|Type||Joint venture, limited company|
|Industry||Gas turbine engines|
|Founded||14 October 1969|
|Headquarters||Moor Lane, Derby|
|UK, Italy, Germany|
|Parent||Rolls-Royce plc, MTU, Avio|
The ownership of the company similarly split into-
It had an office on Arabellastraße in Munich near both NAMMA and Panavia, but the head office was initially at Filton. It was known as Rolls-Royce Turbo-Union Ltd. Turbo-Union was a fully integrated and collaborative European Company, whose formal language was English, by kind and charitable agreement of the Governments concerned. The organisation of the company was of FG (Functional Group) kind - for example, FG4 was Concept Design Engineering, FG6 was Customer Support Engineering and Provisioning, and so on. Each FG was chaired by a European person included people from all three companies as required. The FG also had subgroups - for example, FG4-4 was Development, FG6-2 was FTC (Flight Test Centre) support.
Turbo Union as a whole designed and produced the engine, albeit the GA (General Arrangement) drawing was assembled at Bristol (Filton) from all three partners' inputs. Over 2000 engines were built up to and including the 1990s, from components sourced in all three countries in approximate proportion to their Governmental support. The RAF had engines assembled and supported from Bristol, the German Air Force and Navy from Munich, and the Italian Air Force from Turin (Torino).
When it was formed in October 1969 it was claimed to be the largest aero-engine consortium in the world. The RB199 would be Europe's biggest ever military engine programme, and was based at Filton.
Development of the Rolls-Royce RB199 started in September 1969, prior to the formation of Turbo-Union.
The first RB199 engine ran in September 1971, with the first flight in a Tornado in August 1974. The engines are all FADEC controlled with slightly different engine versions for each Tornado variant. The French took no part in the European project, not least because it was a direct competitor of the Snecma M53 engine. However, later in the 1980s, the French joined MTU Turbomeca Rolls-Royce to build the MTR MTR390 helicopter engine.
The first prototype Eurofighter planes used the RB199 engine, until in June 1995 when the first EJ200-engined plane took off from Turin. Its predecessor, the British Aerospace EAP, also used the engines.
For many years, the designer of the Pegasus engine, Gordon Lewis, was Managing Director. Previous to him was Martin Steinberger of Motoren und Turbinen-Union (MTU - based in Munich). Karlheinz Koch was MD until 2008.
- "Turbounion". Turbounion. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- Skinner, Stephen (2012). British Aircraft Corporation: A History. Crowood. ISBN 9781847974501. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Turbo-Union Limited". DueDil. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Turbo-Union" (PDF). Flight International: 183. 19 January 1980.
- "Panavia Tornado celebrates 40 years of first flight". Panavia. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Eurofighter Typhoon". Eurojet. Archived from the original on 8 October 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- Gunston, Bill (2006). World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, 5th Edition. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire, England, UK: Sutton Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-7509-4479-X.