Tivat Airport

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Tivat Airport

Aerodrom Tivat

Аеродром Тиват
Tivat.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorAirports of Montenegro
ServesTivat
LocationMrčevac, Montenegro
Hub forMontenegro Airlines
Elevation AMSL20 ft / 6 m
Coordinates42°24′17″N 18°43′24″E / 42.40472°N 18.72333°E / 42.40472; 18.72333
Websitemontenegroairports.com
Map
TIV is located in Montenegro
TIV
TIV
Location of airport in Montenegro
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14/32 8,202 2,500 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Aircraft movements7,049
Number of passengers1,367,282

Tivat Airport (Montenegrin: Аеродром Тиват, Aerodrom Tivat) (IATA: TIV, ICAO: LYTV) is an international airport serving the Montenegrin coastal town of Tivat and the surrounding region.

The airport is situated 3 km (1.9 mi) south of the centre of Tivat, with the runway aligned with the Tivat Field (Montenegrin: Tivatsko polje).

It is the busier of two international airports in Montenegro, the other being Podgorica Airport. Traffic at the airport follows the highly seasonal nature of the tourism industry in coastal Montenegro, with 80% of the total volume of passengers being handled during the peak season (May–September).

Overview[edit]

Tivat airport is located right next to the city of Tivat, 8 km (5 mi) from the center of Kotor, and 20 km (12 mi) north-west of Budva, one of the most popular tourist destinations on the eastern Adriatic coast. The sole runway of the airport ends just 88 m (289 ft) from the coastline of the Bay of Kotor.

Tivat Airport is assigned 4D classification by ICAO,[1] airspace class D, and is noted for its challenging approach and landing procedures. Landing at Tivat is considered demanding due to hilly terrain surrounding the valley in which the airport is situated, and strong prevailing crosswinds. Runway 32 approach requires a descent into the valley of Tivatsko polje,[2] and a 20° turn for runway alignment just before landing. Runway 14 approach is even more challenging, because of the circle-to-land maneuver executed in the dramatic scenery surrounding the Bay of Kotor. It is known among pilots as the European Kai Tak because of its tricky approach and landing procedures, and also can be compared to Madeira Airport.[citation needed] Passengers landing at Tivat have views of the bay, the surrounding mountains and a low flyby over Porto Montenegro luxury yacht marina.[citation needed] The airport is commonly visited by plane spotters, as end of the runway is easily accessible and offers unobstructed views of takeoffs and landings, with a mountain backdrop.

Year-round services from the airport include Belgrade and Moscow; however, more than 80% of the traffic is concentrated in the summer period,[citation needed] with the introduction of seasonal and charter flights. With the opening of Porto Montenegro and introduction of other high-end tourist services, the airport increasingly caters to business jets.

Tivat Airport terminal - check-in area

Adriatic Highway (E65/E80) passes right by the passenger terminal, making the airport easily accessible from the entire northern part of Montenegrin coast.

History[edit]

The airport in Tivat was opened on 30 May 1957, as a small airport with a single grass runway (1200 m × 80 m) a small apron (30 m × 30 m) and a terminal building complete with control tower. From 1957 to 1968, activity at the airport consisted mostly of domestic passenger traffic to Belgrade, Zagreb and Skopje, with JAT Douglas DC-3 and Ilyushin Il-14 aircraft.[3]

From 1968 to 1971, the airport underwent expansion and modernization. It was reopened on 25 September 1971 with an asphalt runway (2500 m × 45 m), larger apron (450 m × 70 m), extended taxiways, and completely new passenger terminal and control tower. After the 1979 earthquake, the airport was once again refurbished. Notably, the apron was expanded (460 m × 91.5 m) and taxiways widened, so the airport could handle wide-body aircraft.[4]

On 23 April 2003, the ownership of the airport was transferred from Jat Airways to "Airports of Montenegro" public company, owned by the government of Montenegro. Since then, the airport was once again modernized and refurbished, with reconstructed passenger terminal opening on 3 June 2006. In October 2007, South Korea made a government donation valued at $1 million for a new airport equipment ranging from cargo loaders to flight information display system.[5][6] Further reforms came in 2008 when several old types of passenger aircraft such as the Ilyushin Il-86 were permanently banned from flying to Tivat and subsequently redirected to Podgorica Airport due to noise abatement.[7]

However, as passenger traffic in the mid-2010s approaches the one-million mark, and strong growth continues, the passenger terminal is a bottleneck in peak summer months. Thus, a new passenger terminal is planned at Tivat Airport in the near future, along with further expansion of airport facilities.[citation needed]

