The Three Graces (Whitney)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Three Graces
The Three Graces - 1931 - Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney - 05.jpg
The sculpture in 2013
ArtistGertrude Vanderbilt Whitney
Year1931 (1931)
  • Fountain
  • sculpture
LocationMontreal, Quebec, Canada
Coordinates45°30′17″N 73°34′37″W / 45.50474°N 73.57701°W / 45.50474; -73.57701Coordinates: 45°30′17″N 73°34′37″W / 45.50474°N 73.57701°W / 45.50474; -73.57701
OwnerMcGill University[1]

The Three Graces, also known as Carytid Fountain Group,[1] Friendship Fountain, The Three Bares,[2] and Three Bares Fountain,[3] is an outdoor fountain and sculpture by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, installed in 1931 at Montreal's McGill University, in Quebec, Canada.

Whitney’s caryatid figure dated back to 1913 when she won an award for it at the Paris Salon and from the National Association of Women Painters and Sculptors. It had been modeled for the Arlington Hotel in Washington, D.C.[4] The original hotel was demolished in 1912 to make room for a larger hotel, that was to include Whitney's caryatid, but its funding fell through and it was never built.[5] The figure was exhibited at the Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco in 1915, and a bronze version of it was erected in Lima, Peru in 1924. At the time of the fountain's unveiling, it was draped in a Union Jack and the Stars and Stripes, Whitney, in poor health and in mourning over the death of her husband Harry Payne Whitney, did not attend. She also missed the unveiling of her Titanic Memorial in Washington D.C. three days before.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt. "Carytid Fountain Group". Retrieved 11 August 2017 – via Library Catalog.
  2. ^ "The Three Bares - Visual Arts Collection - McGill University". Retrieved 11 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Three Bares Fountain". Art Public Montréal. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  4. ^ Proske, Beatrice Gilman, Brookgreen Gardens Sculpture, Printed by Order of the Trustees Brookgreen S.C., 1943, p.220
  5. ^ Goode, James M., Capitol Losses: A Cultural History of Washington’s Destroyed Buildings, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1979 pp.176-178
  6. ^ Friedman, B.H., Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney: a biography by B.H. Friedman with the research collaboration of Flora Miller Irving, Doubleday & Company, New York, 1978, p. 548

External links[edit]