This article does not cite any sources. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
In linguistic typology, time–manner–place is a general order of adpositional phrases in a language's sentences: "yesterday", "by car", "to the store". Japanese, Afrikaans, Dutch, Mandarin, and German belong to this category.
An example of this appositional ordering in German is:
|I'm travelling to Munich by car today.|
The temporal phrase – heute ("today") – comes first, the manner – mit dem Auto ("by car") – is second, and the place – nach München ("to Munich") – is third.
One way to remember the order in German is the mnemonic acronym ZAP: Zeit (time), Art (manner), Platz (place). Another, in English, is the "acronym" TeMPo. It is a subset of the system called TeKaMoLo in German, from Latin: Temporal, Kausal, Modal, Local, or time-cause-manner-place
English and French use this order only when the time is mentioned before the verb, which is commonly the case when time, manner, and place are all mentioned.