Tarairiú language

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Tarairiú
Otschukayana
Native toBrazil
RegionPernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte
Extinct(date missing)
unclassified
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
Glottologtara1303  Tarairiú[1]
jeni1237  Jenipapo-Kaninde[2]

Tarairiú AKA Caratiú is an extinct and very poorly known language of eastern Brazil. The Tarairiu nation was divided into several tribes: the Janduí, Kanindé, Paiaku (Pajacú, Bajacú), Jenipapo, Jenipabuçu, Javó, Kamaçu, Tukuriju, Ariu, and "Xukuru" / Xacó.

The language is attested only through a few word lists. A few words resemble those of neighboring Kariri (and other Macro-Je) and Xukuru languages, but not enough to support a genealogical connection. Kaufman (1994) reports that "not even Greenberg dares classify this language".

Some of the recorded words:

Gloss Tarairiú[3]
'water' teu
'fire' kiro-kia, intoá
'stone' kebra
'head' kreká
'hair' unj
'ear' bandulak
'eye' pigó
'nose' korõza
'mouth' moz
'tooth' cidolé
'hand' koreké
'foot' poyá
'man' xenupre
'woman' moela, moéça
'son' ako
'house' sok
'eat' kringó
'sleep' gonyã

Resemblances with Macro-Je languages are in kebra 'stone' (Proto-Je *kɛn), kreká 'head' (*krã), koreké 'hand' (*-ĩkra), and poyá 'foot' (*par). Resemblances with Xukuru are kiro- 'fire' (Xukuru kiyo), kringó 'eat' (kringgo 'feed'), sok 'house' (šekh).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tarairiú". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jenipapo-Kaninde". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ J. de Souza Santos, 2009, p. 735-739