Tai Tam Reservoirs

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Tai Tam Reservoirs
Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir.jpg
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir
Tai Tam Reservoirs is located in Hong Kong
Tai Tam Reservoirs
Tai Tam Reservoirs
LocationHong Kong
Coordinates22°16′N 114°13′E / 22.26°N 114.21°E / 22.26; 114.21Coordinates: 22°16′N 114°13′E / 22.26°N 114.21°E / 22.26; 114.21
Lake typereservoir
Tai Tam Reservoirs
Traditional Chinese大潭水塘

The Tai Tam Reservoirs, also known as Tai Tam Reservoir Group, is a group of reservoirs located in the Tai Tam Country Park in the eastern part of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong.

The reservoirs consist of:

The upper and byewash reservoirs are jointly known as Tai Tam Reservoir (大潭水塘).

The planning of the reservoirs is known as Tai Tam Scheme which was started early in 1872 and was shelved 1874 because of economic depression. The scheme was continued later in 1882 and virtually completed in 1888. Yet again, the supply was proved insufficient and the building of the Tai Tam Tuk dam began in 1912. The four reservoirs have a total storage capacity of 6.2 million cubic metres.

The reservoirs are surrounded by Mount Butler (畢拿山), Jardine's Lookout, Violet Hill and Mount Parker, with an extraordinary environment of peace and quiet.

The reservoirs are managed by Water Supplies Department of Hong Kong Government.

In September 2009, the Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail was opened, touring the architectural landmarks of the reservoir system. Placards in describe the features, giving insights into the work involved in the construction of what the source of most of Hong Kong Island's fresh water supply.

A restricted road, Tai Tam Reservoir Road, links reservoirs from Wong Nai Chung Gap to Tai Tam.

Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir[edit]

As part of the Tai Tam scheme, the colonial government commenced the construction of Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir in 1912, the project was completed in 1917, cost 2.46 million Hong Kong dollars[1] and had a 1.42 - billion - gallon capacity upon completion. The dam, designed by Daniel Jaffe, was 60 feet tall and 800 feet wide, 12 arches supported by half round granite columns were also built to prop up the Tai Tam road connecting Stanley and Chai Wan.[2] Governor Henry May officially announced the completion of the reservoir on 2 February 1918[3] and the reservoir operates until now.

Declared Monuments[edit]

Twenty two facilities surrounding Tai Tam Tuk reservoir were declared as monuments in 2009,[4][5] including pumping stations, masonry bridges, the memorial stone, the value house and the dam itself.[6][7]

A list of the facilities declared Monument:

Name of Structure Photo Year Built Location Note Reference
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Masonry Bridge Tai tam reservoir road bridge.JPG 1888 Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Masonry Aqueduct Tai Tam Reservoir 3.jpg 1888 Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Dam Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Dam 01.JPG 1888 Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Valve House Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Valve House.JPG 1904 Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Tunnel Inlet and Recorder House 1888 & 1917 Tai Tam Upper Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Valve House Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Valve House 02.JPG 1904 Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Dam Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Dam.JPG 1904 - 1907 Tai Tam Byewash Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Dam Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Dam 01.JPG 1904 - 1907 Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Valve House Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Valve House.JPG 1904 - 1907 Tai Tam Intermediate Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir's Four Masonry Bridges 大潭篤水塘大石橋.jpg 1907 Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Dam Dam of the Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir.JPG 1912 - 1917 Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Valve House Value House of the Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir.JPG 1917 Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Memorial Stone Memorial Stone of the Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir.JPG 1918 Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Staff Quarters Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Staff Quarters.JPG 1907 Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station No. 2 Staff Quarters Dam (1917) of the Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir 07.JPG 1936 Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station 2013.JPG 1907 Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Chimney Shaft and its Flue Chimney Shaft and its Flue of Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station.JPG 1907 Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]
Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Senior Staff Quarters Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Senior Staff Quarters.JPG 1907 Tai Tam Tuk Raw Water Pumping Station Declared Monument in 2009 [8][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hong Kong Blue Book v.1917" (PDF). Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Tai Tam Waterworks Heritage Trail" (PDF). Water Supplies Department. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  3. ^ "The memorial stone of Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir". Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  4. ^ "2009 年古物及古蹟 ( 古蹟的宣布 ) 公告". Hong Kong Government. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Declared Monuments in Hong Kong - Hong Kong Island". Antiquities and Monuments Office of Hong Kong.
  6. ^ "Declared monuments in Hong Kong". Antiquities and monuments office. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Tai Tam Tuk Reservoir". David Bellis. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r 1444幢歷史建築物名單和評估結果」古物諮詢委員會
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r 四十一項水務設施列法定古蹟,香港特區政府新聞公報,2009年9月18日

External links[edit]