Timeline of Catalan history

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The following is a timeline of Catalan history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Catalonia and its predecessor states and entities. To read about the background to these events, see History of Catalonia.

8th century[edit]

Year Date Event
785 Girona was conquered by the Franks from Muslim control. Establishment of the County of Girona.

9th century[edit]

Year Date Event
801 Barcelona was conquered by the Franks from Muslim control. Establishment of the County of Barcelona.
826 Aissó Revolt against Frankish nobility.
878 Wilfred the Hairy becomes Count of Barcelona. He created the tradition of hereditary passage of titles.
897 Muslim raid over the County of Barcelona.

10th century[edit]

Year Date Event
988 Borrell II, Count of Barcelona not renewed allegiance to the French king Hugh Capet; he became de facto an independent count.

11th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1027 First Assembly of Peace and Truce of God of Catalonia, in Toulouges (Roussillon), promoted and presided by Abbot Oliba.

12th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1118 The Archdiocese of Tarragona was reestablished.
1137 Marriage between Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, and Petronilla, Queen of Aragon, creating the Crown of Aragon.
1192 First Catalan Courts.

13th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1213 12 September Battle of Muret, defeat of Catalan, Aragonese and Occitan forces led by Peter II of Aragon, which died in the battle, against the French forces.
1249 James I created the Council of One Hundred of Barcelona.
1258 Treaty of Corbeil between James I and Louis IX of France. The French king renounced its de iure feudal overlordship over Catalonia while James renounced its claims in Occitania, except Foix.
1283 First Catalan constitutions.
1285 30 September Battle of the Col de Panissars (Catalan Pyrenees), decisive victory of the king Peter III of Aragon over French forces, during the Aragonese Crusade.
1300 The University of Lleida, the first university of Catalonia and the Crown of Aragon, was founded.

14th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1333 Lo mal any primer, great famine.
1350 Catalan Courts of Perpignan. First official and explicit use of the term "Principality of Catalonia".
1359 The Catalan Courts of 1359 created the Generalitat of Catalonia.

15th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1401 Taula de Canvi, first public bank of Europe, founded in Barcelona.
1410 Martin I, last king of the House of Barcelona, died without heirs. Beginning of two-year interregnum.
1412 Compromise of Caspe, parliamentary representatives of Catalonia, Aragon and Valencia elected Ferdinand of the Castilian House of Trastámara as the new King of Aragon.
1462 Beginning of the Catalan Civil War.
1472 24 October Capitulation of Pedralbes, end of the Civil War with negotiated victory of the royal side.
1481 The Constitució de l'Observança was approved by the Catalan Courts, establishing the submission of royal power to the laws of the Principality Catalonia.
1486 21 April Sentencia Arbitral de Guadalupe: the remensa peasants were liberated from the majority of feudal abuses.
1493 Christopher Columbus was received in the monastery of Sant Jeroni de la Murtra of Badalona by the Catholic Monarchs after its first voyage to America.

16th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1519 Charles V presided the Catalan Courts and was recognized as Count of Barcelona.

17th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1626 7 June The Catalan Courts, presided by Philip IV, rejected the proposal of Union of Arms made by the royal favourite and minister Count-Duke of Olivares.
1640 7 June Corpus de Sang in Barcelona, one of the initial events of the Reaper's War.
1641 16 January Pau Claris, President of the Generalitat proclaimed, according with the States-General of Catalonia, the Catalan Republic.
23 January In order to gain more military aid from France, the States-General proclaimed Louis XIII as Count of Barcelona.
26 January Battle of Montjuïc, decisive Franco-Catalan victory over the Spanish armies.
1652 Fall of Barcelona to Spanish Royal army. The Principality was reincorporated into the Monarchy of Spain.
1659 Treaty of the Pyrenees between Spain and France, the counties of Roussillon and the northern half of Cerdanya were ceded to France.
1687 Revolt of the Barretines.

18th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1701 Catalan Courts presided by Philip V of Bourbon, they recognized Philip as Count of Barcelona and created the Court of Contraventions.
20 June Treaty of Genoa between England and Catalonia.
1705 11 September Last Catalan Courts, presided by Charles III of Habsburg, They recognized Philip as Count of Barcelona and established an important advance in the guarantee of individual, civil and political rights.
1714 11 September Fall of Barcelona to Bourbon army.
1716 Nueva Planta Decrees, the Principality of Catalonia loss its institutions and laws and it was politically incorporated into the Crown of Castille, as de facto Kingdom of Spain.
1721 Mossos d'Esquadra founded.

