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Gammalsvenskby, a Swedish village in southern Ukraine, was founded by expelled Estonian Swedes in the late 18th century.

Swedification refers to the spread of the Swedish language, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes.

Swedification of Scania[edit]

After the Treaty of Roskilde, which was one of the peace treaties that ended the Second Northern War, all areas in the historical region of Skåneland were ceded by Denmark-Norway to the Swedish Empire in early 1658. One of the most important questions for the Swedish Empire was on how to make the Scanians feel Swedish, rather Danish. On 16 April 1658, representatives of Scania, Blekinge and Halland's nobility, citizens, clergy and peasants gathered for a day of fury in Malmö Town Hall. On a given sign, the ombuds fell to the knees and promised their new king's faithfulness. The oath was appointed by a secretary. Charles X Gustav was not present but was represented by an empty chair surrounded by Swedish soldiers.

In 1662, a so-called farm day in Malmö was held, and the Scanians accepted new taxes and regulations that differed completely from Danish law. "Lilla tullen" ("the small customs") was such an idea. All goods brought into cities would be charged with customs, just as in other Swedish cities. Each city council was to have least two Swedish-born members among the councilors. Like in the rest of Sweden, the cities were divided into stacks and settlements. Many nationals also forcably obtained mayor seats. At the same time, inhabitants of Scania received representation in the Riksdag, unlike other areas that had been conquered by the Swedish Empire.

When Charles X Gustav landed in Helsingborg in 1658, he met Bishop Peder Winstrup from Lund on the pier, who became a driving force for the establishment of the University of Lund as a Swedish counterweight to the University of Copenhagen. In 1666, the former was established under the name "Regia Academia Carolina", and its official opening ceremony took place in January 1668.

The Swedification of Scania did not begin until about two decades after the Treaty of Roskilde.[1]

Johan Gyllenstierna suggested forced immigration to the Baltics, but that was never carried out.[clarification needed]


  1. ^ Larsdotter, Anna (2010). "Skåningarna bytte aldrig språk". Språktidningen (in Swedish).