Timeline of digital audio broadcasting in the UK

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

This is a list of notable events in the timeline of digital audio broadcasting in the UK.

1990s[edit]

  • 1991
    • No events.
  • 1992
    • No events.
  • 1993
    • No events.
  • 1994
    • No events.
  • 1996
    • The Broadcasting Act of 1996 allows the introduction of national, regional and local commercial ensembles in the United Kingdom.[3]
  • 1997
    • The first in-car DAB radios go on sale, at a cost of around £800.
  • 1998
    • 24 March – The Radio Authority advertises the first national commercial DAB multiplex. The Authority stipulates that the three analogue Independent National Radio stations will have a guaranteed berth on the multiplex. The licence is awarded to the sole applicant, GWR Group and NTL Broadcast, to operate as Digital One.[4]
    • 1 October – Sky Digital launches and the new service carries a range of audio channels, including a number of radio stations. However rival digital television platform OnDigital does not carry any radio services when it launches a few weeks later.
  • 1999
    • 10 May – The Radio Authority licenses the first local DAB multiplex. It for the Birmingham ensemble and is licensed to CE Digital. Each local multiplex operator has to carry the area's BBC Local Radio station. However, the same guarantee is not given for the area's analogue commercial stations.[5] The Birmingham ensemble licence award is followed by awards for licences in Manchester, Greater London, Glasgow and South Yorkshire.
    • 15 November – Britain's first national commercial DAB digital radio multiplex, Digital One, goes on air to England, and parts of Scotland and Wales. The stations carried at launch include the three national commercial AM/FM services – Classic FM, Virgin Radio (now Absolute) and Talk Radio UK (now talkSPORT) – along with two new digital-first stations – fresh pop service Core and adult classic rock station Planet Rock, both then under the ownership of Classic FM's then parent (and Digital One shareholder) GWR Group. Digital One would extend its station lineup and transmission area over subsequent years, and became available to Northern Ireland from 2013 (following the completion of digital television switchover in the UK and Republic of Ireland the prior autumn).

2000s[edit]

  • 2001
    • Digital News Network launches to provide rolling news for the regional DAB multiplexes then licensed in England and Wales.[7]
  • 2003
    • 1 January – A station named The Hits, carrying the audio of the Box Plus Network television channel of the same name, appears on DAB in London.
    • 14 February – BBC Radio 1, Radio 2, Radio 3 and Radio 4 FM start broadcasting on Freeview. They broadcast on multiplex A as there is not enough room for them on multiplex B, on which the other BBC stations are carried.[9]
    • 1 April – The Hits on DAB switches away from the TV audio and becomes a dedicated radio stream, playing contemporary pop hits.
    • 1 July – The rolling news service on Digital One, provided by ITN, stops broadcasting.
    • 6 December – Bloomberg stops broadcasting on Digital One.
  • 2004
    • April – The Hits is removed from Emap's local DAB multiplexes in favour of Kerrang! Radio.
    • 1 May – KMFM Extra begins broadcasting across Kent.
  • 2005
    • Chill begins broadcasting.
  • 2006
    • 2 June – Primetime Radio closes after six years on air.
    • 10 July – Yorkshire Radio begins broadcasting.
    • August – Digital News Network is absorbed into LBC by the then sole owner Chrysalis[10] and LBC is now heard on the MXR regional multiplexes. The service is reduced and moved from its Birmingham home and into Chrysalis London. Regional news bulletins on DAB continue until the end of 2008.
    • December – Ofcom begins advertising local DAB multiplexes as many areas of the UK still did not have a local multiplex, with the first to cover Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire.[11] These are the first new multiplexes to be offered since Ofcom took over as regulator of radio in the UK at the end of 2003 and ten further areas were advertised during 2007. However these multiplexes did not launch until the early 2010s.
    • 25 December – theJazz begins broadcasting on Digital One.[12][13]
  • 2008
    • 11 January –
    • 12 January – The Forces Station BFBS begins a trial period of broadcasting nationwide across the UK on DAB from midnight. The trial ran until 23:59 on 31 March 2008, and audience research carried out during this time concluded that it was successful. BFBS subsequently returned to DAB Digital Radio on a permanent basis.[18]
    • 31 March – Following its decision to exit digital broadcasting, GCap closes theJazz and Capital Life.[19] To compensate, for the next few months, two hours of jazz music are broadcast each night on Classic FM.
    • 4 April – Virgin Radio Groove closes after eight years on air.
    • 6 May – Freesat launches and carries all the BBC's national and regional digital radio stations as well as BBC London 94.9 from day one.
    • 11 October – The closure of Channel 4 Radio is announced.[20]

