The Blind Assassin
First edition cover
|Publisher||McClelland and Stewart|
|September 2, 2000|
|Media type||Print (Hardcover and Paperback)|
|LC Class||PR9199.3.A8 B55 2000c|
The Blind Assassin is a novel by the Canadian writer Margaret Atwood. It was first published by McClelland and Stewart in 2000. Set in Canada, it is narrated from the present day, referring to previous events that span the twentieth century.
The novel's protagonist, Iris Chase, and her sister Laura, grow up well-off but motherless in a small town in Southern Ontario. As an old woman, Iris recalls the events and relationships of her childhood, youth and middle age, including her unhappy marriage to Toronto businessman Richard Griffen. The book includes a novel within a novel, a roman à clef attributed to Laura but published by Iris. It is about Alex Thomas, a politically radical author of pulp science fiction who has an ambiguous relationship with the sisters. That embedded story itself contains a third tale, the eponymous Blind Assassin, a science fiction story told by Alex's fictional counterpart to the second novel's protagonist, believed to be Laura's fictional counterpart.
The novel takes the form of a gradual revelation illuminating both Iris's youth and her old age before coming to the pivotal events of her and Laura's lives around the time of the Second World War. Laura and Iris live in a house called Avilion. Their mother also dies at a young age leaving Reenie, the caretaker, to take on full responsibility for the girls. As the novel unfolds, and the novel-within-a-novel becomes ever more obviously inspired by real events, Iris, not Laura, is revealed to be the novel-within-a-novel's true author and protagonist. Though the novel-within-a-novel had long been believed to be inspired by Laura's romance with Alex, it is revealed that The Blind Assassin was written by Iris based on her extramarital affair with Alex. Iris later published the work in Laura's name after Laura committed suicide upon learning of Alex's death in the war. Following the suicide, Iris realizes through her sister's journals that Richard had been raping Laura for much of their marriage, blackmailing her to comply with him by threatening to turn Alex in to the authorities. Iris takes her young daughter Aimee and flees her home, threatening to reveal that Richard had impregnated Laura and forced an abortion on her. This move estranges Iris from the last people who were supporting her, and creates bitterness between her and the grown Aimee. Iris deceives Richard into believing that Laura was the one having an affair with Alex Thomas, which drives him to commit suicide. The novel ends as Iris dies, leaving the truth to be discovered in her unpublished autobiography that she leaves to her sole surviving granddaughter.
The book is set in the fictional Ontario town of Port Ticonderoga and in the Toronto of the 1930s and 1940s. It is a work of historical fiction with the major events of Canadian history forming an important backdrop. Greater verisimilitude is given by a series of newspaper articles commenting on events and on the novel's characters from a distance.
- Iris Chase Griffen: The narrator and protagonist of the tale.
- Laura Chase: Iris's sister, whose suicide opens the book and who is named as the author of the novel within.
- Richard E. Griffen: Iris's ruthless, older husband with political ambitions.
- Winifred Griffen Prior: Iris's fashionable, manipulative, and social-climbing sister-in-law.
- Alex Thomas: A young author with Communist sympathies who takes refuge in Avilion with the sisters' help.
- Cpt. Norval Chase: The father of Iris and Laura. After being seriously injured in World War I and later widowed, he begrudgingly runs the family button business while descending into alcoholism and depression.
- Reenie: The loyal Chase family housekeeper who becomes like a mother to Iris and Laura.
- Myra Sturgess: Reenie's daughter (possibly by Cpt Chase), who aids Iris in her old age.
- Aimee Adelia Griffen: Iris's daughter.
- Sabrina Griffen: Iris's granddaughter.
Reception was mixed. A reviewer for Salon described the book as a "cunning tale ... sketched with Atwood’s trademark dark humor and deft hand." The Christian Science Monitor critic commented on "Atwood's crisp wit and steely realism" and said the book "brilliantly ... works to flesh out the dime-novel culture of the 1930s and to emphasize the precarious position of women." The New York Times critic was unimpressed, calling the book "overlong and badly written". The Guardian was less negative but characterized the book as a "romantic tale" with political elements bolted on.
The novel was awarded the Booker Prize in 2000 and the Hammett Prize in 2001. It was also nominated for Governor General's Award in 2000, Orange Prize for Fiction, and the International Dublin Literary Award in 2002. Time magazine named it the best novel of 2000 and included it in its list of the 100 greatest English-language novels since 1923.
- Houppert, Karen (September 12, 2000). "'The Blind Assassin' by Margaret Atwood". Salon.com. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- Charles, Ron (August 31, 2000). "Classic review: The Blind Assassin". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
- "Publisher's page on The Blind Assassin". McClelland and Stewart. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014.
- "The 100 best English-language novels published since 1923—the beginning of TIME". Time Magazine. Retrieved 28 April 2016.