Tren Suburbano

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Suburban Railway of the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area
Ferrocarril Suburbano.svg
Ferrocarril Suburbano de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México estación Buenavista.jpg
Overview
LocaleMexico City and State of Mexico, Mexico
Transit typeSuburban rail
Number of lines1 (with 2 more proposed lines)
Number of stations7
Daily ridership200,000 (2018)[1]
HeadquartersMexico City
WebsiteFerrocarriles Suburbanos
Operation
Began operationJune 2, 2008[2]
Operator(s)Ferrocarriles Suburbanos, SA de CV
Reporting marksS
Technical
System length27 km (16.78 mi)[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification25 kV 60 Hz AC overhead lines[4]
System map

Cuautitlán
Tultitlán
Lechería
San Rafael
Tlalnepantla
Fortuna
Mexico City Metro Line 6
Buenavista
Mexico City Metro Line B

The Suburban Railway of the Valley of Mexico Metropolitan Area (Spanish: Ferrocarril Suburbano de la Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México) is an electric suburban rail system in Mexico City. It is also known as Valley of Mexico Suburban Rail System and colloquially referred to as El Tren Suburbano or Ferrocarril Suburbano. It is designed to complement the extensive Mexico City metro system, Latin America's largest and busiest urban rail network.

The railway has 1 operative line with a length of 27 km (16.78 mi) with 7 stations, located in Cuauhtémoc and Azcapotzalco in Mexico City, and Tlalnepantla, Tultitlán and Cuautitlán, in the State of Mexico. There are proposed expansions with a total length of 242 kilometres (150 mi) of rail system.[5]

Description[edit]

Cuautitlán Station

The initial line covers a route measuring 27 kilometres (17 mi) from Mexico City's Buenavista railway station north to Cuautitlán, in the State of Mexico. This initial section, which began commercial service on June 2, 2008 (after three weeks of fare-free trial operation),[2] cost US$706 million to build, with the Mexican Federal Government contributing 55% of this investment. The inaugural demonstration trip of the service from Buenavista to Lechería station and back again was made by then-President of Mexico, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, and then-Governor of the State of Mexico (and future president) Enrique Peña Nieto with Calderón acting as the train's engineer.

The line was built on an existing railroad right of way. However, inside Mexico City itself on the approach to Buenavista Station, a considerable amount of grade separation, including below-grade excavation and new bridges, was necessary due to high density and traffic congestion. The construction elicited complaints by some Mexico City residents who objected to having their neighborhoods split by the rail line, but overall the public has supported the project.

In addition to the track, the construction of Tren Suburbano also benefited from like-new electrification infrastructure already in place along most of the route, part of National Railways of Mexico (NdeM)'s Mexico City-Querétaro 25 kV 60 Hz mainline electrification completed in the 1990s but de-energized a few years later after NdeM was privatized.

On August 24, 2005, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, S.A. (CAF) obtained a 30-year concession to supply rolling stock, build and operate the Tren Suburbano.[6] The trains used on this service are electric trains built by CAF and are similar to the series 2000 trains of the Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos of São Paulo, Brazil.[7]

Ridership[edit]

The line is projected to carry 100 million passengers annually.[8] From the period of June 1, 2008 through July 7, 2008, the service carried one million passengers, or an average of approximately 30,000 passengers per day, which is a rate far below the annual projections.[9] As of January 31, 2010 according to the head of Comercialización y Administración de Riesgos del Ferrocarril Suburbano stated that Line 1 of the Suburban Railway of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area served an average of 88,000 passengers per day.[10] As of the end of 2012, ridership reached 132,000 per day, short of the 192,000 per day the private operator needed to stay solvent due to the high initial upfront cost and debt schedule. In 2012, the system ran an operational profit, but the profit was not high enough to cover accumulated debt repayment yet.[11] Ridership had increased to 184,000 per day as of 2015.[12] As of 2018, the Tren Suburbano had an average of 200,000 passengers per day.[1] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico, ridership decreased 73% as of May 2020.[13]

Trains are scheduled every 6 minutes during peak hours.

