|Acting United States Secretary of the Navy|
November 24, 2019 – April 7, 2020
|Preceded by||Richard V. Spencer|
|Succeeded by||James McPherson (acting)|
July 15, 2019 – July 31, 2019
|Preceded by||Richard V. Spencer|
|Succeeded by||Richard V. Spencer|
|33rd United States Under Secretary of the Navy|
December 4, 2017 – November 24, 2019
|Preceded by||Thomas P. Dee (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Gregory J. Slavonic (acting)|
|Born||December 15, 1960|
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Education||United States Naval Academy (BS)|
Georgetown University (MA)
Harvard University (MBA)
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1983–1990|
Thomas B. Modly (born December 15, 1960) is an American businessman and government official who served as acting United States Secretary of the Navy from November 24, 2019, to April 7, 2020. Modly's resignation occurred in the wake of firing and berating Brett Crozier, the captain of the aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt, for allegedly going outside his chain of command in calling for help to deal with a COVID-19 outbreak onboard. Later, Modly traveled to the ship at port in Guam, where he addressed the crew in a manner that was perceived as disrespectful. He was subsequently widely criticized, and soon resigned.
Modly, who was confirmed as the United States Under Secretary of the Navy on December 4, 2017, also temporarily performed the duties of the Secretary of the Navy while Richard V. Spencer was acting Secretary of Defense and acting Deputy Secretary of Defense from July 15, 2019, to July 31, 2019.
Modly was raised in Cleveland, Ohio, graduating from Shaker Heights High School in 1979. He is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy class of 1983, Georgetown University, and Harvard Business School. He served on active duty in the United States Navy as a helicopter pilot and spent seven years as a U.S. Navy officer. He has held various leadership positions at Iconixx, Oxford Associates, and UNC Inc., and taught political science at the United States Air Force Academy.
Modly served as the managing director of the PricewaterhouseCoopers global government and public services sector and as the firm's global government defense network leader. He has served as the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Financial Management and as the first executive director of the Defense Business Board.
USS Theodore Roosevelt
Captain Brett Crozier was captain of the US aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt, deployed in the Pacific. On March 24, 2020, after two weeks at sea, three members of the crew tested positive for COVID-19. The next day, eight more sailors were infected, and within a few days it was "dozens."
Crozier sent a letter to 10 people: Crozier's immediate superior, Rear Admiral Stuart P. Baker, plus two other admirals of U.S. forces in the Pacific, with copies to seven other Navy captains, but not including Acting Secretary Modly or Modly's chief of staff. The letter criticized the Navy's management of a COVID-19 outbreak onboard the Theodore Roosevelt, and recommended decisive action to deal with it. The letter was then leaked to the press.
On April 2, 2020, while serving as Acting Secretary of the Navy, Thomas Modly dismissed Captain Crozier from command of the Theodore Roosevelt. Modly said he had lost confidence in Crozier's judgment because he claimed the letter went against the advice of Admiral Michael M. Gilday, Chief of Naval Operations, who argued that usual Navy procedures would require an investigation before such an action.
Modly also said he acted to prevent a repetition of a 2019 incident in which "the Navy Department got crossways with the president" after Trump's intervention in the case of Navy SEAL Eddie Gallagher. "I put myself in the president's shoes," Modly stated. "I considered how the president felt like he needed to get involved in Navy decisions. I didn't want that to happen again." The situation has been described as highlighting "a growing divide between senior uniformed commanders and their civilian bosses".
On April 6, Modly flew to Guam and made a speech to the Theodore Roosevelt′s crew over the ship's PA system. In it he criticized and ridiculed Crozier, saying "if he didn't think that information was going to get out into the public...then he was [either] too naive or too stupid to be a commanding officer of a ship like this [or] he did this on purpose."
In other parts of Modly's speech, he told the sailors: "you're not required to love" Crozier, and that the only thing they should expect from their leaders is to "treat you fairly and put the mission of the ship first". Modly also used his speech to criticize the media, future Democratic Nominee Joe Biden, and China.
While giving the speech, which The New York Times described as a "tirade", Modly was heckled by some of the sailors. Modly spent 30 minutes on the ship and left; the round trip taken by Modly took 50 hours and was estimated to have cost taxpayers more than $243,000. Due to his trip to the Theodore Roosevelt, Modly himself was quarantined. Modly's comments were quickly leaked to the media first as a transcript and then as an audio recording.
When questioned about his comments to the crew, Modly said he stood "by every word", including profanity that he said he used for emphasis. He later apologized for his comments, saying "I believe, precisely because [Crozier] is not naive or stupid, that he sent his alarming email with the intention of getting it into the public domain in an effort to draw public attention to the situation on his ship."
When the audio of his speech was released, Modly resigned the next day.
Reaction to firing
Congressmen Ted Lieu (D-CA) and Ruben Gallego (D-AZ) called on the Department of Defense Inspector General to investigate whether Acting Secretary Modly had acted inappropriately in relieving Crozier of his command. The following week they sent a letter to Secretary of Defense Mark Esper calling for Modly to be fired because of his comments to sailors aboard the Theodore Roosevelt and his decision to relieve Crozier. Several other Democratic members of Congress, including Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) and Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, joined in the call for Modly's resignation or removal. On April 7, Modly apologized for his comments and resigned from his position.
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- Modly, Thomas B. (June 11, 2019). "Under Secretary of the Navy Thomas B. Modly Remarks at The Patuxent Partnership". CHIPS. United States Department of the Navy. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
Thomas P. Dee
| United States Under Secretary of the Navy
Gregory J. Slavonic
Richard V. Spencer
| United States Secretary of the Navy
Richard V. Spencer
| United States Secretary of the Navy