Timeline of the city of Rome

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The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Rome, Italy.

Early history[edit]

Tradition states that Romulus and Remus were raised by a wolf before founding Rome in 753 BC.
  • 1000 BC – Latins begin to settle in Italy


19th-century painting of the Gallic leader Brennus looting Rome after the Battle of the Allia in 390 BC
  • 499 BC - A battle against foreign tribes commences, including the construction of the Temple of Castor and Pollux.
  • 396 BC - The Etruscan city of Veio is defeated by the Romans
  • 390 BC - Rome is sacked by the Gauls after the Battle of the Allia
  • 380 BC - The once destroyed Servian Wall is reconstructed.
  • 312 BC - The Via Appia and Aqua Appia are constructed.
  • 264 - 241 BC - First Punic War
  • 220 BC - Via Flamina is constructed.
  • 218 - 202 BC - Second Punic War
  • 168 BC - The Romans have a great victory in the Macedonian War, conquering Greece.
  • 149 - 146 BC - The Third Punic War
  • 133 BC - 120 BC - The Gracchi brothers are controversially killed.
  • 71 BC - Spartacus is killed and his rebel army destroyed.
  • 60 BC - Pompey, Crassus and Caesar form the first triumvirate.
  • 59 BC - Handwritten "news posters" introduced.[1]
  • 58-50 BC - Caesar conquers Gaul.

Imperial city[edit]

St Peter, the first Pope, was crucified in Rome in 67 AD
The Colosseum opened in 80 AD
  • 49 BC - Caesar crosses the Rubicon in order to take Rome.
  • 44 BC - Caesar elects himself dictator, and in March is killed by Brutus and Cassius
  • 27 BC - Augustus is made Rome's first emperor.
  • 13 BC - The Ara Pacis is constituted since Augustus secured his empire.
  • 42 AD - The apostle St Peter arrives in Rome.
  • 64 AD - The Great Fire of Rome, rumored to be blamed by Nero on the Christians.
  • c. 65 AD - The Romans begin to massacre Christians .
  • 67 AD - St Peter is crucified in Rome, and similarly St Paul is executed.
  • 72 AD - Work on the Flavian Amphitheatre (Colosseum) begins.
  • March, 80 AD - The inauguration of the Colosseum begins.
  • 121 AD - Hadrian's Wall is completed.
  • 125 AD - Emperor Hadrian has the Pantheon reconstructed to more or less how it is today.
  • 212 AD - All the inhabitants of the empire are granted citizenship.
  • 216 AD - Work on the Baths of Caracalla is finally over, as the building gets completed.
  • 225 AD - Mathematicians allowed to teach publicly at Rome.
  • 247 AD - The first millennium of Rome is celebrated.
  • 270 AD - Construction of the Aurelian Wall begins.
  • 274 AD - The temple of the Sun built at Rome.
  • 284 AD - Diocletian partitions administration of the Roman Empire in half, thereby establishing the Eastern Roman Empire in Byzantium.

Early Medieval period[edit]

19th-century painting of the Visigothic Sack of Rome in 410 AD

High Middle Ages[edit]

The Papal throne in the Archbasilica of St. John Lateran dates from the 13th century
  • 1084 - The city of Rome is attacked by the Normans
  • 1108 - The church of San Clemente is in this year rebuilt.
  • 1140 - The church of Santa Maria in Trastevere is restored.
  • 1200 - The city becomes an independent commune
  • 1232 - The cloisters in the Basilica of St. John Lateran are finished.
  • 1300 - Pope Boniface VIII proclaims the First Holy Year.
  • 1309 - The Papacy is moved to Avignon under Pope Clement V
  • 1347 - The patriot and rebel Cola di Rienzo tries to restore the Roman Republic.
  • 1348 - As in most of Europe, the Black Death strikes Rome.

Roman Renaissance[edit]

From 1508 to 1512, Michelangelo painted the Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

Baroque period[edit]

The Church of the Gesù was the first Baroque structure, built in 1568
The current St. Peter's Basilica was finished in 1626

19th century and Risorgimento[edit]

Illustration of the proclamation of the 1849 Roman Republic in the Piazza del Popolo.

20th century and modern Rome[edit]

The Altare della Patria was built in honour of King Victor Emmanuel II in 1911
Fascists, led by Benito Mussolini, at the March on Rome in 1922

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]

Other cities in the macroregion of Central Italy:(it)


  1. ^ Steven Anzovin and Janet Podell, ed. (2000). Famous First Facts. H.W. Wilson Co. ISBN 0824209583.
  2. ^ Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis. Ravenna in Late Antiquity, Cambridge University Press, 2014, p. 46. ISBN 9781107612907

Further reading[edit]

  • J. Willoughby Rosse (1859). "Rome". Index of Dates ... Facts in the Chronology and History of the World. London: H.G. Bohn – via Hathi Trust.

External links[edit]