The Skin Game (1931 film)
|The Skin Game|
Region 4 DVD cover
|Directed by||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Produced by||John Maxwell|
|Written by||John Galsworthy (play)|
Alfred Hitchcock (adaptation)
Alma Reville (scenario)
C. V. France
|Cinematography||Jack E. Cox|
|Edited by||A.R. Gobbett|
|Distributed by||Wardour Films Ltd.|
|26 February 1931 (UK)|
The Skin Game is a 1931 British feature film by Alfred Hitchcock, based on a play by John Galsworthy and produced by British International Pictures. The story revolves around two rival families, the Hillcrists and the Hornblowers, and the disastrous results of the feud between them.
The plot concerns a feud between two affluent families, the long-established (upper class) Hillcrists, played by C.V. France, Helen Haye, and Jill Esmond, and the nouveau riche (formerly working class) Hornblowers, played by Edmund Gwenn, John Longden, and Frank Lawton. Two underlying themes in the story are class warfare and the urbanization of the countryside.
The Hillcrists are upset by the actions of Mr. Hornblower, whom they consider to be ostentatious and crass, in buying up land, evicting tenant farmers, and surrounding the area with factories. The Hillcrists make every effort they can to preserve the last large piece of open land that adjoins their beautiful rural estate.
After being tricked out of the land in an auction, the Hillcrists learn a dark secret about Mr. Hornblower's beautiful daughter-in-law Chloe (played by Phyllis Konstam). It turns out that she had previously earned a living by playing the professional "other woman" in pre-arranged divorce cases.
When Mr. Hornblower learns of this secret, and that the Hillcrists have discovered it and are prepared to use it against his family, Mr. Hornblower agrees to sell the rural land to the Hillcrists for less than half the auction price, on the condition that the family swears to keep the information secret. However, the news starts to leak out, precipitating a crisis in the family.
Chloe Hornblower goes to the Hillcrists, begging them to help keep the secret from her husband, who is aware that something is going on. She hides behind a curtain when her husband unexpectedly storms into the Hillcrist home, demanding to know the secret.
Keeping his promise to Chloe, Mr. Hillcrist makes up a story, but the young Mr. Hornblower is not convinced, and declares that he intends to end his marriage, even though Chloe is pregnant with his child.
Upon hearing this, Chloe runs to the lily pond outside the Hillcrist home and drowns herself. When her body is discovered, the elder Hornblower concedes that Hillcrist has destroyed him and his family completely; he says if he can, he will harm Hillcrist or one of Hillcrist's family. Hillcrist makes a sincere apology but Hornblower calls him a hypocrite.
Cast (in credits order)
- C. V. France as Jack Hillcrist – the Hillcrists
- Helen Haye as Ivy Hillcrist – the Hillcrists
- Jill Esmond as Jill – the Hillcrists
- Edmund Gwenn as Mr Hornblower – the Hornblowers
- John Longden as Charles – the Hornblowers
- Phyllis Konstam as Chloe – the Hornblowers
- Frank Lawton as Rolf – the Hornblowers
- Herbert Ross as the Jackmans
- Dora Gregory as the Jackmans
- Edward Chapman as Dawker
- R.E. Jeffrey as First Stranger
- George Bancroft as Second Stranger
- Ronald Frankau as Auctioneer
Due to overlapping changing in British copyright law, the film never fell into the public domain in the UK, and is now due to expire at the end of 2052, 70 years after Alma Reville's death. In countries that observe a 50 year term (e.g. Canada, Australia, etc.), it will expire at the end of 2032.
In the United States its original 1931 copyright registration was not renewed after the initial 28 year term, and thus it fell into the public domain there. As a non-US film still in copyright in its country of origin, its US copyright was automatically restored in 1996, with a term of 95 years from release, that will therefore expire at the end of 2026.