2010s[edit]

  • 2011
    • 1 November – GMG Radio launches a dedicated station playing nothing but Christmas music, under the brand "Smooth Christmas". The station had no news or advertisements but did promote Smooth Radio and broadcast until 27 December 2011.[23]
    • 22 November – Absolute Radio 60s launches, followed one week later by the launch of Absolute Radio 70s.
    • 23 December – GMG Radio confirms plans to launch a station dedicated to music from the 1970s on trial basis and four days later Smooth 70s replaces Smooth Christmas on the Digital One platform.[24]
  • 2012
    • 15 May – Amazing Radio leaves the DAB multiplex after a contractual dispute with Digital One owners Arqiva, but continues to broadcast online.[25]
    • 25 June – KMFM Extra closes and is replaced on DAB by the new-countywide KMFM.
    • 27 July-12 August – The 2012 Summer Olympics take place and BBC Radio 5 Live operates a temporary station – 5 Live Olympics Extra – to provide additional coverage of the Games.
    • 25 September – It is announced that the MXR multiplexes will close between July and September 2013 after the shareholders Global Radio &and Arqiva decided not to renew the licences. Digital Radio UK stated that the released frequencies of the closed regional multiplexes will be reused for local DAB coverage roll-out.[26]
    • 30 October – Smooth Radio confirms that Smooth Christmas will return, airing on the Digital One multiplex in the lead up to the festive season, giving the brand three stations on the platform.[27] It launches two days later.
    • 27 December – Kiss 100 launches on the Digital One national DAB multiplex.[28]
  • 2014
    • 1 January – Jazz FM stops broadcasting on the Digital One multiplex, but continues to be available on DAB in London, online and through satellite television.[36] Its Digital One slot is temporarily taken over by the return of Birdsong Radio, with plans for a permanent replacement in February.[37]
    • May – The BBC broadcasts a pop-up digital radio service BBC Radio 2 Eurovision to extend the BBC's coverage of the Eurovision Song Contest. Returned in 2015 to provide coverage of the 2015 contest.
    • 15 November – Smooth Christmas returns to DAB in preparation for the launch of a new station with the Smooth brand.[38]
    • 12 December – Kisstory and KissFresh start broadcasting on DAB for the first time when the appear on the Greater London I DAB multiplex. The stations had launched in May 2013 on Freeview
    • 27 December – Launch of Smooth Extra on DAB.[39]
  • 2015
    • 5 January –
    • January – Kisstory launches on many more local multiplexes across the UK.[41]
    • 19 January – The Hits is split into a network of fresh-hits DAB stations in Bauer's heritage areas - Bauer City 3 - with split localised news, branding and advertising, and shared programme content. This programming also remains available nationally on Freeview under The Hits Radio name.[42] The Hits is removed from DAB in London and Birmingham, the Birmingham space going to Kisstory (then to KissFresh after Kisstory's move to Sound Digital in 2016).
    • 3 February – Ofcom announces that two bids have been received for the second national digital multiplex.[43]
    • 5–8 March – BBC Radio 2 launches its second pop-up station – BBC Radio 2 Country to cover the annual C2C: Country to Country festival. The station returned to cover the 2016 and 2017 event.
    • 27 March – The Sound Digital consortium, which includes UTV Media, wins the licence to launch the Digital Two network in 2016. UTV Media will launch four new stations on the platform.[44]