On December 2018, PM Duško Marković opened the newly built Terminal 2 at Tivat Airport – the first investment since 2006, when the existing airport building was built. Marković used this opportunity to point out that he sees the cooperation between the Government and the Management of Airports as an example to be followed by others in Montenegro.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Below is a list of scheduled services throughout all seasons from Tivat Airport according to the Montenegrin Airports Authority:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Moldova Seasonal charter: Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Seasonal: Niš
Belavia Seasonal charter: Minsk[9]
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
easyJet Seasonal: Berlin–Brandenburg (begins 29 March 2021),[10] Geneva, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa (begins 28 June 2021)[11]
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Katowice,[12] Poznań,[12] Warsaw–Chopin[12]
Eurowings Seasonal: Düsseldorf
flydubai Seasonal: Dubai–International
Israir Seasonal: Tel Aviv
LOT Polish Airlines Seasonal: Warsaw–Chopin[13]
Seasonal charter: Katowice[14]
Lufthansa Seasonal: Frankfurt,[15] Munich[15]
Montenegro Airlines Belgrade, Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Copenhagen, Hannover, Leipzig/Halle, London–Gatwick, Munich, Saint Petersburg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Seasonal: Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo
Red Wings Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo [16]
Rossiya Seasonal: Saint Petersburg
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
SmartLynx Airlines Estonia Seasonal charter: Tallinn[17]
Transavia Seasonal: Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Seasonal: Brussels[18]
Ukraine International Airlines Seasonal charter: Kiev–Boryspil[19]
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo
Windrose Airlines Seasonal charter: Dnipropetrovsk, Kiev–Boryspil[20]
Yamal Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg

Statistics[edit]

Traffic figures at Tivat Airport
Year Passengers Change Aircraft movements Change
2005 377,013 2,522
2006 451,289 Increase20% 3,261 Increase29%
2007 573,914 Increase27% 4,079 Increase25%
2008 570,636 Decrease1% 4,630 Increase14%
2009 532,080 Decrease7% 4,226 Decrease9%
2010 541,870 Increase2% 4,017 Decrease4%
2011 647,184 Increase19% 4,531 Increase12%
2012 725,412 Increase12% 4,605 Increase2%
2013 868,343 Increase20% 5,198 Increase14%
2014 910,264 Increase5% 5,281 Increase1%
2015 895,050 Decrease2% 5,422 Increase2%
2016 979,432 Increase10% 5,985 Increase10%
2017 1,129,720 Increase15% 6,324 Increase7%
2018 1,245,999 Increase10% 6,816 Increase8%
2019 1,367,282 Increase9,7% 7,049 Increase3,4%

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes from Tivat Airport (2019)
Rank Airport Passengers 2019
1  Russia, Moscow–Domodedovo 334.880
2  Serbia, Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 236.378
3  Russia, Moscow–Vnukovo 182.016
4  Russia, Moscow–Sheremetyevo 114.665
5  Russia, Pulkovo Airport 62.147
6  Ukraine, Boryspil Airport 39.415
7  Israel, Ben Gurion Airport 36.147
8  United Kingdom, Gatwick Airport 35.883
9  Belarus, Minsk Airport 34.697
Source: ec.europa.eu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Montenegro Airports
  2. ^ Tivatsko polje map
  3. ^ Tivat airport history
  4. ^ Aerodromi Crne Gore
  5. ^ Pobjeda – Donacija od milion dolara za aerodrom u Tivtu - October 16, 2007 Archived January 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Profesionalno serviranje putnika - October 17, 2007 Archived January 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Noisy jets disturb Montenegro's coastal region - March 31, 2008
  8. ^ [1] JP Aerodromi Crne Gore: Red letenja
  9. ^ "Belavia to commence daily Tivat flights". exyuaviation.com. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  10. ^ "easyJet to launch new Tivat service in 2021". exyuaviation.com. Retrieved 9 September 2020.
  11. ^ "easyJet launching new summer flights to Tivat". exyuaviation.com. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  12. ^ a b c "Charter flights". tui.pl.
  13. ^ https://www.exyuaviation.com/2020/06/lot-to-add-new-ohrid-and-tivat-flights.html
  14. ^ "LOT will make charter flights for Katowice from Rainbow Tours".
  15. ^ a b 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Lufthansa S19 European network additions".CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "Открытие летнего расписания полётов в Черногорию". flyredwings.com. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  17. ^ "Novaturas Flights en". novatours.eu/.
  18. ^ https://www.tuifly.be/en/last-minute/all-airports/tivat
  19. ^ "UIA launches Croatia, Montenegro flights". exyuaviation.com. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  20. ^ http://windrose.aero/eng/about/napravleniya_polotov.html

External links[edit]

Media related to Tivat Airport at Wikimedia Commons