Lake Tarasp at dawn
|• Total||46.99 km2 (18.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,403 m (4,603 ft)|
|• Density||7.2/km2 (19/sq mi)|
|Localities||Fontana, Vulpera, Sparsels, Aschera, Avrona, Chaposch, Chants, Florins, Nairs, Sgnè, Vallatscha|
|Surrounded by||Ardez, Ftan, Scuol, Tschierv, Zernez|
Tarasp is a former municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Its eleven settlements are situated within the Lower Engadin valley along the Inn River, at the foot of the Sesvenna Range. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Ardez, Guarda, Tarasp, Ftan and Sent merged into the municipality of Scuol.
Primitive grinding stones known as Schalensteine or Hexensteine were found in the Tarasp area. This indicates that Stone Age food processing happened in the area. However, there are no records or indications of settlements in the area until the 11th Century.
The Lordship of Tarasp Castle was established in the 11th century and for centuries claimed by the Bishopric of Chur and the Counts of Tyrol. After the Lords of Tarasp had become extinct, their estates were a Tyrolean fief from 1239 on. Under the rule of the Habsburg archdukes of Austria, also Counts of Tyrol since 1363, Tarasp from 1464 on was an Austrian exclave inside the Free State of the Three Leagues, an associate of the Old Swiss Confederacy. In 1687 Emperor Leopold I of Habsburg granted the Lordship of Tarasp to the Princes of Dietrichstein as an immediate territory of the Holy Roman Empire.
In the course of the 1803 Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and the Act of Mediation, Austria finally ceded the territory to the Napoleonic Swiss Confederation, after which it was incorporated into the canton of Graubünden.
The Neo-Renaissance style Grand Hotel Waldhaus Vulpera-Tarasp with Sgraffito-Elements was opened on June 8, 1897 and was one of the first addresses in the Swiss Alps and was a major Belle Époque monument in Europe.
Tarasp had an area, as of 2006[update], of 46.9 km2 (18.1 sq mi). Of this area, 12.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (51.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The former municipality is located in the Sur Tasna sub-district of the Inn district on rhw right bank of the Inn river. It consists of the village of Tarasp with 10 sections and the castle hill.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 49.2% male and 50.8% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Tarasp is; 26 children or 7.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 37 teenagers or 11.3% are 10 to 14, and 22 teenagers or 6.7% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 30 people or 9.1% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 42 people or 12.8% are 30 to 39, 53 people or 16.2% are 40 to 49, and 38 people or 11.6% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 30 people or 9.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 27 people or 8.2% are 70 to 79, there are 21 people or 6.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.
Tarasp has an unemployment rate of 3.83%. As of 2005[update], there were 17 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 6 businesses involved in this sector. 9 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 220 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 21 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (52.4%), with Romansh being second most common (38.4%) and Portuguese being third (3.4%). Despite centuries of Austrian rule, until World War I the population spoke the Romansh dialect Vallader. In 1880, 92% spoke Romansh, and in 1910 it was 87%. By World War II the percentage had dropped to 79% (in 1941). German continued to gain ground, but even in 1970 45.3% of the population spoke Romansh. In 1990 a total of 58% could speak Romansh, though not all spoke it as a first language, and in 2000 a total of 46.6% could understand Romansh.
|Languages in Tarasp|
|Languages||Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000|
Heritage sites of national significance
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 27 April 2016
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 13-Oct-2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Tarasp in Romansh, German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 13-Oct-2009