    • 29 June – The last of the five regional multiplexes in England and wales - Yorkshire - closes down.[45] The previous four regional multiplexes had closed in 2013. The regional multiplex covering Central Scotland continues to operate.
    • 31 July – The first of ten multiplexes trialling small-scale DAB multiplexes launches in Brighton. Initially a nine-month trial, the multiplexes continue to broadcast and are currently licensed until December 2021.
    • 21 September – XFM is relaunched as a national digital station called Radio X on 21 September.[46]
  • 2016
    • 29 February –
      • The UK's second national commercial multiplex starts broadcasting. However, only 73% of the UK's population is able to receive it. Two of the stations - Fun Kids and Jazz FM broadcast via the newer DAB+ format.
      • Absolute 80s and Planet Rock switch from Digital One to the new multiplex although they continue to broadcast on Digital One until the end of April.[47]
      • Heart Extra launches on Digital One.
      • Jazz FM is made available nationally as a digital station again after leaving the national DAB multiplex at the end of 2013.[48]
    • 15 March – Mellow Magic and Talksport 2 begin broadcasting on the Sound Digital multiplex. They are joined on the multiplex on 21 March by Talkradio, on the 27th by Premier Praise, on the 28th by Magic Chilled and on the 30th by Virgin Radio.
    • April – BBC Radio 2 broadcasts its third pop-up station – BBC Radio 2 50s.
    • 1 May – Following the transfer of Kisstory to the semi-national Sound Digital multiplex, KissFresh takes over some of the local slots vacated by Kisstory.[49]
    • Spring – Magic broadcasts a temporary pop-up service called Magic ABBA, run as a commercial partnership with Mamma Mia!: the Musical It is replaced by Magic Summer Soul. Initially intended as another short-term pop-up, the station becomes permanent in the autumn and is renamed Magic Soul.
    • 9 September – UnionJack launches on the Sound Digital multiplex.
  • 2017
    • 19 January – The Armed Forces radio station BFBS announces it will cease broadcasting on the Digital One platform from March because of the cost of transmitting content through DAB.[50]
    • 14 March – Heart 80s begins broadcasting on Digital One.
    • March – The small-scale Brighton multiplex becomes the UK's first multiplex to only broadcast via the newer DAB+ format.[51]
    • 10 July – KissFresh launches nationally on the Digital One multiplex. Its schedule and playlist is refreshed to differentiate it from the main Kiss station.[52]
    • 29 August – Awesome Radio stops broadcasting on the Sound Digital multiplex.[53]
    • 1 September – The Bauer City 3 network is disbanded, and The Hits as a single national service returns to DAB in its place.[54]
    • 18 September – The fourth roll-out of 164 new transmitters of the BBC National DAB multiplex is completed. The programme, which had run for the past two years, increased the reach from 93% to more than 97% of the UK's population.[55]
    • 28-30 September – As part of Radio 1's 50th birthday celebrations, the BBC operates a three-day pop-up station Radio 1 Vintage celebrating the station's presenters.[56]
  • 2018
    • 24 January – BFBS returns to semi-national DAB broadcasting when it launches on the Sound Digital multiplex.
    • 15 May – Sound Digital announces that it will add 19 transmitters to its network. They will launch in the South West, East Anglia, Wales and North of Scotland and will increase Sound Digital's coverage by nearly 4 million new listeners in more than 1.6m new households.[57]
    • 22 December – Virgin Radio Anthems and Virgin Radio Chilled launch on the Sound Digital multiplex.

