri Sorna

Schools and colleges[edit]

  • Kamarajar Government Arts College, Surandai
  • Government Higher Secondary School
  • Baren Bruck Higher Secondary School
  • Panchayad Union Primary School
  • Shri Jayandra Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Muslim Primary School
  • Jawaharlal Middle School
  • Jemimah Nursery and Primary School
  • Sri Parasakthi Matriculation School (or)
  • Sermathai Vasan Higher Secondary School
  • Rajendra Wisdom School
  • TDTA Middle School
  • RC Middle School
  • Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Government Girls Higher Secondary
  • A.G Matriculation School
  • TDTA Primary School in Bungalow Surandai
  • S R Matriculation School

Hospitals[edit]

  • Government Hospital,
  • Ponra Nursing Home,
  • Maris Hospital,
  • Kamala Hospital,
  • Iyyar Hospital,
  • Jeyam Haspital
  • Thangamathi Hospital,
  • Mahalakshmi Nursing Home,
  • Gothai Hospital,
  • mathura Hospital,
  • Jeeva Teeth Hospital,
  • Smile Dental Clinic,
  • Aravind Eye Hospital, Etc...

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=744566
  2. ^ http://princelystatesofindia.com/Polegars/surandai.html
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Surandai
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.