The Arena (magazine)
The Arena was a liberal literary and political magazine published by Arena Publishing Co. in Boston, Massachusetts. It was founded by Benjamin Orange Flower in 1889 and existed for twenty years. Though it had a circulation of more than 30,000 at one point, it was rarely profitable. The final issue was published in August 1909.
The magazine advocated social reform, featuring articles about poverty, slums, sweatshops, child labor, and other social problems. It openly advocated birth control, free silver, agrarian reform, the single tax, and trust-busting. It was the only journal of national import to support William Jennings Bryan in 1896. Later, it advocated penal reform and opposed capital punishment.
It published work by writers such as Upton Sinclair, Stephen Crane and Hamlin Garland. Women wrote a quarter of the contents during its first twenty volumes. A section of Garland's Main-Travelled Roads first appeared in The Arena. The Arena later employed investigative journalists and became known as a muckraker. The magazine published articles on socialism and was supportive of efforts to organize workers into trade unions. It favored literature that supported the poor and powerless.
- Smith, Susan Harris and Dawson, Melanie, Editors. The American 1890s: A Cultural Reader Duke University Press (2000), p. 273. Retrieved July 29, 2013
- The Arena Archived 2013-08-03 at the Wayback Machine. Spartacus Educational. Retrieved July 29, 2013
- "Arena," in International Magazine Co., Periodicals, vol. 1, no. 1 (Oct.-Dec. 1917), pg. 8.
- Lake, Randall A. "'WOMAN IN JOURNALISM' – CIRCA FEBRUARY-OCTOBER, 1897". "SHE FLIES WITH HER OWN WINGS" THE COLLECTED SPEECHES OF ABIGAIL SCOTT DUNIWAY (1834-1915). Retrieved 1 February 2016.
- Wertheim, Stanley. A Stephen Crane Encyclopedia, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press (1997), p. 109.
- Pizer, Donald. Hamlin Garland, Prairie Radical: Writings from the 1890s. Chicago: University of Illinois Press (2010), p. 14 ISBN 978-0252035098
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- The Arena. Boston: Arena Publishing Co., 1889-1909 at Internet Archive Vol. 1 | Vol. 2 | Vol. 3 | Vol. 4 | Vol. 5 | Vol. 6 | Vol. 7 | Vol. 8 | Vol. 9 | Vol. 10 | Vol. 11 | Vol. 12 | Vol. 13 | Vol. 14 | Vol. 15 | Vol. 16 | Vol. 17 | Vol. 18 | Vol. 19 | Vol. 20 | Vol. 21 | Vol. 22 | Vol. 23 | Vol. 24 | Vol. 25 | Vol. 26 | Vol. 27 | Vol. 28 | Vol. 29 | Vol. 30 | Vol. 31 | Vol. 32 | Vol. 33 | Vol. 34 | Vol. 35 | Vol. 36 | Vol. 37 | Vol. 38 | Vol. 39 | Vol. 40 | Vol. 41 |
- The Arena at HathiTrust