Fare structure[edit]

As of 2019, the fares are 8 pesos (approximately US$0.45) for a trip of three or fewer stations and 19.00 pesos (approximately US$1.00) for longer trips of four or more stations. Fares are paid using a rechargeable card that costs 18.00 pesos.[14]

Proposed expansion[edit]

Map of the current rail system and proposed two new rail systems

Authorities proposed to expand the system as far as it is practical to do so (the current long-range plan is for 242 kilometers of lines[15]), in order to reduce Mexico City's heavy road traffic congestion and air pollution. In most cases the system would follow existing rail lines; however, grade separations similar to the ones done on the initial segment may be necessary.

In December 2006, SCT announced that approval has been given for the 19.3 kilometres (12.0 mi) System 2, extending to Jardines de Morelos and Martín Carrera, and System 3 of an additional 12.8 km to Chalco and La Paz.[15][16][17][18]

RAIL SYSTEM 1
ROUTE TYPE LENGTH
Buenavista-Cuautitlán Main (built) 27 kilometres (17 mi)
Cuautitlán-Huehuetoca Branch (not built) 20 kilometres (12 mi)
Lechería-Jaltocan Branch 20 kilometres (12 mi)
San Rafael-Tacuba Branch 12 kilometres (7.5 mi)
RAIL SYSTEM 2
ROUTE TYPE LENGTH
Martín Carrera-Jardines de Morelos Main 20 kilometres (12 mi)
Martín Carrera-Tacuba Branch 12 kilometres (7.5 mi)
Buenavista-Polanco Branch 8 kilometres (5.0 mi)
Martín Carrera-Otumba Branch 28 kilometres (17 mi)
Teotihuacan-Jaltocan Branch 22 kilometres (14 mi)
RAIL SYSTEM 3
ROUTE TYPE LENGTH
Chalco-Nezahualcóyotl Main 31.82 kilometres (19.77 mi)
Nezahualcóyotl-San Rafael Branch 22 kilometres (14 mi)
La Paz-Texcoco Branch 21 kilometres (13 mi)

As of June 2020 The Suburban train still only goes from Buenavista to Cuautitlán.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Juárez, Pilar (December 7, 2018). "Tren Suburbano alcanza viabilidad financiera". Milenio (in Spanish). Mexico City. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Alcanza Tren Suburbano 200 mil usuarios diarios". Railway Gazette International. December 6, 2018. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  3. ^ "Suburbano La vía rápida al bienestar" [Suburban the fast way to well-being] (PDF) (in Spanish). Ferrocarriles Suburbanos [Suburban Railways]. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  4. ^ "Espacio del Viajero: Conoce los Trenes" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Ferrocarriles Suburbanos. Retrieved 2011-05-24. Alimentación (Vcc. catenaria): 25000, 60 Hz
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2010-01-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2006-03-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Frota de Trens". Companhia Paulista de Trens Metropolitanos. Archived from the original on 2008-05-01. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  8. ^ "Operación: Estaciones Buenavista-Cuautitlán". Ferrocarriles Suburbanos. July 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  9. ^ "El Suburbano rebasa el millón de usuarios". Ferrocarriles Suburbanos. July 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  10. ^ "Concluyen en diciembre obras restantes del Tren Suburbano" (in Spanish). El Financiero: en línea. January 31, 2010. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-01. Retrieved 2013-01-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2013-01-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) El Universal. "Espera Suburbano mover a 52 millones"
  13. ^ Morales, Amallely (May 11, 2020). "Baja 73% afluencia en Tren Suburbano". Reforma (in Spanish). Mexico City. Retrieved May 28, 2020.
  14. ^ "Operaciones: Costo del viaje". Ferrocarriles Suburbanos. Retrieved 2008-07-24.
  15. ^ a b Correo | Economía | Funcionaría en 2007 tren suburbano Archived January 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Autorizan suburbano de La Paz a Chalco - El Universal - DF Archived June 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Ferrocarriles Suburbanos - Noticias Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ Ferrocarril Urbano Archived April 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]