Tajik Air Force
|Tajik Air Force and Air Defence|
|Қувваҳои Ҳарбӣ-ҳавоӣ ва Мудофиаи Зиддиҳавоӣ Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон|
Emblem of the Tajik Air Force and Air Defence
|Role||Aerial warfare |
|Part of||Tajik Armed Forces|
|Attack helicopter||Mil Mi-24|
The Tajik Air and Air Defense Forces (Tajik: Қувваҳои ҳавоӣ ва мудофиаи Тоҷикистон) is the aerial military service branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan, which currently consists of 20 aircraft. The force engages in search and rescue missions, and military raids.
The Air Force was established the same year as the National Army. The Air Defense Forces were established in 1994. As a result of military reforms and the common goals and objectives, in 2005 the two forces were merged.
In 2007, it consisted of sixteen combat and support helicopters, prior to which the country had relied on the Russian Air Force for protection. Tajikistan is part of the Commonwealth of Independent States Joint Air Defense System, and its airspace is monitored by Russia. Currently, no air defense capabilities exist, with the exception of a few surface-to-air missiles that were transferred to the Tajik Army. Russia opposes Tajik’s ambition of a more capable air force, and Moscow has consistently declined to supply fighter aircraft or assist modernizing its military air traffic control system. Russia’s assessment is that its own air force contingent at Gissar and in Kazakhstan is sufficient to ensure adequate security for Tajikistan. Tajikistan’s modest number of combat-capable helicopters are primarily tasked with search and rescue and airlift duties; they have been occasionally deployed to attack opposition forces. Dushanbe receives minimal foreign military aid and has no funding available for procurement of fixed-wing combat aircraft. Moscow bolstered Tajikistan's rotary wing capability in 2006 by providing six Mi-8 and Mi-24 attack helicopters. It also provided four L-39 training aircraft. India’s defense ministry signed a basing agreement with Tajikistan that gives it access to Tajik’s Ayni Air Base that is also shared with the Russians. Under this trilateral agreement, the runway was extended, perimeter fencing erected and aircraft hangars built. Since 1985, this decaying airbase was used by the former Soviet Union during its Afghan war, and after renovation, it was officially opened in September 2010. India contributed 70 million dollars toward the renovation and sent specialists to help with the work. The airfield, located some 20 kilometers west of Dushanbe, now has state-of-the-art navigational and defense technology. Its runway was also extended to 3,200 meters so that all types of aircraft can land there.
- Independent Helicopter Squadron (Aini, Dushanbe, Bokhtar and Khujand airfields)
- 536th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Dushanbe)
- 45th Radio Engineering Battalion (Dushanbe)
- 97th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade (Kurgan-Tube)
- 770th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Isfara)
- 74th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Khujand)
- 69th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Kulyab)
- 42nd Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Dushanbe)
|Aero L-39||Czech Republic||trainer / light attack||4|
- Kucera, Joshua (7 September 2010). "Tajikistan's Ayni airbase opens – but who is using it?". The Bug Pit – The military and security in Eurasia. The Open Society Institute. Archived from the original on 5 September 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
- John Pike. "Tajikistan- Air Force". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2013-09-22.
- "World Air Forces 2020". Flightglobal Insight. 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.