Tezozomoc (Azcapotzalco)

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Tezozomoc
King of Azcapotzalco
Tezozomoc.jpg
Tezozomoc in the Codex Xolotl, with his name glyph (top) and the glyph for Azcapotzalco (right)
Reign1367 or 1370–1426
PredecessorAcolnahuacatzin
SuccessorTayatzin
Born1320
Died1426 (aged 105-106)
SpouseChalchiuhcozcatzin
Tzihuacxochitzin I
Issue
more...
FatherAcolnahuacatzin

Tezozomoc Yacateteltetl (also Tezozómoc, Tezozomoctli, Tezozomoctzin; 1320 – 1426), was a Tepanec leader who ruled the altepetl (ethnic state) of Azcapotzalco from the year 1353[1] or Five Reed (1367)[2] or Eight Rabbit (1370)[3] until his death in the year Twelve Rabbit (1426).[4] Histories written down in the early colonial period portray Tezozomoc as a military and political genius who oversaw an expansion of Tepanec influence, bringing about Azcapotzalco's dominance in the Valley of Mexico and beyond.[citation needed]

Biography[edit]

Tezozomoc was a son of Acolnahuacatzin and Cuetlaxochitzin. He is described by Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxochitl as a tyrant and: "the most cruel man who ever lived, proud, warlike and domineering. And he was so old, according to what appears in the histories, and to what elderly princes have told me, that they carried him about like a child swathed in feathers and soft skins; they always took him out into the sun to warm him up, and at night he slept between two great braziers, and he never withdrew from their glow because he lacked natural heat. And he was very temperate in his eating and drinking and for this reason he lived so long."[citation needed]

He approved the choice of King Huitzilihuitl in 1403 and gave him his daughter Ayauhcihuatl in marriage, notwithstanding the opposition of his son Maxtla. He declared war against the king of Texcoco, Techotlalatzin, and being defeated sued for peace; but after the latter's death he continued the war against his successor, Ixtlilxochitl I, whom he defeated and assassinated in 1419, usurping the crown of Texcoco.[1]

Upon Tezozomoc's death in the year Twelve Rabbit (1426), his son Tayatzin became a king, but Maxtla seized power at Azcapotzalco, leaving the rulership of Coyoacán to his son Tecollotzin.[5]

Tezozomoc was a grandfather of Tlacateotl, Matlalatzin, Huacaltzintli and Chimalpopoca and great-grandfather of Tezozomoc of Ecatepec.

Issue[edit]

His wives were Chalchiuhcozcatzin and Tzihuacxochitzin I.

According to the Crónica mexicáyotl, Tezozomoc had several sons, all of whom he made rulers. With Chalchiuhcozcatzin, he had:

  • Tayatzin, who initially ruled after Tezozomoc's death but was later usurped by Maxtla.

With Tzihuacxochitzin I, he had:

With other women, he had:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1889). "Tetzotzomoc" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  2. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 228–229.
  3. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 210–211
  4. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 126–127, 230–231.
  5. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 128–129, 230–231.
  6. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 126–129.

References[edit]

  • Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin, Domingo Francisco de San Antón Muñón (1997). Codex Chimalpahin: society and politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Culhuacan, and other Nahua altepetl in central Mexico: the Nahuatl and Spanish annals and accounts collected and recorded by don Domingo de San Antón Muñón Chimalpahin Quauhtlehuanitzin. The Civilization of the American Indian Series. edited and translated by Arthur J. O. Anderson and Susan Schroeder. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-2921-2.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Aztecs, Nigel Davies.
Preceded by
Acolnahuacatzin
Tlatoani of Azcapotzalco
1371–1426
Succeeded by
Tayatzin