Tarka, Niger

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Tarka, Niger
Commune and village
Tarka, Niger is located in Niger
Tarka, Niger
Tarka, Niger
Location in Niger
Coordinates: 14°12′15″N 8°49′54″E / 14.20417°N 8.83167°E / 14.20417; 8.83167
Country Niger
RegionZinder Region
DepartmentBelbédji Departement
Population
 (2010)
 • Total86,695
Time zoneUTC+1 (WAT)

Tarka, Niger is a village and rural commune in Niger.[1] It is located in the Belbédji Departement of the Zinder Region. As of 2010 the commune had a population of 86,695.

Geography[edit]

Tarka is in the Sahel biome. The neighboring municipalities are Ingall in the northwest, Aderbissinat in the north, Tenhya in the northeast, Gangara in the east, Falenko in the southeast, El Allassane Maïreyrey in the south, Tagriss in the southwest and Gababedji in the west. The municipality is divided into 177 administrative villages, 54 traditional villages, 94 hamlets, 59 warehouses and 23 water points.[2] The main town of the rural community is the administrative village Belbédji (also: Belbéji, Belbégi).[1]

Through the municipality the around 300 kilometer east-west Tarka Valley is situated.[3]

History[edit]

The French colonial administration established a canton in Tarka in 1943.[4] The Tarka valley formed its northern boundary to an area inhabited by nomads.[5] In Belbédji in 1988 an administrative post ("poste administratif") was set up.[6] The commune of Tarka decreased in size during a national administrative reform in 2002. In 2011, Tarka was no longer part of the Tanout Department and was part of the newly formed Belbédji Department.[7]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census Tarka had 63 848 inhabitants. For the year 2010 86.695 inhabitants were counted.[8] In Tarka live members of the primarily agriculture based Hausa subgroup Gobirawa, the remote pasture Fulani subgroups Katchinanko'en, Oudah'en and Wodaabe, and the Tuareg subgroups Ichiriffen, Ikanawan, Imouzgou, Imouzwagan, Imuzzurag, Inesseliman, Kel Gariss, Kel Gress, Kel Iferwane and Tegama.[9]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The north of the municipality is within a zone in which grazing is the predominant source of income. The South is in the field of agropastoralism.[10] Since 22 May 2000 there has been a local citizen radio in Tarka.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Prime minister Hamid Algabid was born in the village of Belbedji in 1941.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Loi n° 2002-014 du 11 JUIN 2002 portant création des communes et fixant le nom de leurs chefs-lieux[permanent dead link]. Includes list of 213 communes rurales and seats, 52 Communes urbaines and seats
  2. ^ Répertoire National des Communes (RENACOM). Institut National de la Statistique, accessed 28 October 2016
  3. ^ Comité Interministériel de Pilotage de la Stratégie de Développement Rural Secrétariat Exécutif: Le Zonage Agro-écologique du NIGER. Niamey 2004 (Online Version; PDF; 411 kB), p. 8–9.
  4. ^ Edmond Séré de Rivières: Histoire du Niger. Berger-Levrault, Paris 1965, p. 257.
  5. ^ Abdoulaye Mohamadou: Décentralisation et pouvoir local au Niger. International Institute for Environment and Development, London 2009, ISBN 978-1-84369-726-8, p. 7.
  6. ^ Frédéric Giraut (1999). Retour du refoulé et effet chef-lieu. Analyse d'une refonte politico-administrative virtuelle au Niger (PDF). Paris: PRODIG. p. 35. ISBN 2-901560-38-5.
  7. ^ "Une nouvelle loi sur le redécoupage administratif" (PDF). L'Arbre à Palabres (13): 2. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  8. ^ Institut Nationale de la Statistique du Niger (Hrsg.): Annuaire statistique des cinquante ans d’indépendance du Niger. Niamey 2010 (Online-Version; PDF; 3,1 MB), p. 57.
  9. ^ Ministère de l’élevage et des industries animales / République du Niger (Hrsg.): La mobilité pastorale dans la Région de Zinder. Stratégies et dynamisme des sociétés pastorales. Niamey 2009 (Online-Version Archived 2010-07-13 at the Wayback Machine; PDF; 11,3 MB), p. 30 and 32–33.
  10. ^ Comprendre l’économie des ménages ruraux au Niger. Save the Children UK, London 2009 (Online-Version Archived 2013-09-27 at the Wayback Machine; PDF; 2,6 MB), p. 8.
  11. ^ "La situation de la communication pour le développement au Niger (Etat des lieux). Tome 1" (PDF). FAO (in French). 2003. p. 23. Retrieved 26 October 2016.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Cherif Ouazani, "Six candidats pour un fauteuil", Jeune Afrique, 7 November 2004 (in French).