2020s[edit]

  • 2020
    • 12 March – Global closes the national digital stations Heart Extra and Smooth Extra, replacing these on Digital One with Heart UK and Smooth UK, which share all programming content with the London stations. Capital UK on Digital One switches to DAB+ at the same time.
    • 8 April – Smooth Chill launches on Digital One.[71]
    • 29 June – Times Radio launches on Sound Digital.
    • 11 December – Union JACK Rock and Union JACK Dance launch on Sound Digital. They replace JACK Radio on the multiplex.[72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Milestones – 1990s". BBC Research and Development. Archived from the original on 1 December 2004. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  2. ^ "The Status of T-DAB implementation in Europe". The Catalyst. Archived from the original on 21 January 2005. Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  3. ^ "Broadcasting Act 1996". Office of Public Sector Information. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
  4. ^ "RADIO AUTHORITY RECEIVES ONE APPLICATION FOR FIRST AND ONLY NATIONAL COMMERCIAL DIGITAL MULTIPLEX LICENCE". Ofcom. Radio Authority. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  5. ^ "Radio authority awards first local digital multiplex licence, for Birmingham". Ofcom (Press release). Radio Authority. 15 October 1999. Retrieved 5 May 2007.
  6. ^ "Oneword Radio unveils launch schedule". Broadcast Now. 18 April 2000. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  7. ^ Dhingra, Dolly (12 November 2001). "Foibles". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  8. ^ "Freeview to launch on 30 October". BBC Press Office. 3 October 2002. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
  9. ^ Wilkes, Neil (12 February 2003). "Freeview launch for Radio 1 – 4". Digital Spy. Retrieved 15 April 2007.
  10. ^ Day, Julia (1 August 2006). "Ofcom gives nod to LBC news hub". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  11. ^ "Ofcom set to advertise new DAB muxes". Digital TV Group. 25 October 2006. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2007.
  12. ^ Xmas Day launch for GCap Jazz Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine. Published by Radio Today on November 28, 2006. Accessed December 18, 2009.
  13. ^ GCap Media inc Regulatory Announcement[permanent dead link]. Published by the London Stock Exchange on November 28, 2006. Accessed December 18, 2009
  14. ^ Channel 4 to challenge the BBC in digital radio, DTG News, 7 June 2006
  15. ^ Plunkett, John (10 January 2008). "Two digital radio stations to close". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 18 December 2009.
  16. ^ "Birdsong proves popular on radio". The Daibly Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. 5 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  17. ^ "Birdsong is back". ukdigitalradio. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  18. ^ "DAB re-armed with BFBS radio". Retrieved 8 April 2012.
  19. ^ Sherwin, Adam (2 May 2008). "Jazz station wins record audience after scrapping DJs". The Times. London. Retrieved 18 December 2009.(subscription required)
  20. ^ Plunkett, John (14 October 2008). "The Guardian, News, Media, Radio, Tuesday October 14, 2008 16.52 BST – 4 Digital radio partners in crisis talks". London: Guardian. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Birdsong radio taken off the air". BBC News. BBC. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  22. ^ ukdigitalradio: News – NME Radio Stops Broadcasting on DAB Digital Radio
  23. ^ "Have yourself a very Smooth Xmas". Ukdigitalradio.com. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  24. ^ "GMG Radio trialling new all-70s station". Radio Today. 23 December 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  25. ^ "Amazing Radio Leaves DAB". Radio Guide. 21 May 2012. Archived from the original on 30 May 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  26. ^ "Regional MXR digital multiplexes to close". Radio Today. 25 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  27. ^ "Smooth Xmas set to return on Digital 1". Radio Today. 30 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  28. ^ "Kiss FM appears on national Digital One". 27 December 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  29. ^ "Gaydio takes on GaydarRadio DAB licences". Radio Today. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
  30. ^ "Ofcom testing DAB+ in the Brighton area". Radio Today. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
  31. ^ Plunkett, John (6 February 2013). "Planet Rock bought by Bauer Media". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
