Thomas Howard DuVal

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Thomas Howard DuVal
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas
In office
March 3, 1857 – October 10, 1880
Appointed byFranklin Pierce
Preceded bySeat established by 11 Stat. 164
Succeeded byEzekiel B. Turner
Personal details
Thomas Howard DuVal

(1813-11-04)November 4, 1813
Buckingham County, Virginia
DiedOctober 10, 1880(1880-10-10) (aged 66)
Fort Omaha, Nebraska
ChildrenFlorence Duval West
FatherWilliam Pope Duval
RelativesBurr H. Duval
John Crittenden Duval
EducationSt. Joseph's College
read law

Thomas Howard DuVal (November 4, 1813 – October 10, 1880) was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas.

Education and career[edit]

Born November 4, 1813, in Buckingham County, Virginia, DuVal graduated from St. Joseph's College in Bardstown, Kentucky in 1833, and read law in 1837. He entered private practice in Tallahassee, Florida from 1837 to 1841. He was clerk of the Court of Appeals for the Florida Territory from 1841 to 1843. He was Secretary for the Florida Territory (State of Florida from March 3, 1845) from 1843 to 1846. He was Reporter for the Supreme Court of Texas in 1846. He resumed private practice in Austin, Texas from 1846 to 1855. He was Secretary of State of Texas starting in 1851. He was a Judge of the Texas District Court for the Second Judicial District from 1855 to 1856.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

DuVal was nominated by President Franklin Pierce on February 26, 1857, to the United States District Court for the District of Texas, to a new seat authorized by 11 Stat. 164. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 3, 1857, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on October 10, 1880, due to his death in Fort Omaha, Nebraska.[1]

Civil War[edit]

Due to the American Civil War and Texas's secession from the Union, DuVal was unable to hold court from 1861 to 1865.[2] However, he remained at his station in Austin, taking a job with the General Land Office to sustain himself, due to the fact that his judicial salary was unavailable due to the war and another unpaid position as a deputy county surveyor, which permitted him to avoid conscription into the Confederate States Army.[2] He was sufficiently respected by the local community that he did not suffer indignities under the Confederate government.[2] DuVal ultimately was able to resume holding court at the end of the war and was paid his full back pay due him during the war years.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Thomas Howard DuVal at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d SWIFT, ROY L. (12 June 2010). "DUVAL, THOMAS HOWARD".


External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 11 Stat. 164
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas
Succeeded by
Ezekiel B. Turner