19th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1812 12 January By decree of Napoleon, Catalonia was incorporated to France and divided into four French departaments.
1814 French troops evacuated Catalonia.
1832 It was inaugurated in Barcelona the factory Bonaplata, the first of the country that worked with steam engine.
1835 First bullanga, popular revolt in Barcelona.
1843 Jamància, last bullanga, which revindicated a progressive political program.
1848 28 October First railway construction in the Iberian Peninsula, linking Barcelona with Mataró.
1859 May The Floral Games were re-established, in the context of the Renaixença.
1869 18 May The representatives of the federal-republican committees of Aragon, Catalonia, Valencia and the Balearic Islands had signed the Tortosa Pact to work together in order to establish the Spanish Federal Republic.
1873 9 May The Provincial Deputation of Barcelona, controlled by federal-republicans, proclaimed an ephemeral Catalan State.
1888 1888 Barcelona Universal Exposition.
1892 Manresa Bases, first proposal of self-government of Catalonia made by Catalan nationalism.

20th century[edit]

Year Date Event
1905 May ¡Cu-Cut! Affair. Officers of the Spanish Army, angry at the magazine for having published an offending joke, stormed the Cu-Cut! offices.
1909 25 July Beginning of the Tragic Week.
1914 6 April The Commonwealth of Catalonia was established. Enric Prat de la Riba was elected its first president.
National Library of Catalonia established.[1]
1919 February La Canadiense strike. Among its consequences was to force the Spanish government to issue the first law limiting the working day to eight hours.
1925 20 March Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish dictator, disbanded the Commonwealth of Catalonia.
1926 4 November Events of Prats de Molló: Francesc Macià, leader of Estat Català, independentist party, tried to liberate Catalonia from France with a small army and proclaim the Catalan Republic, but he was betrayed and arrested.
1931 14 April Francesc Macià proclaimed the Catalan Republic as state of the "Iberian Federation".
1932 9 September Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1932. Catalonia becomes an autonomous region within the Spanish Republic.
20 November The Parliament of Catalonia was elected for the first time, the Republican Left of Catalonia won a large majority of seats.
14 December The Parliament elected Macià as president of Catalonia.
1934 6 October Lluís Companys, president of Catalonia, proclaimed the Catalan State of the Spanish Federal Republic. The Spanish army quickly suppressed the State and arrested Companys and the Catalan government. The autonomy was suspended.
1936 February After the Popular Front victory in the February 1936 Spanish general election, the Catalan government was pardoned and reinstated in their functions.
19 July Military uprising in Barcelona, as part of the military coup against the Republic. The forces of the Generalitat and trade unions stopped the coup in Barcelona and Catalonia. Beginning of the Spanish Civil War. Anarchists take control de facto of Catalonia.
1937 3 May May Days, clashes between the anarchists and POUM against the forces of the Republic and the Generalitat, supported by the PSUC. The Republic recovered full control of Catalonia.
1938 5 April General Franco decreed the suppression of the Statute of Autonomy and the Generalitat of Catalonia.
1939 5 February Lluís Companys crossed the Franco-Spanish border, the Generalitat went into exile.
1940 15 October The president Lluís Companys was executed in Montjuïc Castle of Barcelona by firing squad in Francoist Spain.
1971 7 November Assembly of Catalonia.
1977 11 September 1977 Catalan autonomy protest.
23 October The exiled president of Catalonia, Josep Tarradellas, returned to Barcelona and the Generalitat of Catalonia was restored.
1979 8 September Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979.
1983 8 September Televisió de Catalunya founded.
1992 The 1992 Summer Olympic Games were held in Barcelona.[2]

21st century[edit]

Year Date Event
2005 PADICAT is established.
2006 9 August Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 2006.
2010 28 June At the request of the conservative Popular Party, the Constitutional Court of Spain declared non valid many of the articles of the Statute of Autonomy.
10 July 2010 Catalan autonomy protest.
2013 11 September Catalan Way.
2014 9 November Catalan self-determination referendum, 2014.
2015 9 November Declaration of the Initiation of the Process of Independence of Catalonia.
2017 1 October Catalan independence referendum, 2017.
27 October Independence declared.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arenas 2012.
  2. ^ "Barcelona 1992 Olympic Games". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 25 July 2017.