  32. ^ "Sudden end for digital station NME Radio". Radio Today. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
  33. ^ "New country music radio station launches". Radio Today. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 25 April 2013.
  34. ^ "Minister welcomes digital radio boost". Belfast Telegraph. Independent News and Media. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Regional DAB turned off in West Midlands". Radio Today. 27 August 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  36. ^ "Jazz FM leaves national DAB digital radio". Radio Today. 5 December 2013. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  37. ^ "New national DAB station to launch in Feb". Radio Today. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  38. ^ Martin, Roy (10 November 2014). "Global to launch Smooth Extra on national DAB". Radio Today. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  39. ^ Martin, Roy (27 December 2014). "Smooth Extra launches on DAB digital radio". Radio Today. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  40. ^ Martin, Roy (5 January 2015). "Bauer puts Magic on D1, puts Absolute in mono". Radio Today. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  41. ^ "The great DAB digital radio station reshuffle: what's changing?". a516digital.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  42. ^ Bauer City Network 3 launches on local DAB Radio Today, 19 January 2015
  43. ^ Martin, Roy (3 February 2015). "Digital Two applications published by Ofcom". Radio Today. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  44. ^ O'Donoghue, Paul (27 March 2015). "RTE loses out to UTV in UK digital radio bid". The Irish Independent. Independent News and Media. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
  45. ^ "Yorkshire". Ofcom. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  46. ^ "Full line-up for Global's Radio X confirmed". RadioToday. 7 September 2015. Retrieved 7 September 2015.
  47. ^ "Absolute 80s, Planet Rock, Heat and Kisstory to end dual DAB transmission". a516digital.com. 2016-04-15.
  48. ^ "Jazz FM returns to national DAB". Archived from the original on 16 July 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  49. ^ "DAB Update: D2 station migration completes". Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  50. ^ Martin, Roy (19 January 2017). "BFBS to end national DAB radio transmissions". Radio Today. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  51. ^ "Brighton becomes home to first DAB+ only multiplex in the UK". a516digital. Retrieved 2017-03-03.
  52. ^ "KISS Fresh goes national on DAB digital radio". 10 July 2017. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  53. ^ "Awesome Radio Shutdown".
  54. ^ "The Hits to replace Bauer's City 3 network", RadioToday, 2017-08-29
  55. ^ Arqiva confirms BBC DAB rollout complete
  56. ^ "DJs celebrate 50 years of Radio 1 and 2". 30 September 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  57. ^ https://radiotoday.co.uk/2018/05/sdl-to-extend-coverage-of-national-dab-mux/
  58. ^ "Kisstory Replaces Absolute 90s on Digital One", RadioToday, 2019-01-25
  59. ^ "Simon Mayo to launch classical station Scala Radio after leaving Radio 2". BBC News. BBC. 21 January 2019. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  60. ^ "Advertisement of Local Radio Multiplex Licence: Channel Islands" (PDF). Ofcom. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  61. ^ Clarkson, Stuart (5 June 2019). "Ofcom changes plans for North Lancashire and Cumbria DAB". Radio Today. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  62. ^ "Advertisement of Local Radio Multiplex Licence(s): Morecambe Bay, North and West Cumbria and Southwest Scotland" (PDF). Ofcom. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  63. ^ "Gold is now national across the UK, with James Bassam on The More Music Breakfast Show!". Gold. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  64. ^ "Listen to non-stop club classics with Heart Dance". Heart. Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  65. ^ "Heart 90s to launch on national DAB digital radio", RadioToday, 2019-08-28
  66. ^ Heart 70s to launch on national DAB Digital Radio
  67. ^ Global to launch Capital XTRA Reloaded across the UK
  68. ^ Smooth Country goes DAB with Eamonn Kelly
  69. ^ Smooth Chill, Smooth Radio, 2019-09-03
  70. ^ https://radiotoday.co.uk/2019/10/global-to-launch-24-hour-rolling-news-radio-station/
  71. ^ Smooth Chill goes national on DAB Digital Radio
  72. ^ "Union JACK expands with rock and dance stations". Dec 9, 2020. Retrieved Dec 9, 2020.